Skip to main content

Full text of "Basic data relating to the National Institutes of Health"

See other formats


NIH LIBRARY 




NATIONAL 
INSTITUTES 
OF HEALTH 

1977 ^ 



U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE 
Public Health Service National Institutes of health 



Prepared by the staffs of the 

Office of Program Planning & Evaluation 

and the 

Division of Research Grants 

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH 
February 1977 



DHEW 

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE 



; ADAMHA 



CDC 



HSA 



NIH 



HRA 




ii 



TECHNICAL NOTE 



Basic Data Relating to the National Institutes of Health 
has been published annually since 1961. Single copies of 
the current issue are available at NIH information offices. 

Data are derived from NIH records and studies unless 
otherwise noted. The Special Projects Branch, DLA-OPPE, 
plans, edits, and publishes. The Division of Resources 
Analysis, OPPE, develops the data on national support for 
health R&D from annual surveys and other sources. The 
Statistics and Analysis Branch, DRG, compiles the data on 
NIH awards. The Divisions of Financial Management and 
Personnel Management, OA, are the sources of informa- 
tion on NIH budget and staff. (See "Abbreviations," page 
53.) 

Programs that have been transferred out of NIH — 
NIMH, DRMP, DBS, and BHME — are excluded from all 
data except national and Federal time series. DRR, though 
located in BHME from 4/68 to 9/70, is always included 
with the institutes and research divisions. The NIMH 
portion of GRS grants, which are administered by DRR, is 
included in all award data through 1974. See "Chronology," 
page 49, for major organizational changes. 

"Health R&D" denotes medical and health-related 
projects, resources, and general support, but no training 
or construction. In Health R&D series, the NIH component 
(pages 1-6) contains certain items not classified as R&D in 



other tables on obligations, such as foreign currency 
programs and portions of cancer control, NLM, and 
program management. 

Funds withheld in FY 1973 and later released for use 
are reflected in 1974 and 1975 obligation and award data. 
All award data exclude scientific evaluation grants. 
Research career program awards are included under 
research project grants and total research grants unless 
shown separately or noted. Supplemental awards, unless 
noted, are combined with their parent awards or with other 
supplements when made from the same fiscal-year funds, 
and are always excluded from number of individual training 
awards. 

Differences between "obligations" and "awards" are 
due to differences in treatment of certain items (cancer 
control, scientific evaluation grants, GRS programs, etc.) 
in the accounting methods used by the various data 
sources. The largest difference reflects the handling of 
cancer control, which is identified in obligations tables but 
integrated with R&D grants and contracts in award 
presentations. Details may not add exactly to totals 
because of rounding. 

W.T. Carrigan and Ann B. Armstrong, editors 

(301-496-4591) 



iii 
CONTENTS 

NIH in the National Health Scene 

Page 

National Health R&D, 1966 and 1976, as a Proportion of Total R&D Cost and Total Health 
Cost (Figure 1 ) 1 

National Support for Health R&D by Source or Performer, 1961-1975 (Table 1) 2 

National Support for Health R&D by Source and Performer, 1975 (Table 2) 3 

National Support for Health R&D by Source, 1965-1976 (Figure 2) 4 

Federal Obligations for Health R&D by Source or Performer, Fiscal Years 1968-1975 
(Table 3) 5 

Federal Obligations for Health R&D by Source and Performer, Fiscal Year 1975 (Table 4) 6 

National Health Science Manpower 

Manpower Pool of Employed Biomedical Doctoral Scientists: Number and Annual Growth 
Rates by Type of Employer and Degree Held, in Years Ending June 30, 1971, 1973, and 
1975 (Table 5) 7 

Manpower Pool of Employed Biomedical Scientists: Number and Percentage Distribution 
by Degree Held and Type of Employer and by Type of Activity, June 30, 1975, with 
Comparable Totals for 1971 (Table 6) 8 

Science Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities by Field of Degree and Sex, Fiscal 
Years 1973-75 (Table 7) 9 



iv 

National Mortality and Morbidity 

Page 
Mortality from Selected Causes: United States, 1968 and 1974 (Table 8) 10 

Morbidity from Selected Chronic Conditions: United States, 1975 (Table 9) 11 

Morbidity from Selected Acute Conditions: United States, 1974 (Table 10) 12 

Patients Discharged from Short-Stay Hospitals by Selected Conditions: United States, 

1972 and 1974 (Table 11) 13 

NIH Appropriations and Obligations 

NIH Appropriations by NIH Component, Fiscal Years 1950-1977 and Transition Quarter 
(Table 12) 14 

NIH Obligations by l/RD and Program Activity and by Function/Mechanism, Fiscal Year 
1976 (Table 13) 16 

NLM Obligations by Function/Mechanism and Organization, Fiscal Year 1976 and TQ 
(Table 14) 22 

NIH Obligations by Institute and Research Division, Fiscal Years 1965-1976 and TQ, in 
Current and Constant Dollars (Table 15) 23 

NIH Awards 

NIH Awards by Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1963-1976 and TQ (Table 16) 24 

NIH Awards by NIH Component and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1976 (Table 17) 25 



V 

Page 

NIH Awards by NIH Component and Funding Mechanism, Transition Quarter (Table 18) 26 

NIH Awards by State and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1976 (Table 19) 27 

NIH Awards by Performer and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1976 (Table 20) 30 

NIH Awards to Domestic Institutions of Higher Education by Major Component and 
Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1976 (Table 21) 32 

NIH Awards by NIH Component and Performer, Fiscal Year 1976 (Table 22) 34 

NIH Awards to U.S. Medical Schools by Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1967-1976 (Table 23) 35 

NIH Support of Clinical Trials Active in Fiscal Year 1975 by NIH Component and Function/ 
Mechanism (Table 24) '. 36 

NIH Competing Research Grant Applications Reviewed by Councils, Fiscal Years 1967- 
1976 (Figure 3) 37 

Award Rates for NIH Competing Research Grant Applications by NIH Component, Fiscal 
Years 1967 and 1976 (Table 25) 38 

NIH Research Grants by Type, Fiscal Years 1967-1976 (Figure 4) 39 

NIH Competing and Noncompeting Research Grants by Kind and Type, Fiscal Year 1976 
(Table 26) 40 

Average Amount of NIH Research Grants by NIH Component and Kind of Grant, Fiscal 

Years 1970 and 1976 (Table 27) 41 

Direct and Indirect Costs Awarded for NIH Research Grants by Performer, Fiscal Years 
1970, 1972, 1974, and 1976 (Table 28) 42 



vi 

Page 
Grantee Expenditures from NIH Research Grant Funds by NIH Component and Kind of 
Grant and by Type of Expenditure, Fiscal Year 1973 (Table 29) 43 

NIH Support for Positions Funded from Fiscal Year 1974 Research Grants by Occupational 
Category (Table 30) 44 

Number of Persons in NIH Research Training Programs by NIH Component and Academic 
Level, Fiscal Years 1975 and 1976 (Table 31) 45 

NIH Staff 

NIH Personnel by Type of Occupation and Degree Held and by Pay System, September 30, 
1976 (Table 32) 47 

NIH Permanent Full-Time Personnel by NIH Component and Function, June 30, 1968 and 
1976 (Figure 5) 48 



Chronology of Important Events in the Development of NIH Programs 49 

Abbreviations 53 

Index 55 



Figure 1 
NATIONAL HEALTH R&D, 1966 AND 1976, AS A PROPORTION OF . . . 



...TOTAL R&D COST* 



1966 



1976 
est. 



$21.8 BILLION 



'HEALTH R&D $2.1 (9.6%) 



\ 



$37.4 BILLION 



.HEALTH R&D $5.1 (13.7%) 
TOTAL HEAL TH COST 1 



1966 !: 



t 



$42.7 BILLION 



HEALTH R&D $2.1 (4.9%) 



1976 
est 



x HEALTH R&D $5.1 (3.6%) 
Source: NSF and NIH. * Source: SSA, with adjustments of R&D (and therefore of totals) to conform with NIH data. 



PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF 
TOTAL HEALTH COST BY CATEGORY 


TOTAL 


1966 
100% 


1976 est. 
100% 


HOSPITALS 
NURSING-HOME CARE 


36.7 


46.8 


PHYSICIANS', DENTISTS' 
& OTHER PROFESSIONAL 
SERVICES 


30.2 


26.5 


DRUGS, APPLIANCES, 
& OTHER EXPENSES 


23.8 


19.6 


CONSTRUCTION 


4.4 


3.5 


R&D 


4.9 


3.6 



$141.1 BILLION 



Table 1 

NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE OR PERFORMER, 1961-1975* 

(In millions of dollars) 



Sector 


1961 


1962 


1963 


1964 


1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 


1969 


1970 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 


Total of A or B 


$1,096 


$1,337 


$1,526 


$1,690 


$1,884 


$2,104 


$2,338 


$2,553 


$2,762 


$2,805 


$3,107 


$3,454 


$3,667 


$4,390 


$4,610 










A 


BY SOURCE OF FUNDS 


















Government 


655 


866 


1.008 


1,140 


1,277 


1.428 


1,581 


1,707 


1,817 


1,817 


2,040 


2,326 


2.426 


2,976 


3.038 


Federal 


574 


782 


919 


1,049 


1.174 


1,316 


1,459 


1,582 


1,674 


1,667 


1,877 


2,147 


2,225 


2.754 


2.799 


NIH 


376 


495 


566 


651 


715 


791 


812 


864 


893 


873 


1,039 


1,271 


1,323 


1,737 


1.846 


State 


81 


84 


89 


91 


103 


112 


122 


125 


143 


150 


163 


179 


201 


222 


239 


Industry 


312 


336 


376 


400 


450 


510 


580 


661 


754 


795 


860 


925 


1,033 


1,187 


1,322 


Private nonprofit 


129 


135 


143 


150 


157 


166 


177 


185 


191 


193 


207 


203 


208 


227 


250 


Foundations 


40 


40 


41 


43 


42 


44 


46 


49 


47 


47 


57 


53 


51 


54 


64 


Voluntary health agencies 


37 


38 


40 


42 


45 


47 


54 


57 


61 


61 


63 


63 


70 


84 


93 


Other 


52 


57 


62 


65 


70 


75 


77 


79 


83 


85 


87 


87 


87 


89 


93 


B. BY PERFORMER 


Government 


185 


236 


280 


308 


346 


398 


426 


482 


539 


575 


661 


716 


758 


814 


825 


Federal 


164 


215 


250 


272 


305 


345 


369 


403 


458 


489 


568 


609 


629 


668 


717 


State & local 


21 


21 


30 


36 


41 


53 


57 


79 


81 


86 


93 


107 


129 


146 


108 


Industry 


322 


354 


397 


438 


483 


560 


653 


725 


813 


828 


889 


964 


1.042 


1,230 


1.350 


Private nonprofit 


557 


701 


796 


888 


993 


1,079 


1,184 


1,260 


1,316 


1,315 


1,445 


1,658 


1,713 


2.155 


2,230 


Higher education 


418 


536 


606 


673 


749 


822 


918 


983 


1.035 


1.024 


1.127 


1,305 


1,342 


1.678 


1,743 


Other 


139 


165 


190 


215 


244 


257 


266 


277 


281 


291 


318 


353 


371 


477 


487 


Foreign 


32 


46 


53 


56 


62 


67 


75 


86 


94 


87 


112 


116 


1S4 


191 


205 



"Reflects 1976 revisions in State health R&D. Data for 1976 and 1977, for Tables 1-4, will be available in April 1977 from Division of Resources Analysis, OPPE/NIH, 
(301)496-9291. 



Table 2 
NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE AND PERFORMER, 1975 

(In millions of dollars) 





Total 


Performer 


Source 
of support 


Federal 


State 
and local 


. . „ ♦ Higher 
Industry . ". * 
education 


Other 
nonprofit* 


Foreign 


Total 


$4,610 


$717 


$108 


$1,350 $1,743 


$487 


$205 


Federal 


2,799 


716 


54 


256 1,375 


368 


30 


NIH 


1,846 


330 


34 


123 1,068 


272 


19 


State 
Industry 
Private nonprofit 


239 

1,322 

250 


1 


54 


181 

1,094 39 

148 


4 
31 
84 


158 
17 



SOURCE 
Federal ($2,799) 

NIH ($1,846) 

Industry ($1,322) 

0% 20% 

'Contains Federally Funded R&D Centers (FFRDCs). 







PERFORMER 




Federal 26% 


Higher education 49% ! 


Other 25% 


: : ! : 


Federal 18% 


Higher education 58% 


Other 24% 


! i i 




Industry 83% 


\ Other 17% 



40% 



60% 



80% 



100% 



Millions 
$6,000 



5,000 

4,000 

3,000- 

2,000 

1,000 



Figure 2 
NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH R & D BY SOURCE, 1965-1976 

totals in current and (Dollars in millions) 

CONSTANT (1965) DOLLARS" 





'65 



CONSTANT $ 



J I I I I I I I I ' 



$5,101 



$4,390 



'66 '67 '68 '69 70 '71 '72 '73 '74 '75 '76 



$2,553 



$2,762 



$2,805 



$2,338 



- -$1,884 



<38%; 



13% 



12% 






OTHER 
FEDERAL 



1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 

'Constant dollars based on revised biomedical R&D deflator (1965 - 100). * $2,023 million, including $1,276 grants, $373 contracts, $241 intramural research, etc. 



Table 3 
FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE OR PERFORMER, FISCAL YEARS 1968-1975 

(In millions of dollars) 





1968 


1969 1970 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 


Total of A or B 


$1,581.9 


$1,674.1 $1,666.6 


$1,876.6 


$2,147.3 


$2,225.3 


$2,753.6 


$2,798.9 


A. BY SOURCE OF FUNDS 


Department of Health, Education, and Welfare 


1,139.0 


1,191.4 1,177.0 


1,316.0 


1,584.3 


1,609.9 


2.092.2 


2,162.5 


National Institutes of Health* 


864.0 


892.9 873.3 


1,038.9 


1,271.3 


1.323.2 


1,73a8 


1,845.5 


Other Public Health Service* 


229.1 


249.9 270.0 


247.6 


275.9 


255.4 


315.2 


278.5 


Other DHEW* 


45.8 


48.7 33.8 


29.4 


37.0 


31.3 


40.2 


38.2 


Other agencies 


443.0 


482.6 489.5 


560.6 


563.1 


615.4 


661.4 


636.7 


Department of Agriculture 


45.8 


48.8 50.1 


60.3 


67.3 


61.1 


59.7 


61.4 


Department of Defense 


114.0 


117.5 124.9 


124.2 


126.0 


126.6 


119.0 


115.9 


Department of the Interior 


2.7 


4.4 12.4 


22.6 


34.9 


33.3 


33.3 


9.0 


Department of State 


2.7 


8.7 10.8 


15.2 


15.1 


16.3 


10.3 


6.4 


Department of Transportation 


4.5 


7.3 9.7 


41.9 


39.0 


65.0 


64.8 


11.9 


Energy Research & Development Admin. (AEC) 


95.0 


97.9 104.2 


104.9 


102.7 


110.6 


121.4 


163.9 


Environmental Protection Agency 


— 


— — 


13.1 


14.5 


20.3 


18.8 


38.1 


National Aeronautics & Space Admin. 


108.6 


116.8 85.9 


74.9 


50.3 


42.3 


80.1 


74.9 


National Science Foundation 


21.2 


25.6 28.0 


34.3 


37.2 


45.5 


47.0 


44.7 


Veterans Administration 


45.6 


50.3 58.7 


62.7 


68.9 


74.2 


84.0 


94.8 


Other 


2.9 


5.3 4.9 


6.5 


7.1 


20.3 


23.2 


15.8 


B. BY PERFORMER 


Intramural (Federal) 


402.2 


456.5 488.3 


566.5 


608.2 


627.3 


667.9 


715.7 


Extramural (non-Federal) 


1,179.8 


1,217.6 1,178.3 


1,310.1 


1,539.1 


1,598.0 


2,085.8 


2,083.1 


State & local 


50.6 


47.7 49.0 


51.5 


60.2 


79.3 


91.6 


54.0 


Industry* 


138.3 


137.4 121.7 


128.6 


158.8 


176.3 


248.4 


256.3 


Private nonprofit' 


960.4 


996.0 986.2 


1,089.1 


1,289.3 


1,318.3 


1,716.8 


1,7428 


Higher education* 


757.7 


792.1 775.1 


859.4 


1,025.4 


1,039.5 


1,347.0 


1,374.8 


Medical schools* 


379.6 


408.3 394.1 


436.0 


507.8 


618.3 


809.7 


837.5 


Other* 


202.6 


203.9 211.1 


229.7 


264.0 


278.8 


369.7 


368.1 


Foreign 


30.5 


36.4 21.4 


40.9 


30.8 


24.1 


29.1 


30.0 



*As organized in year specif ied. "-"Contains FFRDCs. f Excludes medical school contracts for 1968-1972. Such contracts are contained in "Higher education" 
for all years. 



Table 4 
FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE AND PERFORMER, FISCAL YEAR 1975 

(In millions of dollars) 





Total 


Performer 


Source 


Intra- 
mural 
(Federal) 


Total 
extra- 
mural 
(non-Federal) 


State 
and 
local 


Industry 


Higher education 


Other 

private 

nonprofit* 




of support 


Total* 


Medical 
schools 


Foreign 


Total 


$2,798.9 


$715.7 


$2,083.1 


$54.0 


$256.3 


$1,374.8 


$837.5 


$368.1 


$30.0 


Dept. of Health, Ed. and Welfare 


2,162.2 


425.9 


1,736.4 


52.0 


136.6 


1,198.1 


•808.5 


323.2 


26.4 


National Institutes of Health 


1,845.5 


330.1 


1,515.4 


33.7 


122.9 


1,067.6 


750.7 


272.5 


18.7 


Other Public Health Service 


278.5 


89.4 


189.1 


16.0 


11.7 


116.7 


50.2 


39.0 


5.5 


ADAMHA 


139.4 


23.2 


116.2 


14.8 


3.8 


76.9 


38.5 


19.5 


1.3 


CDC 


42.6 


27.9 


14.7 


- 


3.6 


4.5 


0.6 


5.2 


1.3 


FDA 


35.9 


23.1 


12.8 


0.1 


2.5 


8.4 


1.2 


1.1 


0.7 


HRA 


43.3 


10.9 


32.4 


0.7 


1.6 


19.8 


7.8 


8.9 


1.4 


HSA 


17.3 


4.3 


13.0 


0.4 


0.3 


7.1 


2.0 


4.4 


0.8 


Other DHEW 


38.2 


6.3 


31.9 


2.2 


2.0 


13.7 


7.7 


11.7 


2.2 


Office of Human Development 


16.8 


0.6 


16.2 


1.0 


— 


10.1 


7.6 


3.3 


1.8 


Off. Asst. Secy., Planning & Eval. 


6.3 


0.4 


5.9 


- 


— 


0.9 


— 


5.0 


— 


Social and Rehabilitation Service 


3.6 


0.3 


3.3 


1.2 


1.1 


0.1 


- 


0.5 


0.3 


Social Security Administration 


11.5 


5.0 


6.4 


- 


0.9 


2.6 


0.1 


3.0 


- 


Other agencies 


636.7 


289.9 


346.8 


2.1 


119.6 


176.7 


29.0 


44.8 


3.6 


Department of Agriculture 


61.4 


46.6 


14.8 


— 


0.4 


12.8 


0.1 


0.1 


1.6 


Department of Defense 


115.9 


83.7 


32.2 


— 


9.4 


15.9 


2.9 


6.1 


0.8 


Department of Transportation 


11.9 


3.5 


8.5 


1.1 


5.1 


2.1 


— 


0.3 


— 


Energy Research & Development Admin. 


163.9 


7.6 


156.3 


0.1 


39.4 


88.31 


13.3 


28.1 


0.4 


Environmental Protection Agency 


38.1 


25.5 


12.6 


0.5 


6.4 


3.3 


0.5 


2.3 


0.2 


National Aeronautics & Space Admin. 


74.9 


10.9 


64.0 


— 


54.8 


8.8 


3.9 


0.4 


— 


National Science Foundation 


44.7 


2.1 


42.5 


— 


0.8 


38.8 


7.7 


2.7 


0.1 


Veterans Administration 


94.8 


92.9 


1.9 


— 


0.3 


1.1 


0.3 


0.4 


— 


Other 


31.0 


17.1 


13.9 


0.4 


3.1 


5.5 


0.2 


4.4 


0.5 



'Contains FFRDCs. 1 Contains $49 million to FFRDCs. 



Table 5 
MANPOWER POOL OF EMPLOYED BIOMEDICAL DOCTORAL SCIENTISTS: 

NUMBER AND ANNUAL GROWTH RATES BY TYPE OF EMPLOYER 
AND DEGREE HELD, IN YEARS ENDING JUNE 30, 1971, 1973, AND 1975 



Type of employer 
and degree held 


Number of doctoral scientists 
(in thousands) 


Annual growth rate 
(percent per year) 


1971 


1973 


1975 


1971-73 


1973-75 


1971-75 


Total 

M.D.* 
Ph.D.t 


71.5 

34.3 
37.2 


79.5 

37.5 
42.0 


86.9 

39.4 
47.5 


5.5% 

4.5 

6.3 


4.5% 

2.5 

6.5 


5.0% 

3.5 

6.3 


Medical schools 
M.D.* 
Ph.D.t 


31.2 

23.2 

8.0 


36.0 

26.4 

9.6 


39.5 
28.2 
11.3 


7.4 
6.7 
9.5 


4.7 
3.3 
8.5 


6.1 
5.0 
9.0 


Other academic institutions 
M.D.* 
Ph.D.t 


19.4 

0.5 

18.9 


21.1 

0.8 

20.3 


21.8 

1.1 

20.7 


4.3 
3.6 


1.6 
1.0 


3.0 
2.3 


Other employers 
M.D.* 
Ph.D.t 


20.9 
10.6 
10.3 


22.4 
10.3 
12.1 


25.6 
10.1 
15.5 


3.5 
neg. 
8.4 


6.9 

neg. 

13.4 


5.2 

neg. 

10.4 



* Contains equivalent health-professionals and persons holding both 
persons with equivalent academic doctorate. 



/l.D. and Ph.D. or equivalent. tContains 
Source: NIH/OPPE/DPA. 



Table 6 
MANPOWER POOL OF EMPLOYED BIOMEDICAL DOCTORAL SCIENTISTS: NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE 
DISTRIBUTION BY DEGREE HELD AND TYPE OF EMPLOYER AND BY TYPE OF ACTIVITY, 
JUNE 30, 1975, WITH COMPARABLE TOTALS FOR 1971 



Degree held and 
type of employer 




Nun- 


ber (in thousands) 




Percent 


Total 


Research 


Teaching 


Patient 
care 


Admin. 
& other 


Total 


Research 


Teaching 


Patient 
care 


Admin. 
& other 


Total • 1975 


86.9 


36.7 


19.5 


10.0 


20.7 


100% 


42% 


22% 


12% 


24% 


M.D.' 

Academic institutions 
Medical schools 
Other 


39.4 
29.3 
28.2 

1.1 


9.7 
4.1 
4.0 
0.1 


9.3 
9.3 
8.7 
0.6 


9.9 
7.4 
7.3 
0.1 


10.5 
8.5 
8.2 
0.3 


100 
100 
100 
100 


24 
14 
14 
12 


23 
32 
31 
52 


26 

25 

26 

9 


27 
29 
29 
27 


Non-academic 


10.1 


5.6 


- 


2.5 


2.0 


100 


55 


- 


25 


20 


Ph.D.t 

Academic institutions 
Medical schools 
Other 


47.5 
32.0 
11.3 
20.7 


27.0 

14.6 

3.8 

10.8 


10.2 

10.2 

4.0 

6.2 


0.1 
0.1 
0.1 


10.2 
7.1 
3.4 
3.7 


100 
100 
100 
100 


57 
46 
34 
52 


21 
32 
35 
30 


* 
* 
1 


22 
22 
30 
18 


Non-academic 


15.5 


12.4 


- 


- 


3.1 


100 


80 


- 


- 


20 


Total - 1971 


71.5 


28.4 


17.4 


8.7 


17.0 


100% 


40% 


24% 


12% 


24% 


Percent change 1971-1975 


21.5% 


29.2% 


12.1% 


14.9% 


21.8% 












Growth rate 1971-1975 
(per year) 


5.0% 


6.7% 


2.9% 


3.5% 


5.0% 













"Contains equivalent health-professionals and persons holding both M.D. and Ph.D. or equivalent. t Contains persons with equivalent academic doctorate. 



f Less than 0.5%. 



Source: NIH/OPPE/DPA. 



Table 7 

SCIENCE DOCTORATE RECIPIENTS FROM U.S. UNIVERSITIES 

BY FIELD OF DEGREE AND SEX, FISCAL YEARS 1973-1975 





1973 


1974 


1975 


Field of degree 


Total 


Men 


Women 


Total 


Men 


Women 


Total 


Men 


Women 


Total 


19,555 


17,020 


2,535 


19,086 


16,382 


2,704 


19,048 


16.047 


3,001 


Agricultural sciences 


1,031 


994 


37 


1,010 


962 


48 


1,066 


1,020 


46 


Biomedical sciences 


3,952 


3,125 


827 


3,780 


2,973 


807 


3,818 


2,920 


898 


Anatomy 


127 


96 


31 


123 


98 


25 


118 


93 


25 


Biochemistry 


636 


507 


129 


606 


459 


147 


620 


473 


147 


Biophysics 


115 


107 


8 


119 


105 


14 


112 


100 


12 


Genetics 


127 


103 


24 


126 


95 


31 


156 


107 


49 


Microbiology 


380 


287 


93 


380 


275 


105 


364 


266 


98 


Pathology 


78 


72 


6 


81 


73 


8 


67 


59 


8 


Pharmacology 


160 


133 


27 


178 


143 


35 


166 


140 


26 


Physiology 


357 


290 


67 


311 


256 


55 


333 


272 


61 


Other 


1,972 


1,530 


442 


1,856 


1,469 


387 


1,882 


1,410 


472 


Engineering 


3,338 


3,293 


45 


3,144 


3,110 


34 


2,959 


2,909 


50 


Environmental sciences 


85 


78 


7 


104 


96 


8 


138 


124 


14 


Physical sciences 


5,238 


4,862 


376 


4,892 


4,517 


375 


4,760 


4,366 


394 


Psychology 


2,444 


1,728 


716 


2,587 


1,796 


791 


2,749 


1,876 


873 


Social sciences 


3,467 


2,940 


527 


3,569 


2,928 


641 


3,558 


2,832 


726 



Source: National Academy of Sciences, Earned Doctorate Survey. 



10 



Table 8 
MORTALITY FROM SELECTED CAUSES: UNITED STATES. 1968 AND 1974 





ICDA code" 


1968 


1974 


Cause of death 


Rank 


Number 


Rate per 

100,000 

population 


Percent of 
all deaths 


Rank 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 
population 


Percent of 
all deaths 


Total 






1,930,082 


965.7 


100.0% 




1.934,388 


915.1 


100.0% 


Diseases of the circulatory system 
Diseases of the heart 
Hypertension 
Cerebrovascular diseases 
Arteriosclerosis 


390-458 

390-398,402,404,4 1 0-429 

400,401,403 

430-438 

440 


1 


1,040.292 

744,658 

9.063 

211,390 

33,568 


520.5 

372.6 

4.5 

105.8 

16.8 


53.9 

38.6 

.5 

11.0 

1.7 


1 


1.028,575 

738.171 

6,894 

207,424 

32,239 


486.6 

349.2 

3.3 

98.1 

15.3 


6a 2 

38.2 

.4 

10.7 

1.7 


Neoplasms 
Malignant 

Digestive organs & peritoneum 
Respiratory system 
Breast 
Genital organs 


140239 
140-209 
150-159 
160-163 
174 
180-187 


2 


323,495 
318,547 
93,563 
63,485 
29,081 
40,936 


161.9 
159.4 
46.8 
31.8 
14.6 
20.5 


16.8 
16.5 
4.8 
3.3 
1.5 
2.1 




365,532 
360.472 
98,913 
83,475 
32,424 
43,111 


17Z9 
170.5 
46.8 
39.5 
15.3 
20.4 


18.9 
18.6 
5,1 
4.3 
1.7 
2.2 


Diseases of the respiratory system 
Influenza & pneumonia 
Bronchitis, emphysema, & asthma 


460-519 

470-474,480-486 

490-493 


3 


123,440 
73,492 
33,078 


61.8 
36.8 
16.6 


6.4 
3.8 
1.7 


3 


109,303 
54.777 
26,880 


51.7 
25.9 
127 


5.7 
2.8 
1.4 


Diseases of the digestive system 
Cirrhosis of liver 


520-577 
571 


4 


73,718 
29,183 


36.9 
14.6 


3.8 
1.5 


4 


73.195 
33,319 


34.6 
15.8 


3.8 
1.7 


Endocrine, nutritional, & metabolic diseases 
Diebetes mellitus 


240-279 
250 


5 


46,354 
38,352 


23.2 
19.2 


2.4 
2.0 


5 


45,688 
37,329 


21.6 
17.7 


Z4 

1.9 


Certain causes of mortality in early infancy 


760-769.2,769.4-772,774-778 


6 


43,840 


21.9 


2.3 


6 


28.786 


13.6 


1.5 


Diseases of the genitourinary system 


580-629 


7 


29,787 


14.9 


1.5 


7 


26.068 


12.3 


1.3 


Diseases of the nervous system & sense organs 


320-389 


10 


16,439 


8.2 


.9 


8 


17.356 


8.2 


.9 


Infective & parastic diseases 


000-136 


8 


17,776 


8.9 


.9 


9 


15.722 


7.4 


.8 


Congenital anomalies 


740-759 


9 


16,793 


84 


.9 


10 


13,526 


6.4 


.7 


All other diseases 


Residual 




42,911 


21.5 


2.2 




53,706 


25.4 


Z8 


Accidents, poisonings, & violence 


E800-E999 




155,237 


77.7 


8.0 




156,931 


74.2 


8.1 



I on Eighth Revision International Classification of Diseases, Adapted for Use in the United States. 



Source: National Center for Health Statistics, DHEW 



Table 9 
MORBIDITY FROM SELECTED CHRONIC CONDITIONS: 



UNITED STATES. 1975* 



11 



Chronic condition arid codes, ICDA and X* 


Days of bed 

disability 

(in thousands) 


Persons chronically 

limited t 

(in thousands) 




Rank 


Number 


Rank 


Number 


Heart disease 390-398,402.404,410-429,782.1-782.2,782.4 


1 


101,661 


2 


4,757 


Arthritis 710-715 


2 


83,144 


1 


4.762 


Mental disordersS 290-309,319,X14-X1 9,780.6,781. 5,785.6,786.2,790.0,790.2 


3 


60,753 


4 


2,199 


Malignant neoplasms 140-209 


4 


38.398 


13 


620 


Hypertension without heart involvement 400,401,403 


5 


37,467 


5 


2,110 


Cerebrovascular disease 430-438 


6 


32,506 


11 


783 


Impairment of back & spine X70-X72.X8O-X81 


7 


31,837 


3 


2,299 


Diabetes 250 


8 


30,294 


7 


1,465 


Paralysis X40-X69 


9 


28,150 


9 


1,002 


Asthma 493 


10 


24,202 


8 


1,402 


Ulcer 531-534 


11 


23,333 


14 


534 


Emphysema 492 


12 


19,513 


10 


800 


Gallbladder^ 574-576.0,576.1,576.2,576.9 


13 


19,338 


15 


149 


Hernia 550-553 


14 


18.338 


12 


657 


Impairment of lower extremities X75-X77.X82X85 


15 


17,892 


6 


1,992 



"National estimate based on continuing survey of a probability sample of some 40,000 households in the civilian noninstitutionalized population. "hCDA 
code from Eighth Revision International Classification of Diseases, Adapted for Use in the United States; X code from Vital and Health Statistics, 
Publication Series 10, Number 99 (pp. 51-56). fPersons with limitations of activity are those chronically unable to fully perform their usual activities 
because of the condition specified, ^Includes some acute conditions. 

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, DHEW. 



12 



Table 10 
MORBIDITY FROM SELECTED ACUTE CONDITIONS: UNITED STATES, 1974* 



Acute condition and ICDA codeT 



Incidence of 

acute 
conditions 



Restricted- 
activity days 



Bed- 
disability 
days 



Work-loss 
days 


School- loss 
days 


286,055 


209,781 


1 25, 1 58 

41,988 

72,457 

3,796 

t 


128,694 

55,803 

65,860 

t 

t 


6,917 
19,273 
14,900 


34,093 
8,543 


§ 


S 


§ 


§ 



Total 

Respiratory conditions 

Upper respiratory 

Influenza 

Pneumonia 

Bronchitis 

Other 
Infective & parasitic diseases 
Digestive system conditions 



460-486,501,508-516,519,783 

460-465,501,508 

470-474 

480-486 

466 

510-516,519,783 

000-136 

520.6-521.5,521.7-523.9,525-530 
535-543,560,561,564-577,784,785 



Diseases of the ear 

Genitourinary disorders 

Diseases of the musculoskeletal system 

Headaches 



380-387,745.0-745.3,781.3 

580-629,786,789 

717-733,787 

791 



Deliveries & disorders of pregnancy & the puerperium 630-678 

Diseases of the skin 680-709 

Injuries N (800-870,872-884,890-894,900-994,996-999) 

All other acute conditions Other acute code numbers 



364,278 

195,741 

94,868 

92,809 

1,851 

3,266 

2,947 

40,465 

16,193 

11,573 
8,537 
4,673 
3,145 
2,760 
2,310 
63,085 
15,796 



1,944,185 


856,295 


854,591 


428,729 


332,293 


132,040 


436,818 


251,906 


41,423 


23,402 


23,519 


9,640 


20,538 


11,741 


187,864 


87,691 


95,318 


44,449 


47,252 


17,853 


70,416 


28,577 


47,787 


13,760 


6,944 


f 


41,357 


23,227 


16,670 


t 


454,652 


148,425 


121,334 


56,710 



84,850 
41,874 



§ 
§ 
S 
i 
19,418 
19,034 



"National estimate based on continuing survey of a probability sample of some 
International Classification of Diseases, Adapted for Use in the United States. 
in "All other acute conditions." 



40,000 households in the civilian noninstitutionalized population. 1 Eighth Revision 
^Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision. ^Not available. Included 

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, DHEW. 



Table 11 
PATIENTS DISCHARGED FROM SHORT-STAY HOSPITALS BY SELECTED CONDITIONS: UNITED STATES, 1972 AND 1974' 



13 





ICDA 
code 


1972 


1974 


Category of first-listed diagnosis 


Hospital discharges 


Average 
length of stay 


Hospital discharges 


Ave 

length 


rage 




Rank 


Number 
(in thousands) 


Rate per 
10,000 pop. 


Rank 


Number 
(in thousands) 


Rate per 
10,000 pop. 


of stay 




Rank Days 


Rank 


Days 


Total 






31,627 


1.549 


7.7 




33.018 


1.592 




7.7 


Diseases of the circulatory system 


390-458 


3 


3,860 


189 


2 11.5 


1 


4,304 


208 


2 


11.1 


Ischemic heart disease 


410-414 




1,628 


80 


12.1 




1,787 


86 




11.3 


Cerebrovascular disease 


430-438 




586 


29 


13.4 




620 


30 




13.6 


Diseases of the digestive system 


520-577 


2 


3,976 


195 


6 8.0 


2 


4.118 


199 


6 


7.8 


Stomach, duodenum, gastrojejunal ulcer 


531-534 




429 


21 


9.8 




425 


21 




9.4 


Inguinal hernia 


550, 552 




491 


24 


5.9 




505 


24 




5.8 


Cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, cholangitis 


574-575 




570 


28 


10.3 




545 


26 




10.3 


Complications of pregnancy, childbirth, & the puerperium 


630-678 


1 


4,102 


201 


13 3.7 


3 


4,003 


193 


13 


3.7 


Diseases of the genitourinary system 


580-629 


5 


3,250 


159 


11 6.3 


4 


3,394 


164 


11 


6.3 


Diseases of the respiratory system 


460-519 


4 


3,515 


172 


12 6.0 


5 


3,278 


158 


12 


6.0 


Acute upper respiratory infections, except influenza 


460-466 




609 


30 


5.6 




540 


26 




5.7 


Influenza & pneumonia 


470-486 




937 


46 


8.5 




826 


40 




8.3 


Hypertrophy of tonsils & adenoids 


500 




929 


46 


1.9 




830 


40 




2.3 


Neoplasms 


140-239 


6 


2,100 


103 


3 11.1 


6 


2,257 


109 


3 


10.8 


Malignant 


140-209 




1,336 


65 


13.9 




1,469 


71 




13.4 


Diseases of the musculoskeletal system 


710-738 


7 


1,470 


72 


5 9.5 


7 


1,710 


82 


5 


9.4 


Diseases of the nervous system 8i sense organs 


320-389 


e 


1.220 


60 


8 6.9 


8 


1.371 


66 


9 


6.6 


Mental disorders 


290-315 


9 


1,176 


58 


1 11.6 


9 


1,352 


65 


1 


11.3 


Endocrine, nutritional, & metabolic diseases 


240-279 


10 


804 


39 


4 9.9 


10 


869 


42 


4 


10.0 


Diabetes mellitus 


250 




488 


24 


10.7 




521 


25 




10.9 


Infective & parasitic diseases 


000-136 


11 


789 


39 


10 6.4 


11 


815 


39 


10 


6.5 


Diseases of the skin & subcutaneous tissue 


680-709 


12 


511 


25 


7 7.2 


12 


537 


26 


7 


7.2 


Congenital anomalies 


740-759 


13 


357 


17 


9 6.6 


13 


331 


16 


8 


6.7 


All other diseases 


Residual 




1,244 


61 


5.6 




1,263 


60 




6.3 


Accidents, poisonings, & violence 


800-999 




3,253 


159 


8.3 




3.426 


165 




8.4 



'National estimate based on samples of medical records from non-Federal short-stay hospitals. Includes deaths, excludes newborn infants. 
Adapted for Use in the United States. 



Eighth Revision International Classification of Diseases, 

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, DHEW. 



14 



Table 12 

MIH APPROPRIATIONS BY NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL YEARS 1950-1977 AND TRANSITION QUARTER* 

Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 

(In thousands of dollars) 



NIH 
component 


1950 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


1958 


1959 


1960 


1961 


1962 


1963 


Total 


$34,816 


S42.563 


$40,019 


$41,141 


$52,849 


$60,848 


$71,718 


$161,576 


$189,329 


$255,436 


$343,382 


$468,239 


$630,790 


$756,704 


l/RD 






























NIAID 


- 


. - 


15,016) 


(5,479) 


5,400 


5,726 


6,502 


13,299 


17,400 


24,071 


34,054 


44,000 


56,091 


66,142 


NIAMDD 


- 


- 


13,8941 


(4,570) 


7,000 


8,270 


10,840 


15,885 


20,385 


31,215 


46,862 


61,200 


81,831 


1 03,388 


NCI 


14,000 


1 5,397 


15,209 


13,537 


16,494 


17,994 


19,695 


37,342 


49,471 


65,159 


81,575 


100,311 


124,817 


145,406 


NIDR 


511 


806 


816 


850 


1,034 


1,330 


1,511 


5,232 


5,519 


6,437 


8,829 


14,167 


17,340 


21,199 


NHLBI 


8,230 


12.046 


8,238 


10.155 


13,746 


15,253 


17,380 


30,738 


33.246 


42,413 


57,386 


81,031 


123,312 


135,037 


NINCDS 


- 


- 


(1,186) 


(1.5381 


4,500 


7,600 


9,861 


18,650 


21,387 


29,403 


41.487 


56,600 


67,812 


79,706 


HRF 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


30,000 


30,000 


30,000 


30.000 


30,000 


35,000 


50,000 


OE-NIH 


12,075 


14,314 


15.756 


16.599 


4,675 


4,675 


5,929 


10,430 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


GR8.S 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


11,921 


26,738 


43,189 


80,930 


124,587 


155,826 



'Excludes Foreign Currency Programs. Figures in parentheses are allocations from OE-NIH (1952-53) and GR&S (1964-70). "Transition quarter" = 3-month period 
6/30/76 and new FY beginning 10/1/76. Excludes $65,454 thousand + $16,924 thousand to reflect cutbacks (P. L. 91-204 and P.L. 91-305). 



between old FY ending 
(Continued) 



15 



Table 12 (Cont.) 
NIH APPROPRIATIONS BY NIH COMPONENT. FISCAL YEARS 1950-1977 AND TRANSITION QUARTER" 
Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 
(In thousands of dollars) 



NIH 
component 


1964 


1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 


1969 


1970 f 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 


1976 


TQ 


1977 


Total 


$793,293 $831,091 


$979,931 


$1,045,956 $1,111,461 


$1,118,153 $1,061,007 $1,212,847 


$1,506,156 


$1 ,762,566 


$1,790,425 $2,092,897 $2,302,126 $439,107 


$2,530,778 


l/RD 


793,293 


831,091 


979.931 


1,045.956 


1,111 ,461 


1 ,099,993 


1,032,600 


1,182,504 


1,466,752 


1,713,455 


1 ,744,554 


2,043.721 


2.200.691 


427,143 


2,411,910 


NIA 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


19,288 


4,038 


30,000 


NIAID 


67.117 


69.847 


77,987 


90,670 


94,422 


96,840 


97,342 


102,368 


109.118 


113,414 


1 1 1 ,089 


119,452 


126,852 


27,638 


141.000 


NIAMOD 


107,699 


113,050 


123,203 


135.687 


143,954 


143,888 


131,761 


137,986 


153,337 


167,316 


153,561 


173,514 


179,516 


43,719 


209,000 


NCI 


143,194 


1 50,01 1 


163,768 


175.656 


183,356 


185,150 


181,454 


233.160 


378,794 


492,205 


527,486 


691,666 


761,727 


152,901 


815,000 


NICHD 


34,000 


42,696 


55,024 


64,922 


68,621 


73,126 


76,095 


94.760 


116,427 


130,429 


125,455 


142,435 


136,404 


24,201 


145,543 


NIDR 


19,166 


20,083 


23,677 


28,308 


30,307 


29,983 


28,754 


35,440 


43,388 


46,991 


43,959 


50,033 


51,291 


7,854 


55,573 


NIEHS 


- 


- 


- 


- 


17,289 


17,820 


17,423 


20,151 


26,436 


30,956 


28,397 


35,171 


37,660 


8,743 


49,141 


NEI 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


22,828 


30,032 


37,132 


38,562 


41,177 


44,133 


50.212 


9,519 


64,000 


NIGMS 


(107,881) (114,418) 


127,188 


145,113 


160,284 


163,514 


148.294 


160,194 


173,474 


183,171 


168,329 


187,400 


187.312 


34,078 


205,000 


NHLBI 


127,423 


124,824 


141,462 


164,770 


167,954 


166,928 


160,634 


194,925 


232.627 


300,000 


289,550 


324,630 


370.013 


58,763 


396,661 


NINCDS 


84,471 


87,821 


101,153 


116,296 


128,633 


128,935 


97,315 


103,502 


116,731 


130.672 


121,358 


142,498 


144.446 


34,272 


155,500 


FIC 


- 


- 


- 


- 


500 


600 


2,775 


3,666 


4,307 


4,666 


4,767 


5,589 


5.705 


1,135 


7,992 


OIR 


(5,423) 


(5,512) 


(5,998) 


(7,968) 


(14,105) 


(13.143) 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


GR&S 


154,223 


164.759 


60,469 


68,534 


81,141 


84,809 


67,925 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


DRR 


(40,919) 


(44.829! 


(51,7541 


(56,485) 


162,014) 


165,810) 


(63,565) 


66,320 


74,981 


75.073 


129,426 


127,200 


130.265 


20,282 


137,500 


HRF 


56,000 


58.000 


106,000 


56,000 


35,000 


8,400 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


DCRT/ED 


- 


- 


(2,7171 


(4,081) 


(5,022) 


(5,856) 


(4,360) 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


NLM 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


18,160 


19,251 


21,440 


24,127 


28,568 


25,871 


28,850 


29,065 


6,572 


35.234 


OD 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


7,541 


8,903 


11,712 


12,042 


12,000 


17,326 


18,370 


4,642 


16,234 


Bldgs. & fac. 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,615 


- 


3,565 


8,500 


8,000 


3.000 


54.000 


750 


67,400 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



16 



Table 13 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD AND PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 




Extramural operat 


ons 




Intram 


jral operations 


Disease 
control 




l/RD and program activity 


R8cD 


grants 


R8.D 
contracts 


Research training 


Lab. & din. 
research 


Other 
direct 


Program 
manage- 
ment 


Construc- 
tion 




Regular 


Special 


NRSA 


Other 




Total l/RD 


$2,185,528 


$909,302 


$357,825 


$367,921 


$57,545 


$62,453 


$215,901 


$116,272 


$17,117 


$56,471 


$24,721 


NIA 


19,221 


9.981 


42 


838 


525 


1.225 


5,447 


760 


403 


- 


- 


Aging 


12,611 


9.981 


42 


838 


525 


1,225 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural lab. & clinical research 


5.447 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5.447 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Other direct operations 


760 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


760 


- 


- 


- 


Program management 


403 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


403 


- 


- 


NIAID 


125,563 


70,691 


5.020 


10.638 


3,780 


4,029 


24,425 


5,839 


1,141 


- 


- 


Immunology; immunologic & allergic diseases 


34,940 


28,479 


1,351 


2,182 


1,718 


1,210 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Microbiology & infectious diseases 


59,218 


42,212 


3,669 


8,456 


2,062 


2,819 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural lab. & clinical research 


24,425 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


24,425 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Other direct operations 


5,839 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5,839 


- 


- 


- 


Program management 


1,141 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,141 


- 


- 



Total NIH 


$2,238,410 


l/RD 


2,185,528 


NLM 


27,014 


OD 


18,334 


Bldg. & fac. 


7,534 



(Continued) 



17 



Table 13 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD AND PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Extramural operations 


Intramural operat 


ons 


Disease 
control 




l/RD and program activity 


R&D 


grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research 


training 


Lab. & din. 
research 


Other 
direct 


Program 
manage- 
ment 


Construc- 
tion 




Regular 


Special 


NRSA 


Other 




NIAMOD 


$ 174,933 


$125,976 


$ 6,885 


$ 5,947 


S 896 


$ 983 


$ 26,228 


$ 7,224 


$ 794 


- 


- 


Arthritis, bone, & skin diseases 


26,735 


25,421 


419 


618 


161 


116 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Diabetes, endocrinology, & metabolism 


53,267 


48,253 


3,516 


746 


342 


410 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Digestive diseases & nutrition 


31.406 


26,690 


2,666 


1,538 


200 


312 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Kidney diseases, urology, & hematology 


29,279 


25,612 


284 


3,045 


193 


145 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural lab. & clinical research 


26,228 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


26,228 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Other direct operations 


7,224 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


7,224 


- 


- 


- 


Program management 


794 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


794 


- 


- 


NCI 


760,548 


152,284 


159,855 


221.318 


11,867 


6.293 


71,382 


50.264 


6.093 


$56,471 


$24,721 


Research 


606,075 


152,284 


107,807 


221.318 


- 


- 


71,382 


45,945 


5,767 


1.572 


- 


Cause & prevention 


207,331 


33,932 


33,748 


105.708 


- 


- 


21,641 


10,368 


1.934 


- 


- 


Detection & diagnosis 


46,406 


6,451 


5.077 


20,561 


- 


- 


7,301 


6,315 


701 


- 


- 


Treatment 


240.808 


63,905 


50,176 


77,260 


- 


- 


27,930 


18.076 


1,889 


1.572 


- 


Cancer biology 


111.530 


47,996 


18.806 


17,789 


- 


- 


14,510 


11,186 


1,243 


- 


- 


Resource development 


98.245 


- 


52,048 


- 


11,867 


6,293 


- 


3.133 


183 


- 


24,721 


Cancer centers support 


42,438 


- 


41,107 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,252 


79 


- 


- 


Research manpower 


30,311 


- 


10,941 


- 


11,867 


6,293 


- 


1,143 


67 


- 


- 


Construction 


25,496 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


738 


37 


- 


24,721 


Cancer control 


56,228 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1.186 


143 


54,899 


- 



18 



Table 13 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD AND PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 




Extra 


mural operations 




Intramural operations 


l/RD and program activity 


R&D 


grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research 


training 


Lab. & din. 
research 


Other 
direct 


Program 




Regular 


Special 


NRSA 


Other 


ment 


NICHD 


$ 135,873 


$ 78,695 


$ 7,315 


$ 18,748 


$ 3,581 


$ 5,927 


$ 13,661 


$ 6,675 


$ 1,271 


Research for mothers & children 


67,116 


48,839 


6,801 


4,700 


2,248 


4,528 


- 


- 


- 


Population 


47,150 


29,856 


514 


14,048 


1,333 


1,399 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural lab. & clinical research 


13,661 


- 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


13.661 


- 


- 


Other direct operations 


6,675 


- 


- 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


6,675 


- 


Program management 


1,271 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,271 


NIDR 


50,690 


18,820 


8,322 


4,549 


2,081 


2,978 


8,955 


3,977 


1,008 


Caries 


8,682 


4,230 


154 


2,473 


198 


48 


- 


1,579 


- 


Periodontal & soft tissue diseases 


6,155 


3,915 


140 


833 


421 


846 


- 


- 


- 


Restorative materials 


3,505 


2,159 


93 


465 


319 


469 


- 


- 


- 


Craniofacial anomalies 


7,622 


5,413 


490 


405 


451 


863 


- 


- 


- 


Pain control & behavioral studies 


1,716 


1,032 


67 


15 


144 


458 


- 


- 


- 


Soft tissue, stomatology, & nutrition 


3,503 


2,071 


232 


358 


548 


294 


- 


- 


- 


Dental research institutes 


7,146 


- 


7.146 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural lab. & clinical research 


8,955 


- 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


8,955 


- 


- 


Other direct operations 


2,398 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2,398 


- 


Program management 


1,008 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,008 



(Continued) 



19 



Table 13 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD AND PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 




Extramural operat 


ons 




Intramural operations 


l/RD and program activity 


R&D 


grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research 


training 


Lab. & din. 
research 


Other 
direct 


Program 




Regular 


Special 


NRSA 


Other 


ment 


NIEHS 


$ 36,787 


$ 13,466 


$ 5,534 


$ 3,179 


$ 811 


$ 933 


$ 10,918 


$ 1,093 


$ 853 


Environmental health science centers 


5,287 


- 


5,287 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


Environmental mutagenesis & reprod. toxicology 


2,586 


1,605 


_ 


1,063 


_ 


18 


_ 


_ 


_ 


Etiology of environmental diseases & disorders 


6,716 


5,477 


46 


778 


177 


238 


_ 


- 


- 


Environmental pharmacology & toxicology 


7,920 


5,382 


201 


1,154 


549 


634 


_ 


_ 


_ 


Environmental pathogenesis 


1,414 


1,102 


- 


184 


85 


43 


_ 


- 


- 


Intramural lab. & clinical research 


10,918 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


10,918 


- 


- 


Other direct operations 


1,093 


- 


_ 


- 


_ 


- 


_ 


1,093 


_ 


Program management 


853 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


853 


NEI 


50,089 


34,342 


1,050 


2,237 


2,863 


1,779 


5,174 


1.942 


702 


Retinal & choroidal diseases 


16,101 


12,245 


567 


2,139 


806 


344 


_ 


- 


- 


Corneal diseases 


6,910 


5,895 


130 


- 


312 


573 


_ 


- 


- 


Cataract 


4,205 


3,686 


72 


- 


95 


352 


- 


- 


- 


Glaucoma 


6,494 


5,368 


105 


98 


507 


416 


_ 


- 


- 


Sensory-motor disorders & rehabilitation 


8,561 


7,148 


176 


- 


1,143 


94 


_ 


_ 


_ 


Intramural lab. & clinical research 


5,174 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


_ 


5,174 


_ 


- 


Other direct operations 


1,942 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


_ 


_ 


1,942 


_ 


Program management 


702 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


702 



(Continued) 



20 



Table 13 (Cont.) 
IMIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD AND PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 




Extramural operati 


ons 




Intramural operat 


ons 


l/RD and program activity 


R81D 


grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research 


training 


Lab. & din. 
research 


Other 
direct 


Program 




Regular 


Special 


NRSA 


Other 


ment 


NIGMS 


$ 186,945 


$112,662 


$ 24,944 


$ 1,464 


$15,203 


$25,642 


$ 


$ 5,796 


$ 1,234 


Cellular & molecular basis of disease 


62,860 


39,050 


3,018 


46 


8,446 


12,300 


- 


- 


- 


Genetics 


55,744 


41,488 


7,939 


370 


3,008 


2,939 


- 


- 


- 


Pharmacology -toxicology 


24,626 


14,113 


5,465 


204 


2,305 


2,539 


- 


- 


- 


Clinical & physiological sciences 


18,439 


6,384 


5,766 


- 


971 


5,318 


- 


- 


- 


Biomedical engineering 


18,030 


11,607 


2,756 


844 


398 


2,425 


- 


- 


- 


Minority access to research careers 


216 


20 


- 


_ 


75 


121 


- 


- 


- 


Other direct operations 


5,796 


- 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5,796 


- 


Program management 


1,234 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,234 


NHLBI 


368,564 


211,016 


5,406 


83,722 


11,367 


9,192 


29,568 


16,791 


1,502 


Heart & vascular diseases 


216,449 


136,816 


2,037 


65,814 


6,004 


5,778 


- 


- 


- 


Lung diseases 


51,453 


35,808 


2,737 


7,275 


3,106 


2,527 


- 


- 


- 


Blood diseases & resources 


52,801 


38,392 


632 


10,633 


2.257 


887 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural lab. & clinical research 


29,568 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


29,568 


- 


- 


Other direct operations 


16,791 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


16,791 


- 


Program management 


1,502 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,502 



(Continued) 



21 



Table 13 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD AND PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Extramural operations 


Intramural operat 


ons 


l/RD and program activity 


R&D 


grants 


R&D 

contracts 


Research 


training 


Lab. & din. 
research 


Other 

direct 


Program 




Regular 


Special 


NRSA 


Other 


manage- 
ment 


NINCOS 


$ 140,393 


$ 81,369 


$ 9,687 


$ 11,146 


$ 4,460 


$ 3,250 


$ 20,143 


$ 9,059 


$ 1,279 


Communicative disorders 


18,986 


16,178 


798 


499 


841 


670 


- 


- 


- 


Neurological disorders 


51,397 


36,723 


4,041 


5,366 


3,142 


2,125 


- 


- 


- 


Stroke, nervous system trauma 


16,601 


1 1 ,422 


4,545 


430 


3 


201 


- 


- 


- 


Fundamental neurosciences 


19,537 


17,046 


303 


1,460 


474 


254 


- 


_ 


- 


Intramural lab. & clinical research 


23,534 


- 


- 


3,391 


_ 


- 


20,143 


- 


- 


Other direct operations 


9,059 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


9,059 


- 


Program management 


1,279 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,279 


ORR 


130,256 


- 


122,904 


4,135 


112 


222 


- 


2,284 


599 


Clinical research 


42,694 


- 


42,137 


557 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Biotechnology research 


12,269 


- 


1 1 ,982 


287 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Lab. animal sciences & primate research 


20,843 


- 


18,218 


2,291 


112 


222 


- 


- 


- 


Biomedical research support grants 


42,957 


- 


42,957 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Minority biomedical support grants 


7,610 


- 


7,610 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Chem. biological info. -handling research 


1,000 


- 


- 


1,000 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Other direct operations 


2,284 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2,284 


- 


Program management 


599 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


599 


FIC 


5.666 


- 


860 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4,568 


238 


Gorgas memorial laboratory 


860 


- 


860 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Scholars 


2,085 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2,085 


- 


Other direct operations 


2,483 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2,483 


- 


Program management 


238 


- 





- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


238 



22 



Table 14 

NLM OBLIGATIONS BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM AND ORGANIZATION, 

FISCAL YEAR 1976 AND TRANSITION QUARTER* 

(In thousands of dollars) 



Function/mechanism 


Total 


Extramural 
Programs 


Library 
Operations 


Specialized 
Information 

Services 
(Toxicology) 


National 

Medical 

Audiovisual 

Center 


Lister Hill 

National Center 

for Biomedical 

Communications 


Office 

of the 

Director 










FISCAL YEAR 1976 






Total 


$27,014 


$7,151 


$9,729 


$1,559 


$2,695 


$1,475 


$4,405 


Biomedical communications 

Medical library assistance grants 
Intramural programs 
Contracts 


21,801 

3,622 

12,738 

5,441 


6,343 
3,622 

2,721 


9,729 

8,510 
1,219 


1,559 

1,282 
277 


2,695 

2,046 
649 


1,475 

900 
575 


- 


Program management 
Program direction 
Review & approval 


5,213 

4,405 

808 


808 
808 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4,405 
4,405 










TRANSITION QUARTER' 






Total 


8,429 


1,495 


2,908 


175 


2,036 


877 


938 


Biomedical communications 

Medical library assistance grants 
Intramural programs 
Contracts 


7,311 

674 

4,312 

2,325 


1,315 
674 

641 


2,908 

2,361 
547 


175 

132 
43 


2,036 

1,419 
617 


877 

400 
477 


- 


Program management 
Program direction 
Review & approval 


1,118 
938 
180 


1R0 
180 


- 


- 


- 


- 


938 
938 



'Transition quarter" = 3-month period between old FY ending 6/30/76 and new FY beginning 10/1/76. 



Table 15 

NIH OBLIGATIONS BY INSTITUTE AND RESEARCH DIVISION, FISCAL YEARS 1965-1976 AND TRANSITION QUARTER* 

IN CURRENT AND CONSTANT DOLLARS (In millions) Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferrred Out 



23 



Fiscal 
year 


All 
l/RDs* 


NIA 


NIAID 


NIAMDD 


NCI 


NICHD 


NIDR 


NIEHS 


NEI 


NIGMS 


NHLBI 


NINCDS 


DRR 


FIC 


















CURRENT DOLLARS 














1965 


$ 831.5 


$ - 


$ 69.8 


$112.7 


$147.8 


$ 42.2 


$ 20.3 


$ - 


$ _ 


$113.7 


$123.4 


$ 87.9 


$107.8* 


$ 5.2 




1966 


926.0 


- 


77.7 


121.6 


161.3 


54.5 


23.5 


5.0 


- 


127.1 


140.2 


100.2 


107.6* 


5.3 




1967 


1.024.5 


- 


89.3 


133.1 


170.4 


64.4 


28.2 


12.4 


- 


145.8 


163.6 


112.5 


95.4* 


6.2 




1968 


1 ,075.2 


- 


90.4 


139.3 


177.3 


66.8 


29.3 


16.7 


- 


156.1 


162.1 


122.0 


99.5* 


11.0 




1969 


1,066.0 


- 


92.6 


140.3 


182.4 


71.2 


29.6 


17.9 


21.5 


160.1 


161.9 


104.6 


65.3 


13.1 




1970 


1,029.8 


- 


97.1 


131.5 


181.3 


76.0 


28.7 


17.3 


22.8 


148.1 


160.3 


97.2 


62.6 


2.7 




1971 


1,180.6 


- 


102.1 


137.9 


232.9 


94.7 


35.2 


20.1 


30.0 


159.8 


194.8 


103.4 


66.2 


3.4 




1972 


1,465.6 


- 


109.0 


153.3 


378.6 


116.5 


43.3 


26.4 


36.9 


173.3 


232.6 


116.4 


75.0 


4.2 




1973 


1 ,483.5 


- 


103.0 


142.8 


431.2 


111.2 


40.9 


26.1 


34.4 


154.0 


255.7 


107.4 


72.8 


3.9 




1974 


1,945.2 


- 


120.8 


177.4 


581.0 


144.1 


50.0 


32.1 


45.2 


188.6 


327.3 


143.5 


130.15 


5.0 




1975 


2,056.9 


- 


119.4 


173.6 


699.3 


142.4 


50.0 


35.9 


43.7 


189.5 


327.8 


142.4 


127.1S 


5.7 




1976 


2.185.5 


19.2 


125.6 


174.9 


760.5 


135.9 


50.7 


36.8 


50.1 


186.9 


368.6 


140.4 


130.3 s 


5.7 




TQ 


439.6 


4.0 


28.9 


48.2 


153.9 


24.4 


8.3 


9.5 


9.2 


33.7 


59.8 


38.3 


20.3 s 


1.1 


Biomedical 
















CONSTANT DOLLARS 












R&D deflator 


1965 


831.5 


_ 


69.8 


112.7 


147.8 


42.2 


20.3 


_ 


_ 


113.7 


123.4 


87.9 


107.8* 


5.2 


100.0 


1970 


812.1 


- 


76.5 


103.7 


143.0 


59.9 


22.6 


13.6 


18.0 


116.8 


126.4 


76.6 


49.3 


22 


126.8 


1971 


879.7 


- 


76.0 


102.8 


173.5 


70.6 


26.2 


15.0 


22.3 


119.1 


145.2 


77.1 


49.3 


2.5 


134.2 


1972 


1,040.5 


- 


77.4 


108.9 


268.8 


82.7 


30.7 


18.7 


26.2 


123.1 


165.1 


82.7 


53.2 


3.0 


140.9 


1973 


1,005.2 


- 


69.8 


96.8 


292.2 


75.9 


27.7 


17.7 


23.3 


104.4 


173.3 


72.7 


49.4 


2.6 


147.6 


1974 


1,239.2 


- 


77.0 


113.0 


370.1 


91.8 


31.9 


20.5 


28.8 


120.1 


208.5 


91.4 


82.95 


3.2 


157.0 


1975 


1.184.4 


- 


68.8 


99.9 


402.7 


82.0 


28.8 


20.7 


25.2 


109.1 


188.8 


82.0 


73.25 


3.3 


173.7 


1976 


1,176.4 


10.3 


67.6 


94.1 


409.4 


73.2 


27.3 


19.8 


27.0 


100.6 


198.4 


75.6 


70.1 s 


3.0 


185.8 


TQ 


235.5 


2.1 


15.5 


25.8 


82.4 


13.1 


4.4 


5.1 


4.9 


18.1 


32.1 


20.5 


10.9 s 


0.6 


186.7 



'Excludes NLM, OD. Buildings & Facilities, and Foreign Currency Programs. Constant dollars based on revised NIH Biomedical R&D Deflator (1965 = 100). ^Total (only) includes ED (1965-69) 
and DCRT (1965-70), which are no longer separately budgeted, f Includes HRF. ^Contains all GRS programs, formerly spread among l/RDs (but 1973 GRS funds released in 1974 are spread). 



24 



Table 16 
NIH AWARDS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1963-1976 AND TRANSITION QUARTER* 

(Dollars in millions) 





Total 
amount 


Institutes and Research Divisions 




Fiscal 
year 


R&D 


Construction 
grants 


Research training 


NLM 


Research grants* 


Research 
program 


career 
awards 


R&D contracts 


Individual 
awards 


Institutional 
grants 


awards 




Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


1963 


$ 590.8 


13,395 


$ 381.4 


773 


$12.5 


385 


$ 35.8 


173 


$51.3 


2,912 


$19.5 


2,132 


$ 90.2 




1964 


669.9 


13,514 


440.7 


993 


17.2 


477 


39.9 


125 


53.9 


2,860 


19.8 


2,243 


98.5 




1965 


736.1 


13,389 


472.6 


1,049 


19.5 


397 


46.2 


117 


64.9 


3,198 


22.3 


2,374 


110.7 




1966 


809.8 


13.319 


528.6 


1,188 


22.6 


514 


50.7 


84 


58.7 


3,587 


24.7 


2,568 


124.4 




1967 


899.9 


13,937 


593.3 


1,246 


25.1 


688 


82.2 


72 


42.3 


3,575 


25.3 


2,411 


131.7 




1968 


957.0 


12,947 


620.2 


1,267 


26.8 


928 


88.9 


50 


41.1 


3,592 


27.6 


2,405 


132.0 


$20.3 


1969 


945.5 


12,276 


621.2 


1,254 


27.9 


812 


94.6 


20 


21.5 


3,842 


29.7 


2,373 


138.4 


12.2 


1970 


881.4 


11,203 


596.6 


1,179 


27.6 


854 


96.2 


3 


0.5 


2,806 


22.7 


2,164 


127.9 


9.7 


1971 


1,005.4 


10.959 


671.7 


1,167 


28.0 


1,167 


143.0 


- 


- 


2,718 


23.8 


2,111 


129.1 


9.7 


1972 


1,253.6 


11,412 


797.8 


1,156 


27.7 


1,381 


215.6 


17 


44.1 


2,264 


21.5 


2,024 


136.1 


10.8 


1973 


1,241.2 


11,223 


811.6 


1,087 


25.9 


1,522 


243.9 


20 


33.5 


1.233 


12.2 


1,696 


103.1 


11.1 


1974 


1,680.5 


13,364 


1,075.9 


958 


23.5 


1,882 


349.9 


9 


31.7 


2,267 


30.6 


2,922 


155.9 


13.0 


1975 


1,735.3 


13.398 


1,119.1 


1,104 


26.9 


2,074 


390.9 


12 


30.0 


2,056 


27.8 


1.739 


129.0 


11.6 


1976 


1,830.5 


14,264 


1,248.5 


1,024 


25.6 


1,976 


404.1 


14 


20.0 


1,653 


23.2 


1,339 


98.8 


10.3 


TO.* 


349.5 


3,914 


256.2 


180 


3.9 


441 


70.3 


3 


3.5 


676 


8.3 


140 


4.4 


3.0 



"Excludes Scientific Evaluation Grants ($6.2 million in FY 1976) and programs transferred out of NIH. t Contains GRS programs, including NIMH portion thru FY 1974. 
^Contains some actions that are mere increases in FY 1976 awards. 



25 



Table 17 
NIH AWARDS BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 
amount 


R&D 


Research training 


NIH 
component 


Research grants 


Research career 
program awards 


R&D 


contracts 


NRSA 


Pre-NRSA 


Individual 
awards 


Institutional 
grants 


Individual 
awards 


Institutional 
grants 




Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Total 


$1,830,505"* 


14,264 


$1,248,469 


1,024 


$25,596 


1,976 


$404,107 


1,072 


$14,857 


499 


$42,651 


581 


$8,377 


840 


$56,164 


NIA 


12,526 


122 


9,911 


3 


42 


9 


823 


12 


171 


4 


354 


10 


139 


10 


1,086 


NIAID 


93,371 


1,126 


72,986 


93 


2,381 


113 


10,194 


158 


2,152 


31 


1,628 


27 


427 


59 


3,602 


NIAMDD 


140,688 


1,939 


129,291 


118 


2,900 


72 


6,485 


24 


329 


15 


696 


63 


822 


7 


164 


NCI 


623,032* 


2,905 


318,855 


136 


3,264 


1,109 


262,751 


94 


1,677 


89 


10,190 


99 


1,536 


44 


4,759 


NICHD 


113,710 


1,130 


84,415 


60 


1,497 


160 


18,290 


114 


1,706 


20 


1,875 


48 


787 


68 


5,140 


NIDR 


35,795 


357 


26,230 


33 


781 


57 


3,720 


40 


543 


19 


1,538 


19 


270 


44 


2,714 


NIEHS 


25,453 


197 


20,181 


10 


209 


23 


3,318 


2 


30 


7 


781 


16 


253 


10 


680 


NEI 


42,124 


639 


34,359 


36 


906 


25 


2,236 


75 


1,035 


32 


1,825 


10 


133 


27 


1,629 


NIGMS 


179,237 


1,895 


131.214 


245 


5,950 


9 


1.227 


133 


1,654 


154 


13,539 


74 


887 


425 


24,766 


NHLBI 


310,683 


2,038 


208,597 


196 


5,534 


284 


76,138 


192 


2,562 


105 


8,661 


43 


695 


93 


8,496 


NINCDS 


109,060 


1,175 


88,208 


93 


2,106 


69 


1 1 ,044 


225 


2,952 


22 


1,498 


14 


336 


49 


2,917 


DRR 


129,764 


741 


124,222 


1 


25 


25 


5,183 


3 


45 


1 


67 


- 


11 


4 


211 


FIC 


2,080 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


158 


2,080 


- 


- 


OTHERt 


2,698 


- 


- 


- 


- 


21 


2,698 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 



"Total (only) contains NLM grants ($3.5 million) and contracts ($6.8 million). T Contains $20 million in construction grants, ^Includes CC, DCRT, DRS, and OD. 



26 



Table 18 
NIH AWARDS BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, TRANSITION QUARTER* 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


R&D 




Research 


training 


NIH 


Research 
grants 


Research 

career program 

awards 


R&O 
contracts 


NRSA 


Pre-NRSA 


component 


Individual 
awards 


Institutional 
grants 


Individual Institutional 
awards grants 


Total 


$349,539tt 


$256,180 


$3,882 


$70,343 


$7,026 


$3,828 


$1,292 $536 


NIA 


2,342 


2,217 


22 


- 


73 


- 


30 


NIAID 


21,118 


17,990 


411 


1,921 


708 


- 


88 


NIAMDD 


39,263 


28.831 


1,699 


5,554 


1,093 


1,871 


217 


NCI 


116,363* 


64,947 


174 


44,552 


1,996 


953 


241 


NICHD 


18,475 


15,037 


51 


2.756 


77 


196 


65 294 


NIDR 


4,165 


3,178 


- 


380 


131 


310 


25 140 


NIEHS 


7,237 


6,439 


- 


595 


53 


25 


60 65 


NEI 


7,127 


5,817 


153 


963 


129 


15 


35 16 


NIGMS 


31,701 


29,746 


847 


- 


1,045 


- 


62 


NHLBI 


46,698 


36,952 


435 


8,625 


579 


63 


24 21 


NINCDS 


29,727 


26,837 


91 


1,308 


1,102 


349 


40 


DRR 


19,694 


18,190 


- 


1,417 


41 


46 


- 


FIC 


404 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


404 


OTHERS 


2,272 


- 


- 


2,272 


- 


- 


- 



"'Transition quarter" = 3-month period between old FY ending 6/30/76 and new FY beginning 10/1/76. Contains some actions that are mere increases in FY 
1976 awards. 'Total (onlyl contains NLM grants ($641 thousand) and contracts ($2.3 million). *Contains $3.5 million in construction grants. Slncludes CC, 
DCRT, DRG, DRS, and 00. 



Table 19 

NIH AWARDS BY STATE AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(In thousands of dollars) 



27 





Total 


Institutes and Research Divisions 






R&D 


Cancer 




Researcr 


training 




NLM 
awards 


State 








NRSA 


Pre 


NRSA 






Research 
grants 


Research career 
program awards 


R81D 
contracts 


construction 
















grants 


Individual 


Institutional 


Individual 


Institutional 
















awards 


grants 


awards 


grants 




Total 


$1,830,505 


$1,248,469 


$25,596 


$404,107 


$20,000 


$14,857 


$42,651 


$8,377 


$56,164 


$10,284 


U.S. Total 


1,815,372 


1,244,168 


25,596 


394,052 


20,000 


14.163 


42,651 


8,294 


56,164 


10,284 


Alabama 


25,862 


15,732 


319 


8,744 


_ 


82 


401 


50 


359 


176 


Alaska 


620 


620 


- 


- 


_ 


- 


_ 


_ 


- 


_ 


Arizona 


7,397 


5,374 


97 


1,570 


- 


120 


40 


11 


185 


- 


Arkansas 


2,301 


1,342 


25 


834 


- 


_ 


_ 


3 


97 


- 


California 


246,478 


179,904 


3,009 


42,496 


- 


2,859 


5,923 


1,574 


9,634 


1,079 


Colorado 


20,381 


16,429 


473 


1,615 


_ 


353 


710 


143 


655 


3 


Connecticut 


43,835 


34,238 


609 


4,616 


- 


620 


1,168 


168 


2,391 


26 


Delaware 


1,717 


1,131 


- 


586 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


- 


Dist. of Col. 


23,339 


12,331 


50 


9,646 


- 


56 


- 


14 


282 


960 


Florida 


26,733 


20,522 


396 


4,178 


- 


220 


630 


69 


718 


- 


Georgia 


20,485 


14,123 


442 


4,689 


- 


156 


123 


81 


554 


316 


Hawaii 


8,731 


3,940 


67 


1.968 


2,635 


16 


- 


5 


55 


45 


Idaho 


832 


391 


22 


419 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Illinois 


70,942 


49,755 


1,348 


11,972 


1,105 


448 


2,391 


246 


3,359 


320 


Indiana 


17,704 


14,038 


363 


1.439 


- 


134 


636 


81 


972 


42 



(Continued) 



28 



Table 19 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS BY STATE AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Institutes and Research Divisions 






R&D 


Cancer 


Research training 


NLM 


State 








NRSA 


Pre -NRSA 






Research 


Research career 


R&D 


construction 
























grants 


program awards 


contracts 


grants 


Individual Institutional 
awards grants 


Individual 
awards 


Institutional 
grants 




Iowa 


$ 14,671 


$ 10,705 


$ 258 


S 2,601 


$ 


$ 125 $ 727 


$ 2 


$ 161 


$ 93 


Kansas 


1 1 ,076 


9,151 


294 


1,003 


- 


34 197 


45 


339 


13 


Kentucky 


6,382 


4,268 


32 


1.847 


- 


46 35 


13 


76 


64 


Louisiana 


14,294 


10,912 


220 


2,417 


- 


79 209 


9 


433 


15 


Maine 


3,918 


3,125 


29 


697 


- 


13 


22 


7 


24 


Maryland 


137,339 


36,794 


971 


91,316 


1,173 


925 1,586 


856 


1,951 


1,765 


Massachusetts 


173,491 


124,442 


2,563 


25,830 


6,889 


1 ,894 4,649 


930 


5,745 


550 


Michigan 


42,407 


28,925 


379 


9,509 


256 


425 839 


196 


1,690 


189 


Minnesota 


46,828 


29,466 


439 


13,671 


- 


291 1.149 


251 


1,309 


252 


Mississippi 


4,010 


2,903 


25 


931 


- 


13 39 


1 


97 


- 


Missouri 


42,297 


32,622 


814 


5,152 


- 


273 1,576 


60 


1,611 


189 


Montana 


699 


567 


74 


57 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


Nebraska 


6,394 


2,259 


54 


3,757 


- 


- 


3 


- 


321 


Nevada 


239 


61 


- 


178 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


New Hampshire 


5,114 


3,856 


104 


1,019 


- 


23 


16 


97 


- 


New Jersey 


18,511 


9,555 


212 


7.191 


_ 


176 711 


106 


387 


172 


New Mexico 


7,377 


5,758 


162 


1,431 


- 


27 


- 


- 


- 


New York 


254,111 


201.720 


3,477 


27,198 


4,718 


1.611 6,388 


1,064 


7,134 


800 


North Carolina 


54,319 


38.032 


1,087 


9.390 


- 


466 2,707 


368 


2,120 


149 


North Dakota 


459 


365 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


86 


7 



(Continued) 



Table 19 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS BY STATE AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(In thousands of dollars) 



29 





Total 


Institutes and Research Divisions 






R&D 


Cancer 


Research 


training 




NLM 
awards 


State 








NRSA 


Pre 


NRSA 






Research 


Research career 


R&D 


construction 
























grants 


program awards 


contracts 


grants 


Individual Institutional 
awards grants 


Individual 
awards 


Institutional 
grants 




Ohio 


$ 49,780 


$ 30,776 


$ 570 


$ 14,579 


$ 


$ 139 $ 607 


S 201 


$ 2,010 


$ 899 


Oklahoma 


6,583 


4,300 


67 


1,859 


_ 


18 67 


3 


235 


34 


Oregon 


18,075 


15,093 


313 


1,832 


_ 


113 83 


56 


585 


- 


Pennsylvania 


107,711 


82,381 


1,818 


15,693 


_ 


703 2,734 


408 


3,283 


691 


Rhode Island 


5,212 


4,559 


92 


377 


- 


39 105 


40 


- 


- 


South Carolina 


5,209 


3,905 


75 


1,172 


_ 


3 


15 


40 


_ 


South Dakota 


344 


321 


18 


_ 


_ 


- _ 


- 


_ 


5 


Tennessee 


26,767 


22,476 


488 


1,823 


_ 


114 639 


91 


1,122 


16 


Texas 


80,859 


57,288 


1,290 


17,926 


_ 


523 1,421 


376 


1.619 


414 


Utah 


15,028 


10,816 


349 


3,141 


- 


91 133 


108 


391 


- 


Vermont 


6,817 


5,281 


118 


1,023 


- 


10 159 


38 


188 


- 


Virginia 


37,574 


13,489 


619 


21,276 


- 


280 583 


63 


939 


325 


Washington 


48,952 


34,604 


695 


7,069 


1,977 


353 1 ,208 


244 


2,513 


289 


West Virginia 


1,262 


934 


31 


191 


- 


88 


- 


12 


6 


Wisconsin 


39,682 


30,015 


536 


4,639 


1,247 


292 1,991 


264 


667 


32 


Wyoming 


406 


192 


47 


167 


_ 


- _ 


- 


_ 


- 


Puerto Rico 


3,656 


2,306 


56 


1,239 


- 


- 


- 


56 


- 


Pacific Trust Terr. 


83 


- 


- 


83 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Virgin Islands 


79 


79 


_ 


- 


_ 


_ 


_ 


- 


- 


Foreign 


15,133 


4,301 


- 


10,055 


- 


694 


83 


- 


- 



30 



Table 20 

NIH AWARDS BY PERFORMER AND FUNDING MECHANISM. FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 








Institutes and Resear 


h Divisions 












R81D 


CO 


Cancer 


Performer 


Total 
amount 


Research grams 


Researcl 
program 


career 
awards 


R&D contracts 


nstruction 
grams 




No. of 

inst." 


Amount 


Percent 


No. of 
inst." 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Num 


ber Amount 


Total 


1,173 


$1,830,505 


100.0% 


$1,678,172 


816 


14.264 


$1,248,469 


1,024 


$25,596 


1,976 


$404,107 


14 


S20.000 


Domestic 


1.041 


1,815,372 


99.2 


1,663.816 


744 


14,143 


1,244.168 


1,024 


25,596 


1,860 


394.052 


14 


20,000 


Nonprofit 


901 


1,677,486 


91.6 


1,528,198 


744 


14,143 


1.244.168 


1,024 


25,596 


1,553 


258,434 


14 


20,000 


Higher educationt 


391 


1,310.024 


71.6 


1.183.190 


387 


11.824 


1,000,168 


928 


23,212 


958 


159.810 


11 


11,393 


Medical schoolsf 


116 


891,485 


48.7 


807,977 


113 


7.177 


680,975 


630 


16,168 


686 


110,834 


8 


8,327 


Government 


113 


39.836 


2.2 


37,696 


67 


309 


25,025 


11 


271 


90 


1 2,400 


- 


- 


Federal 


38 


3,561 


0.2 


2.464 


21 


26 


1,674 


- 


- 


8 


790 


- 


- 


Research institutes 


7 


977 


0.1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Hospitals 


22 


1,613 


0.1 


1,584 


19 


24 


1,584 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Other 


9 


971 


0.1 


880 


2 


2 


90 


- 


- 


8 


790 


- 


- 


State and local 


75 


36,275 


2.0 


35,232 


46 


283 


23.351 


11 


271 


82 


11,610 


- 


- 


Research institutes 


5 


2,209 


0.1 


2,166 


4 


32 


1,918 


4 


100 


3 


148 


- 


- 


Hospitals 


33 


24.592 


1.3 


23,621 


27 


202 


18,275 


6 


146 


39 


5,200 


- 


- 


Other 


37 


9,474 


0.5 


9,444 


15 


49 


3,157 


1 


25 


40 


6,262 


" 


- 


Other nonprofit 


397 


327.626 


17.9 


307,312 


290 


2.010 


218,975 


85 


2,113 


505 


86,224 


3 


8,607 


Research institutes 


135 


186.620 


10.2 


173.686 


107 


978 


1 20,306 


36 


888 


287 


52,492 


3 


8,607 


Hospitals* 


160 


119.089 


6.5 


114,003 


122 


913 


89.713 


47 


1.181 


146 


23.109 


- 


- 


Other 


102 


21,916 


1.2 


19,623 


61 


119 


8.956 


2 


44 


72 


10.623 


- 


- 


Profit 


140 


137,886 


7.5 


135.617 


_ 


- 


_ 


_ 


_ 


307 


135,617 


_ 


- 


Research institutes 


59 


38.888 


2.1 


38.829 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


145 


38.829 


- 


- 


Other 


81 


98.999 


5.4 


96.788 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


162 


96,788 


- 


- 


Foreign 


132 


15,133 


0.8 


14,356 


72 


121 


4.301 


- 


- 


116 


10.055 


- 


- 



"Each individual organization, or separate branch of a university or college belonging to a State system of higher education, is counted separately. t Contains all hospitals owned by these institutions. ^/Contains joint 
schools of medicine and dentistry. ^Independent hospitals not owned by institutions classified as "higher education," "government," or "research institute." I1U.S. citizens and nationals training in foreign 
institutions. 

(Continued) 



Table 20 (Cont.l 

NIH AWARDS BY PERFORMER AND FUNDING MECHANISM. FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(Dollars in thousands) 



31 













nstitutes and Research Divisir 


ns 






NLM 








Research training 
























awards 




Performer 


Total 

amount 




NRSA 






Pre- NRSA 










Individual awards 


Inslit 


jtional grants 


Indiv 


idual awards 


Institut 


onal grants 








Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Numbe 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 
of inst." 


Amount 


Total 


$122,049 


1,072 


$14,857 


499 


$42,651 


581 


S8.377 


840 


$56,164 


164 


$10,284 


Domestic 


121.273 


1,023 


14,163 


499 


42,651 


575 


8.295 


840 


56.164 


164 


10.284 


Nonprofit 


121,273 


1,023 


14.163 


499 


42.651 


575 


8.295 


840 


56.164 


136 


8,015 


Higher education* 


110.489 


888 


12.345 


455 


39,234 


483 


7,031 


782 


51.879 


86 


4,952 


Medical schools? 


71.626 


514 


7.19? 


317 


26,374 


299 


4,390 


489 


33,663 


56 


3,557 


Government 


2.016 


58 


716 


6 


302 


43 


587 


7 


411 


4 


124 


Federal 


1.020 


47 


547 


- 


- 


36 


473 


- 


- 


1 


77 


Research institutes 


977 


45 


519 


- 


- 


35 


458 


- 


_ 


- 


_ 


Hospitals 


28 


2 


27 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Other 


14 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


14 


- 


- 


1 


77 


State and local 


996 


11 


169 


6 


302 


7 


114 


7 


411 


3 


47 


Research institutes 


43 


2 


28 


- 


- 


1 


15 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Hospitals 


923 


9 


137 


5 


282 


6 


98 


6 


406 


3 


47 


Other 


30 


- 


5 


1 


20 


- 


- 


1 


5 


- 


- 


Other nonprofit 


8,768 


77 


1.102 


38 


3.116 


49 


677 


51 


3,873 


46 


2.939 


Research institutes 


3,471 


43 


604 


15 


1.671 


29 


375 


14 


821 


7 


856 


Hospitals* 


4,920 


31 


456 


22 


1,330 


19 


284 


34 


2.850 


14 


166 


Other 


376 


3 


41 


1 


115 


1 


17 


3 


203 


25 


1.917 


Profit 


- 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


28 


2.269 


Research institutes 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


1 


59 


Other 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


27 


2,210 


Foreign 


777 


49ll 


694II 


~ 


— 


6ll 


8311 


~ 


~ 


~ 


~ 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



32 



Table 21 

NIH AWARDS TO DOMESTIC INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

BY MAJOR COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM. FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 




Institutes and Research Divisions 




R&D 


Cancer 




Major component 
















construction 








Total 
amount 


Research grants 


Research career 
program awards 


R&D 


contracts 


grants 


























Amount 


Percent 




Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Numbe 


Amount 


(Total • all institutions) 


($1,830,505) 




($1,678,172) 


(14.264) 


($1,248,469) 


(1,024) 


($25,596) 


(1,976) 


($404,107) 


(14) 


($20,000) 


Total - higher education 


1.310,024 


100.0% 


1,183,190 


11.824 


1,000.168 


928 


23,212 


958 


159,810 


11 


11,393 


Health professional components 


1,016,478 


77.6 


922,850 


8,091 


758,505 


691 


17,677 


816 


146.668 


8 


8,327 


Medical schools* 


891.485 


68.1 


807,977 


7,177 


680.975 


630 


16,168 


686 


110,834 


8 


8,327 


Public health 


46,655 


3.6 


42,777 


199 


21,625 


12 


312 


33 


20,840 


- 


— 


Dentistry 


24,728 


1.9 


21,494 


264 


19,241 


22 


527 


25 


1,725 


— 


- 


Hospitalst 


24,939 


1.9 


24,472 


111 


17,082 


6 


151 


26 


7,239 


— 


— 


Veterinary medicine 


13,385 


1.0 


12,234 


145 


10,009 


6 


147 


13 


2,078 


— 


_ 


Pharmacy 


10,407 


0.8 


9,346 


154 


7,606 


10 


239 


17 


1,501 


- 


— 


Other 


4,877 


0.4 


4,551 


41 


1,966 


5 


133 


16 


2,452 


- 


- 


Schools of A&S and graduate schools 


194,740 


14.9 


171,628 


2.796 


160,155 


202 


4,712 


75 


6,762 


1 


90 


Other components 


98,806 


7.5 


88,713 


937 


81.508 


35 


823 


67 


6,381 


2 


2,976 


Organized research units 


26,092 


2.0 


22,097 


167 


20.613 


4 


87 


14 


1,397 


2 


2,976 


Engineering 


21,442 


1.6 


18,931 


233 


16,557 


16 


387 


24 


1,988 


— 


— 


Agriculture 


18,002 


1.4 


16,629 


279 


14,440 


8 


181 


11 


1,008 


— 


— 


Primate centers 


8,344 


0.6 


8,322 


20 


7,966 


1 


21 


8 


336 


- 


— 


University-wide 


15.824 


1.2 


15,824 


175 


15,751 


- 


— 


1 


74 


— 


— 


Other 


9.103 


0.7 


7,909 


63 


6,181 


6 


148 


9 


1,580 


— 


— 



"Contains joint schools of medicine and dentistry. ^Hospitals owned by institutions of higher education. 



(Continued) 



Table 21 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS TO DOMESTIC INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

BY MAJOR COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

(Dollars in thousands) 



33 





Institutes and Research Divisions 








Research training 




Major component 




NRSA 






Pre-NRSA 




NLM 




Total 
amount 


















awards 




Indivi 


dual awards 


Institut 


onal grants 


Individua 


awards 


Institutional grants 






Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


(Total - all institutions) 


($122,049) 


(1,072) 


($14,857) 


(499) 


($42,651) 


(581) 


($8,377) 


(840) 


($56,1641 


($10.2841 


Total - higher education 


110,489 


888 


12,345 


455 


39,234 


483 


7,031 


782 


51.879 


4,952 


Health professional components 


81,542 


566 


7,955 


366 


30,282 


344 


5,073 


561 


38,232 


3,758 


Medical schools* 


71.626 


514 


7,199 


317 


26,374 


299 


4,390 


489 


33,663 


3,557 


Public health 


3,877 


13 


193 


23 


1.780 


17 


261 


22 


1.643 


1 


Dentistry 


3,141 


18 


262 


12 


1,146 


16 


236 


24 


1,497 


93 


Hospitals* 


467 


3 


33 


3 


422 


1 


12 


— 


- 


— 


Veterinary medicine 


1,144 


12 


182 


4 


208 


6 


95 


11 


659 


7 


Pharmacy 


1.061 


2 


30 


6 


330 


2 


39 


12 


662 


— 


Other 


226 


4 


56 


1 


22 


3 


40 


3 


108 


100 


Schools of A&S and graduate schools 


22,562 


269 


3,654 


67 


6,928 


119 


1,657 


165 


10,323 


461 


Other components 


6,383 


53 


736 


22 


2,023 


20 


301 


56 


3,324 


733 


Organized research units 


954 


14 


201 


5 


267 


6 


85 


7 


401 


64 


Engineering 


2,422 


21 


276 


7 


466 


7 


95 


25 


1.585 


88 


Agriculture 


2,346 


12 


174 


8 


1,172 


6 


102 


18 


899 


26 


Primate centers 


22 


1 


19 


— 


— 


— 


3 


— 


— 


— 


University-wide 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Other 


639 


5 


66 


2 


118 


1 


16 


6 


439 


554 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



34 



Table 22 

NIH AWARDS BY NIH COMPONENT AND PERFORMER, FISCAL YEAR 1976 

On thousands of dollars) 





Total 








Domestic nonprofi 


t institutions 








Domestic profit institutions 




NIH 


Total 




Higher 


ducation 




Research 
institutes 


Hospitals 


Other 


Total 


Research 
institutes 


Other 


Foreign 


component 


Total 


Medical 
schools" 


Other health 

professional 

schools 


Other 


Total 


$1,830,505 


$1,677,486 


$1,310,024 


$891,485 


$124,992 


$293,546 


$189,807 


$145,293 


$32,362 


$137,886 


$38,888 


$98,999 


$15,133 


l/RD 


1,820,221 


1,669,471 


1,305,072 


887,928 


124,791 


292,352 


188,951 


145,080 


30.368 


135,617 


38,829 


96,789 


16.133 


NIA 


12,526 


12,074 


10,113 


5,416 


887 


3,811 


1,504 


331 


126 


425 


- 


425 


28 


NIAIO 


93,371 


91,636 


75,547 


49,455 


7,011 


19,081 


8,485 


6.103 


1,503 


946 


900 


47 


788 


NIAMDD 


140,688 


138,799 


113,112 


88,980 


3,593 


20,539 


8,206 


16,913 


568 


955 


309 


646 


934 


NCI 


623,032 


500,296 


318,857 


237.339 


37,274 


44,244 


108,476 


55.830 


17,133 


113,100 


30,088 


83,012 


9.636 


NICHO 


113,710 


111,573 


89,887 


52,950 


7,457 


29,480 


12,021 


7,995 


1,670 


1,228 


791 


437 


909 


NIDR 


35,795 


34.815 


30,087 


6.516 


20,341 


3,230 


2,551 


545 


1,632 


740 


321 


419 


240 


NIEHS 


25,453 


23,879 


21,055 


10.101 


3,945 


7,010 


2,483 


315 


26 


1,477 


1,120 


357 


96 


NEI 


42,124 


41,869 


34.904 


25,143 


1,322 


8,439 


3,747 


2,957 


261 


- 


- 


- 


255 


NIGMS 


179,237 


178,296 


165,821 


82,094 


4,704 


79,023 


8,065 


3,713 


696 


405 


324 


81 


537 


NHLBI 


310,683 


298,708 


248,144 


195,608 


27,386 


25,150 


17,454 


29,918 


3,193 


10,935 


2,537 


8,398 


1,040 


NINCDS 


109,060 


106,716 


92,172 


71,006 


3,557 


17,610 


4,836 


8,844 


863 


1,680 


1,563 


118 


664 


DRR 


129,764 


126,946 


103,271 


62,024 


7,220 


34,027 


10,422 


11,627 


1,726 


2.818 


818 


2,000 


- 


FIC 


2,080 


2,073 


1,658 


1,271 


95 


292 


310 


90 


15 


- 


- 


- 


7 


OTHER* 


2,698 


1,791 


445 


27 


- 


418 


390 


- 


956 


907 


57 


850 


- 


NLM 


10,284 


8,015 


4,952 


3,557 


201 


1,194 


856 


213 


1,994 


2.269 


59 


2,210 


- 



"Contains joint schools of medicine and dentistry. ^Includes all nonprofit hospitals not owned by schools or research institutes, tlncludes CC, DCRT, DRS, and OD. 



M 



35 



Table 23 

NIH AWARDS TO U.S. MEDICAL SCHOOLS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, 

FISCAL YEARS 1967-1976* 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 
amount 


Institutes and Research Divisions 




Fiscal 
year 


R&D 


Construction 
grants 


Research training 


NLM 
awards 


Research grants 


Research career 
program awards 


R&D contracts 


Individual 
awards 


Institutional 
grants 




Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Amount 


1967 
1968 
1969 
1970 
1971 
1972 
1973 
1974 
1975 
1976 


$435,727 
466,532 
465,896 
431,906 
479,600 
566,064 
636.459 
851,197 
873.620 
891,485 


6,907 $303,772 
6,508 323,143 
6,236 329,507 
5.794 318.574 
5.731 363,928 
5,842 435,333 
5.731 447.226 
6,668 588,948 
6,728 620,610 
7,177 680,975 


916 $18,842 
932 20,080 
877 20.116 
805 19,349 
777 19,265 
747 18,573 
687 17,004 
625 15,854 
685 17,330 
630 16,168 


NA NA 
NA NA 
NA NA 
NA NA 
NA NA 
NA NA 
527 $ 74.388 
688 110.695 
733 118,583 
686 110,834 


31 $18,541 

25 21,525 

10 12,535 

1 24 

4 11,292 
9 18,310 

5 14,525 

7 17,029 

8 8,327 


1,142 $ 8,923 

1,197 10,497 

1.320 11,581 

992 9.143 

1,031 10,271 

917 9,377 

524 5,518 

1.107 15,370 

981 13,436 

813 11,589 


1,539 $ 84.188 

1.565 84,630 

1.566 89,763 
1,440 83,882 
1,425 85,052 
1,361 89.979 
1.135 69,437 
1,911 100,655 
1,127 82.054 

806 60,037 


$1,461 
6.657 
2,394 
933 
1,085 
1.611 
4,674 
5,150 
4,578 
3.557 



"Contains joint schools of medicine and dentistry. 



36 



Table 24 
NIH SUPPORT OF CLINICAL TRIALS ACTIVE IN FISCAL YEAR 
BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNCTION/MECHANISM 
(Dollars in thousands) 



1975, 





Number 
of trials 


Support 

prior to 

1975 


1975 support 


NIH 
component 


Total 


Extramural 




Total 


Research R&D 


Grants & 


Intramural^ 










grants contracts* 


contracts 




Total 


755 


$209,110 


$87,818 


$80,553 


$25,144 $52,528 


$2,881 


$7,265 


NIAID 


109 


5,452 


3,091 


2,779 


1,268 1,511 


- 


312 


NIAMDD 


49 


18,315 


3,366 


2,715 


1,784 931 


- 


650 


NCI 


405 


43,521 


26,541 


24,064 


14,008 7,453 


2,603 


2,477 


NICHD 


41 


9,707 


3,856 


3,355 


1,321 1,837 


197 


502 


NIDR 


44 


4,876 


1,718 


1,054 


821 233 


- 


664 


NEI 


20 


7,324 


3,070 


2,891 


787 2,104 


- 


179 


NIGMS 


2 


154 


56 


56 


56 


- 


- 


NHLBI 


26 


111,550 


42,698 


42,197 


4,300 37,816 


80 


502 


NINCDS 


59 


8,212 


3,423 


1,443 


799 643 


- 


1,980 



"Includes interagency agreements without intramural support. ^Includes interagency agreements with intramural support. 



37 



Figure 3 
NIH COMPETING RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS REVIEWED BY COUNCILS, 

FISCAL YEARS 1967-1976* 



12,000 




NUMBER OF APPLICA TIONS 






10,000 




/ ^ 
/ 


8,000 
6,000 


>^ 


REVIEWED. / 

RECOMMENDED • 
FOR APPROVAL V S 


4,000 




AWARDED^ / \ 


2,000 









■ 


i i i i ill 



$1,000 



800 



DOLLARS IN MILLIONS^ 



600- 



400- 



200- 



A 

/N 



AMOUNT REQUESTED 



/ 



/ 



/ 



/ 



RECOMMENDED ' "*^ 

FOR APPROVAL s 




1967 '68 '69 '70 71 72 73 74 75 76 1967 '68 '69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 

'All years include RCPAs; exclude NLM, originals of amended applications, and applications awarded for budget periods of 24 months or more. Direct costs only. 



38 



Table 25 
AWARD RATES FOR NIH COMPETING RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS BY NIH COMPONENT, 

FISCAL YEARS 1967 AND 1976* 





Number 


Amount ( 


n thousands of dollars)1 


NIH 
component 


Reviewed by 
councils 


Percent 
recommended 
for approval 


Percent of 
council 

recommendations 
awarded 


Requested in 

reviewed 
applications 


Percent 
recommended 
for approval 


Percent of 

council 

recommendations 

awarded 




1967 


1976 


1967 1976 


1967 1976 


1967 1976 


1967 1976 


1967 1976 


Total 


8,536 


10,254 


66.2% 70.0% 


81.5% 54.9% 


$331,553 $770,851 


55.8% 51.2% 


83.1% 64.7% 


NIA 


- 


204 


55.4 


27.4 


13,731 


39.6 


29.5 


NIAID 


905 


811 


71.2 77.9 


85.7 30.8 


26,447 41,435 


65.0 62.8 


88.2 45.0 


NIAMDD 


1,652 


1,143 


66.3 74.1 


83.0 55.4 


51,216 70,044 


58.1 55.2 


84.4 61.1 


NCI 


837 


2,337 


61.2 65.1 


81.8 59.5 


38,608 233,532 


52.4 46.0 


85.9 69.2 


NICHD 


782 


986 


54.1 64.9 


81.1 43.8 


30,074 60,670 


43.5 49.2 


81.1 53.8 


NIDR 


247 


329 


53.8 54.1 


83.7 60.7 


11,252 15,386 


59.6 41.7 


77.0 61.5 


NIEHS 


78 


215 


66.7 52.1 


90.0 35.7 


4,935 13,900 


44.8 40.4 


94.6 55.0 


NEI 


- 


292 


85.3 


70.0 


15,874 


68.5 


68.4 


NIGMS 


1,472 


1,307 


73.2 79.0 


63.6 64.3 


60,463 83,939 


56.8 54.2 


72.2 71.6 


NHLBI 


1,285 


1,623 


61.6 73.1 


86.5 64.2 


53,336 131,209 


51.2 52.0 


88.0 68.7 


NINCDS 


1,119 


877 


71.3 66.8 


93.5 43.7 


36,381 53,746 


61.9 49.9 


90.9 59.0 


DRR 


84 


130 


72.6 63.8 


83.3 79.5 


18,617 37,383 


61.7 63.3 


78.7 78.0 


FIC 


75 


- 


89.3 


97.0 


225 


100.8 


90.9 



*Excludes NLM, applications 
subsequent to council review, 
rates of recommendations for 



with later amendments, and applications withdrawn prior to council review. Includes applications withdrawn 
Includes RCPAs. Applications awarded for budget periods of 24 months or more are included in computing 
approval but not award rates. ^Direct costs only. 



39 



Figure 4 
NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY TYPE, FISCAL YEARS 1967-1976* 



NUMBER OF AWARDS 




J I I l l L 



$1,000 



800 



600 



400 



DOLLARS IN MILLIONS 



/ 



/ 



/ 



CONTINUATION 



.S 



NEW, 

RENEWAL, 
SUPPLEMENTAL, 




1967 '68 '69 '70 '71 72 73 74 75 76 



1967 '68 '69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 



"Excludes NLM. Includes RCPAs. All GRS programs (except "Minority biomedical support grants") are included under "Continuations." 



40 



Table 26 
NIH COMPETING AND NONCOMPETING RESEARCH GRANTS BY KIND AND TYPE, FISCAL YEAR 1976" 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 


Competing grants 


Noncompeting grants 
























Kind of grant 








view 


Renewal 


Supplemental 


Continuation 


Supplemental 




Number^ 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


1 Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Numberl 


Amount 


Total 


15,533 


$1,274,065 


2,441 


$161,092 


1,534 


$175,133 


167 


$8,573 


10,707 


$903,940 


6S4 


$25,328 


Research projects 


12,911 


757,600 


2,108 


120,430 


1,394 


104,388 


127 


6,008 


8,704 


516,807 


578 


9,967 


Traditional 


11,988 


688,334 


1,834 


105,817 


1,309 


95,638 


111 


3,518 


8,261 


476,868 


473 


6,493 


Cooperative clinical research 


281 


23,521 


15 


893 


37 


3,931 


14 


2,372 


125 


13,220 


90 


3,104 


National organ site projects 


196 


14,090 


47 


2,904 


33 


2,597 


1 


37 


108 


8,418 


7 


135 


Other 


446 


31,655 


212 


10,816 


15 


2,223 


1 


81 


210 


18,300 


8 


235 


Research career program awards 


1,027 


26,596 


227 


5,414 


7 


175 


2 


29 


783 


19,969 


8 


9 


Program projects and centers 


1,064 


439,316 


102 


34,865 


130 


70,277 


32 


2,308 


710 


316,878 


90 


14,989 


Research program projects 


518 


213,506 


48 


22,180 


64 


35,754 


19 


1,359 


352 


149,362 


35 


4,849 


Specialized centers of research 


181 


80.634 


15 


7,324 


21 


9,923 


7 


205 


110 


54,934 


28 


8,249 


Center core grants 


100 


57,947 


12 


2,233 


10 


7,559 


4 


335 


67 


46,829 


7 


990 


General clinical research centers 


87 


42,137 


1 


277 


17 


9,240 


- 


- 


69 


32,620 


- 


- 


Animal resources 


70 


17,622 


12 


1,452 


8 


6,302 


- 


- 


45 


9,566 


5 


302 


Comprehensive centers of research 


20 


12,169 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


18 


12.123 


2 


47 


Biotechnology resources 


49 


11,976 


2 


617 


6 


1.122 


1 


309 


33 


9,752 


7 


176 


Exploratory grants 


39 


3,325 


12 


782 


4 


376 


1 


99 


16 


1,691 


6 


377 


General research support programs 


531 


51,552 


4 


383 


3 


293 


6 


227 


510 


50,287 


8 


362 


Biomedical research support grants 


441 


42,757 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


441 


42,757 


- 


- 


Minority biomedical support grants 


90 


8,795 


4 


383 


3 


293 


6 


227 


69 


7,530 


8 


362 



"Excludes NLM. Each supplemental gram is counted separately 



41 



Table 27 
AVERAGE AMOUNT OF NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY NIH COMPONENT AND KIND OF GRANT, 

FISCAL YEARS 1970 AND 1976* 





Total 






Research 


projects 






Program 
and ce 




NIH 

component 


Total 


Tradit 


onal 


Othe 


r 


Drojects 
iters 




1970 


1976 


1970 


1976 


1970 


1976 


1970 


1976 


1970 


1976 


Total t 


$ 56,214 


$ 89,471 


$37,279 


$61,221 


$36,868 


$59,800 


$49,152 


$ 81,430 


$274,521 


$449,920 


NIA 


- 


85,430 


- 


53,871 


- 


53,871 


- 


- 


- 


255,497 


NIAID 


39,432 


65,197 


37,775 


60,948 


35,759 


58,725 


62,232 


91,855 


266,644 


214,346 


NIAMDD 


37,303 


67,820 


33,513 


60,346 


33,389 


60,409 


44,748 


47,471 


187,809 


318,129 


NCI 


66,028 


113,218 


49,559 


72,657 


49,963 


65,489 


47,662 


98,982 


310,818 


597,818 


NICHD 


48,892 


77,261 


36,124 


58,974 


36,298 


58,939 


19,828 


62,899 


224,614 


316,888 


NIDR 


67,916 


74,609 


33,212 


46,806 


33,212 


55, 1 55 


- 


1 3, 1 58 


257,633 


587,419 


NIEHS 


78,019 


102,862 


30,616 


56,693 


30,616 


55,534 


- 


155,810 


292,723 


502,225 


NEI 


41,201 


57,663 


34,728 


54,023 


34,822 


55,887 


1,000 


8,182 


130,833 


185,753 


NIGMS 


60,829 


70,005 


41,277 


55,143 


41,432 


55,699 


14,485 


10,570 


310,472 


401,802 


NHLBI 


54,351 


106,187 


38,781 


63,185 


38,861 


63,789 


14,748 


44,558 


378,727 


623,406 


NINCDS 


37,602 


76,101 


30,163 


54,855 


30,245 


55,079 


13,538 


15,029 


188,615 


357,808 


DRRt 


172,733 


171,140 


61,838 


71,624 


61,838 


51,379 


- 


182,973 


291,829 


369,317 



*Excludes NLM, RCPAs, and supplements to prior- 
programs (with an average amount of $123,241 for 



year awards. Supplements 
FY 1970 and $99,661 for 



to current-year awards are 
FY 1976) are included in 



combined with parent grant. tGRS 
computing DRR and NIH averages. 



42 



Table 28 

DIRECT AND INDIRECT COSTS AWARDED FOR NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY PERFORMER, 

FISCAL YEARS 1970, 1972, 1974, AND 1976* 

(In thousands of dollars) 





1970 


1972 


1974 


1976 


Performer 


Total 


Direct 


Indirect 


Total 


Direct 


Indirect 


Total 


Direct 


Indirect 


Total 


Direct 


Indirect 




cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


Total 


$538,971 


$430,235 


$108,736 


$742,617 


$582,056 


$160,561 


$989,479 


$752,645 


$236,834 


$1,196,917 


$889,545 


$307,371 


Public 


243,419 


192,608 


50,810 


337,776 


263,272 


74,505 


446.322 


341,519 


104,803 


527,640 


400,070 


127,570 


Private 


295,553 


237,627 


57,926 


404,841 


318,785 


86,056 


543,157 


411,126 


132,031 


669,276 


489,475 


179,801 


Higher education 


434,572 


345,675 


88,897 


608,845 


474,005 


134,840 


797,972 


603,925 


194,047 


958,820 


710,517 


248,303 


Public 


227,911 


179,823 


48,087 


318,986 


247,933 


71,053 


420,573 


320,733 


99,840 


501,615 


378,841 


122,774 


Private 


206,661 


165,852 


40,810 


289,859 


226,072 


63,787 


377,398 


283,192 


94,207 


457,206 


331,676 


125,529 


Research institutes 


42,389 


33,674 


8,715 


58,185 


45,640 


12,545 


89,592 


66,245 


23,347 


117,755 


83,826 


33,930 


Public 


1,960 


1,586 


373 


2,300 


1,803 


497 


1,989 


1,543 


446 


1,981 


1.548 


433 


Private 


40,428 


32,087 


8,341 


55,885 


43,837 


12,048 


87,604 


64,702 


22,901 


115,774 


82,277 


33,497 


Independent hospitals* 


53,271 


43,180 


10.090 


66,393 


54,486 


11,906 


90,393 


72,498 


17,895 


104,570 


81,681 


22,888 


Public 


10,304 


8,181 


2,123 


13,681 


11,032 


2,649 


19,507 


15,561 


3,945 


19,003 


15,295 


3,708 


Private 


42,967 


34,999 


7,967 


52,712 


43,455 


9,257 


70,886 


56,937 


13,949 


85,567 


66,386 


19,180 


Other 


8,740 


7,706 


1,034 


9,195 


7,925 


1,270 


11,522 


9,977 


1,546 


15,772 


13,521 


2,250 


Public 


3,244 


3,017 


227 


2,809 


2,504 


305 


4,253 


3.682 


572 


5.042 


4,386 


656 


Private 


5,497 


4,689 


808 


6,385 


5,421 


964 


7,269 


6,295 


974 


10,730 


9,135 


1,594 



'Excludes NLM, RCPAs, and GRS programs. ^Includes hospitals not owned by institutions shown above. 



43 



Table 29 

GRANTEE EXPENDITURES FROM NIH RESEARCH GRANT FUNDS BY NIH COMPONENT 

AND KIND OF GRANT AND BY TYPE OF EXPENDITURE. FISCAL YEAR 1973* 

(Dollars in thousands) 







Direct cost expenditures 




NIH component 
and kind of grant 


Total 
expenditures 


Total 
amount 


Percent distribution 








Total 


Personnel 


- Patient 
Consultants 

care cost 


Travel 


Equip- 
ment 


Supplies 


Altera- 
tions 


Other 


Amount 


Percent 
ot total 


Percent 
of direct 


Total 


S80S.009 


$634,463 


100.0% 


64.0% 


0.5% 3.7% 


1.3% 


8.5% 


15.0% 


0.7% 


6.4% 


$170,547 


21.2% 


26.9% 


l/HD 


804,049 


633.719 


100.0 


64.0 


0.5 3.7 


1.3 


8.5 


1S.0 


0.7 


6.4 


170,330 


21.2 


26.9 


MAID 


58,912 


44,933 


100.0 


65.0 


0.1 0.3 


1.5 


6.9 


21.0 


0.1 


5.2 


13.979 


23.7 


31.1 


NIAMDO 


89,693 


67,946 


100.0 


67.6 


2 1.2 


1.4 


6.8 


17.9 


0.1 


5.0 


21 .747 


24.2 


32.0 


NCI 


150,959 


117.571 


100.0 


62.8 


1.6 4.1 


1.5 


6.9 


15.8 


1.6 


5.8 


33.388 


22.1 


28.4 


NICHD 


60,055 


45.354 


100.0 


70.0 


0.5 0.2 


1.4 


6.8 


14.6 


0.3 


6.1 


14.701 


24.5 


32.4 


NIDR 


20,616 


15,218 


1OO.0 


72.9 


0.4 0.1 


1.7 


5.7 


14.5 


0.1 


4.7 


5,398 


26.2 


35.5 


NIEHS 


12.600 


9,392 


100.0 


72.7 


0.2 0.0 


1.6 


5.8 


14.5 


0.1 


5.1 


3.208 


25.5 


34.2 


NEI 


21.896 


16,310 


100.0 


69.4 


0.4 0.4 


1.6 


8.2 


15.2 


0.0 


4.7 


5.586 


25.5 


34.2 


NIGMS 


92.401 


70.019 


100.0 


63.6 


0.2 0.2 


1.3 


9.8 


17.6 


0.5 


6.7 


22.382 


24.2 


32.0 


NHLBI 


134.319 


103,982 


100.0 


64.0 


0.3 1.8 


1.4 


8.4 


14.3 


0.2 


9.5 


30.337 


22.6 


29.2 


NINCDS 


59.020 


44,662 


100.0 


66.4 


0.3 0.4 


1.5 


10.5 


15.3 


0.5 


5.1 


14.358 


24.3 


32.1 


ORR 


103.574 


98,331 


100.0 


55.6 


0.3 15.5 


0.7 


11.9 


8.4 


1.3 


6.3 


5,243 ' 


5.1' 


5.3* 


NLM 


960 


745 


100 


73.0 


2.0 0.0 


3.0 


4.0 


7.5 


0.0 


10.5 


216 


22.5 


29.0 


Total 


$805,009 


$634,463 


100.0% 


64.0% 


0.5% 3.7% 


1.3% 


8.5% 


15.0% 


0.7% 


6.4% 


$170,547 


21.2% 


26.9% 


Research projects' 


459.605 


348,675 


100.0 


66.2 


0.3 0.4 


1.7 


7.9 


17.8 


0.1 


5.6 


110.930 


24.1 


31.8 


Program protects and centers 


307,961 


248.344 


100.0 


61.7 


0.8 8.9 


0.9 


7.4 


11.3 


1.4 


7.7 


59.616 


19.4 


24.0 


GRS programs 


37.444 


37,444 


100.0 


58.2 


0.7 0.1 


1.1 


20.6 


13.1 


1.2 


5.1 


_T 


_t 





'Unobligated balances of the previous year are included, and those of the current year are excluded. Contains supplements to current-year awards regardless of when funded. Indirect costs are 
not paid on GRS programs. ' Excludes RCPAs. 



44 



Table 30 
NIH SUPPORT FOR POSITIONS FUNDED FROM FISCAL YEAR 1974 RESEARCH GRANTS BY OCCUPATIONAL CATEGORY* 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 


Research projects 


Program projects and centers 


Occupational 


Number 

of 
grants 


Number of 
funded positions 


Salary 

paid from 

grants 


Number 

of 
grants 


Number of 
funded positions 


Salary 

paid from 

grants 


Number 

of 
grants 


Num 
funded 


aer of 

positions 


Salary 




Total 


Average 
per 
grant 


Total 


Average 

per 

grant 


Total 


Average 

per 

grant 


paid from 
grants 


Total 


11,522 


84.290 


7.3 


$424,580 


10,630 


59,731 


5.6 


$268,945 


892 


24,559 


27.5 


$155,635 


Faculty 


7,265 


14,371 


2.0 


119,062 


6,489 


9,548 


1.5 


71,429 


776 


4,823 


6.2 


47,633 


Nonfaculty (professional) 


5,181 


12,087 


2.3 


86,334 


4,578 


8,501 


1.9 


57,833 


603 


3,586 


5.9 


28,501 


In training status 


4,467 


10,865 


2.4 


38,625 


4,133 


9,542 


2.3 


32,967 


334 


1,323 


4.0 


5,658 


Clinical support 


430 


1,944 


4.5 


12,309 


260 


650 


2.5 


2,855 


170 


1,294 


7.6 


9,453 


Technical staff 


8,623 


30,296 


3.5 


126,953 


7,847 


21,703 


2.8 


82,761 


776 


8,593 


11.1 


44,192 


Clerical & administrative 


4,606 


9,716 


2.1 


32,222 


3,859 


6,183 


1.6 


16,334 


747 


3,533 


4.7 


15,887 


Other staff 


1,706 


5,011 


2.9 


9,076 


1,447 


3,604 


2.5 


4,765 


259 


1,407 


5.4 


4,310 



"Includes NLM. Excludes RCPAs, GRS programs, foreign grants, supplemental awards, and fringe benefits. Includes individuals supported for short periods. 



45 



Table 31 
NUMBER OF PERSONS IN NIH RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAMS BY NIH COMPONENT AND ACADEMIC LEVEL, FISCAL YEARS 1975 AND 1976* 



J 1975 




Total 




Indi 


idual award 


s 




Institutional grants 




Total 


Pre- 
doctoral 


Postdoctoral 


Total 


Pre- 
doctoral 


Postdoctoral 


Total 


Pre- 
doctoral 


Postdoctoral 




Total 


M.D.* 


Ph.D.' 


Total 


M.D. f 


Ph.D.* 


Total 


M.D. f 


Ph.D.* 


| TOTAL 


| Total 


13.083 


7,195 


5.888 


2.797 


3.091 


2,109 


26 


2.083 


441 


1,642 


10.974 


7,169 


3,805 


2,356 


1,449 


1 NIA 


5 


_ 


5 


_ 


5 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


5 


_ 


5 


_ 


5 


1 NIAID 


757 


312 


445 


181 


264 


214 


- 


214 


44 


170 


543 


312 


231 


137 


94 


■ NIAMDD 


640 


45 


595 


411 


184 


194 


— 


194 


71 


123 


446 


45 


401 


340 


61 


1 NCI 


1,578 


599 


979 


352 


627 


373 


- 


373 


49 


324 


1.205 


599 


606 


303 


303 


■ NIDB 


319 


96 


223 


144 


79 


60 


— 


60 


26 


34 


259 


96 


163 


118 


45 


NIEHS 


313 


220 


93 


5 


88 


32 


— 


32 


2 


30 


281 


220 


61 


3 


58 


NEI 


238 


49 


189 


72 


117 


75 


— 


75 


17 


58 


163 


49 


114 


55 


59 


NIGMS 


6,030 


4.854 


1,176 


373 


803 


436 


25 


411 


22 


389 


5,594 


4.829 


765 


351 


414 


NICHD 


967 


602 


365 


122 


243 


139 


— 


139 


24 


115 


828 


602 


226 


98 


128 


NHLBI 


1,195 


291 


904 


567 


337 


204 


— 


204 


65 


139 


991 


291 


700 


502 


198 


NINCDS 


872 


126 


746 


454 


292 


229 


— 


229 


21 


208 


643 


126 


517 


433 


84 


DRR 


18 


- 


18 


18 


— 


2 


— 


2 


2 


— 


16 


— 


16 


16 


— 


FIC 


151 


1 


150 


98 


52 


151 


1 


150 


98 


52 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


NRSA 


Total 


3.280 


1.127 


2,153 


465 


1.688 


1,354 


- 


1,354 


206 


1,148 


1,926 


1,127 


799 


259 


540 


NIA 


5 


_ 


5 


_ 


5 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


5 


_ 


5 


- 


5 


NIAID 


190 


- 


190 


32 


158 


177 


— 


177 


27 


150 


13 


— 


13 


5 


8 


NIAMDD 


213 


7 


206 


104 


102 


120 


— 


120 


39 


81 


93 


7 


86 


65 


21 


NCI 


697 


206 


491 


77 


414 


246 


— 


246 


31 


215 


451 


206 


245 


46 


199 


NIDR 


62 


4 


58 


27 


31 


42 


— 


42 


17 


25 


20 


4 


16 


10 


6 


NIEHS 


64 


21 


43 


2 


41 


18 


- 


18 


1 


17 


46 


21 


25 


1 


24 


NEI 


117 


14 


103 


18 


85 


64 


_ 


64 


14 


50 


53 


14 


39 


4 


35 


NIGMS 


1,200 


790 


410 


43 


367 


273 


_ 


273 


11 


262 


927 


790 


137 


32 


105 


NICHD 


132 


28 


104 


22 


82 


74 


— 


74 


8 


66 


58 


28 


30 


14 


16 


NHLBI 


356 


52 


304 


118 


186 


136 


_ 


136 


43 


93 


220 


52 


168 


75 


93 


NINCDS 


243 


5 


238 


21 


217 


203 


- 


203 


14 


189 


40 


5 


35 


7 


28 


DRR 


1 


- 


1 


1 


- 


1 


- 


1 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 



'Funded in FY shown, but majority training in following year. 
equivalent academic doctorate. 



Contains equivalent health-professionals and persons holding both M.D. and Ph.D. or equivalent, ^Contains persons with 

(Continued) 



46 



Table 31 (Cont.) 
NUMBER OF PERSONS IN NIH RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAMS BY NIH COMPONENT AND ACADEMIC LEVEL, FISCAL YEARS 1975 AND 1976* 











1976 










Total (est.) 


Individual awards 


Institutional grants (est.) 


component 


Total 


Pre- Post- 
doctoral doctoral 


Total 


Pre- 

doctoral 


Postdoctoral 


Total 




Total M.D. r Ph.D.* 


doctoral doctoral 



Total 


10.546 


5,403 


5,143 


1,723 


14 


1,709 


371 


1,338 


8,823 


5.389 


3,434 


NIA 


141 


84 


57 


22 


_ 


22 


_ 


22 


119 


84 


35 


NIAID 


575 


138 


437 


188 


- 


188 


41 


147 


387 


138 


249 


NIAMDD 


335 


22 


313 


87 


— 


87 


17 


70 


248 


22 


226 


NCI 


1.408 


548 


860 


195 


— 


195 


29 


166 


1,213 


548 


665 


NIDR 


354 


77 


277 


59 


_ 


59 


27 


32 


295 


77 


218 


NIEHS 


194 


110 


84 


18 


- 


18 


2 


16 


176 


110 


66 


NEI 


295 


61 


234 


90 


— 


90 


15 


75 


205 


61 


144 


NIGMS 


4.448 


3,654 


794 


222 


14 


208 


14 


194 


4.226 


3,640 


586 


MICHD 


789 


437 


352 


165 


— 


165 


31 


134 


624 


437 


187 


NHLBI 


1,211 


201 


1,010 


240 


- 


240 


73 


167 


971 


201 


770 


NINCDS 


609 


71 


538 


266 


- 


266 


17 


249 


343 


71 


272 


DRR 


19 


— 


19 


3 


— 


3 


3 


- 


16 


— 


16 


FIC 


163 


- 


168 


168 


- 


168 


102 


66 


- 


- 


- 



Total 


4,770 


1,927 


2,843 


1,116 


- 


1,116 


203 


913 


3,654 


1,927 


1,727 


NIA 


34 


3 


31 


12 


_ 


12 


_ 


12 


22 


3 


19 


NIAID 


248 


_ 


248 


161 


- 


161 


38 


123 


87 


— 


87 


NIAMDD 


260 


19 


241 


24 


— 


24 


3 


21 


236 


19 


217 


NCI 


978 


407 


571 


94 


_ 


94 


17 


77 


884 


407 


477 


NIDR 


157 


28 


129 


40 


_ 


40 


18 


22 


117 


28 


89 


NIEHS 


68 


28 


40 


2 


- 


2 


1 


1 


66 


28 


38 


NEI 


196 


29 


167 


80 


— 


80 


15 


65 


116 


29 


87 


NIGMS 


1.483 


1,205 


278 


134 


- 


134 


6 


128 


1,349 


1,205 


144 


NICHD 


274 


96 


178 


117 


- 


117 


19 


98 


157 


96 


61 


NHLBI 


697 


95 


602 


197 


- 


197 


67 


130 


500 


95 


405 


NINCDS 


366 


17 


349 


252 


- 


252 


16 


236 


114 


17 


97 


DRR 


9 


- 


9 


3 


- 


3 


3 


- 


6 


- 


6 



See footnotes at beginning of table 



47 



Table 32 
NIH PERSONNEL BY TYPE OF OCCUPATION AND DEGREE HELD AND BY PAY SYSTEM, SEPTEMBER 30, 1976* 





Tot 


al 


Permanent full-time 


Othe 
perm 
full- 


than 


Type of occupation 
and degree held 


Total 


Civil 


service 


Commi 
officer 


ssioned 
corps 


Staff fellows & 
visiting scientists 


inent 
time 




Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


1 1 ,903 


100% 


10,879 


91 .4% 


9,376 


78.8% 


1,026 


8.6% 


477 


4.0% 


1,024 


8.6% 


Doctorate 


2,353 


100 


2,257 


95.9 


989 


42.0 


845 


35.9 


423 


18.0 


96 


4.1 


M.D.* 


1,017 


100 


980 


96.4 


189 


18.6 


715 


70.3 


76 


7.5 


37 


3.6 


Ph.D. 


1,197 


100 


1,141 


95.3 


749 


62.6 


53 


4.4 


339 


28.3 


56 


4.7 


Other 


139 


100 


136 


97.8 


51 


36.7 


77 


55.4 


8 


5.7 


3 


2.2 


Other than doctorate 


9,550 


100 


8,622 


90.3 


8,387 


87.8 


181 


1.9 


54 


0.6 


928 


9.7 


Professional & scientific 


4,393 


100 


4,112 


93.6 


2,615 


59.5 


1,020 


23.2 


477 


10.9 


281 


6.4 


M.D. f 


1,017 


100 


980 


96.4 


189 


18.6 


715 


70.3 


76 


7.5 


37 


3.6 


Ph.D. 


1,184 


100 


1,128 


95.3 


737 


62.3 


52 


4.4 


339 


28.6 


56 


4.7 


Other doctorate 


135 


100 


133 


98.5 


48 


35.6 


77 


57.0 


8 


5.9 


2 


1.5 


Other 


2,057 


100 


1,871 


91.0 


1,641 


79.8 


176 


8.6 


54 


2.6 


186 


9.0 


Sub- professional & tech. support 
M.D. f 


1,739 


100 


1,599 


91.9 


1,599 


91.9 


- 


- 


- 


- 


140 


8.1 


Ph.D. 

Other doctorate 


2 


100 


1 


50.0 


1 


50.0 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1 


50.0 


Other 


1.737 


100 


1,598 


92.0 


1,598 


92.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


139 


8.0 


Admin., clerical & office services 
M.D.t 
Ph.D. 


4,477 


100 


3,960 


88.5 


3,954 


88.3 


6 


0.1 


- 


- 


517 


11.5 


13 


100 


13 


100.0 


12 


92.3 


1 


7.7 


_ 


— 


_ 


_ 


Other doctorate 


2 


100 


2 


100.0 


2 


100.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


— 


— 


Other 


4,462 


100 


3,945 


83.4 


3,940 


88.3 


5 


0.1 


- 


- 


517 


11.6 


Plant operation & maintenance 


1,294 


100 


1,208 


93.4 


1,208 


93.4 


- 


_ 


- 


- 


86 


6.6 


Other 


1,294 


100 


1,208 


93.4 


1,208 


93.4 





- 


- 


- 


86 


6.6 



"Excludes consultants, council members, and personnel exempt from ceilings. ^Includes M.D.s with other doctorate. 



J 



48 



Figure 5 
NIH PERMANENT FULL-TIME PERSONNEL BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNCTION, JUNE 30, 1968 AND 1976* 



10.991 10.961 




706 596 633 574 1453 1950 405 363 301 280 169 260 130 207 154 519 749 732 531 148 74 



I 



11" 



§-■ 



faii 



II 




76 '68 '76 

NIAID N1AMDD 



'68 '76 '68 '76 

NCI NICHD 



'68 '76 
NIDR 



'68 '76 
NIEHS 



I 



m, 



U, 




100% 



-80% 



-60% 



-40% 



-20% 



'76 '68 '76 



NEI NIGMS 



'68 76 
NINCDS 



'68 '76 
DRR 



"Excludes consultants, council members, personnel exempt from ceilings, and persons in non-pav status. 



49 



CHRONOLOGY OF IMPORTANT EVENTS IN THE 
DEVELOPMENT OF NIH PROGRAMS 



Research laboratory founded at Marine Hospital, Staten Island, N.Y., to meet new responsibili- 
ties of Marine Hospital Service. 

Hygienic Laboratory moves from Staten Island to Service headquarters, Washington, D.C. 

Advisory Board for the Hygienic Laboratory established; later to become National Advisory 
Health Council. Act of Congress makes Service responsible for biologies control. 

Name of Public Health & Marine Hospital Service changed to Public Health Service (PHS). 

Hygienic Laboratory becomes National Institute of Health (NIH) under the Ransdell Act, 5/26. 

Congress authorizes National Cancer Institute (NCI), 8/15. First research grants. 

National Institute of Health moves to land donated by Mr. and Mrs. Luke I. Wilson at Bethesda, 
Md. First research fellowships (NCI). 

Public Health Service Act, giving general research authority, 7/1. 

Research grants extended, with central NIH responsibility. 

Division of Research Grants (DRG) established to review and evaluate applications for NIH 
grants to non-Federal institutions and scientists. 

First training grants (NCI). DRG starts research fellowship program. 



50 

1948 National Heart Institute authorized; other laboratories regrouped to form National Microbiolog- 
ical Institute (NMI), Experimental Biology & Medicine Institute (EBMI), and National Institute 
of Dental Research (NIDR). NIH becomes National Institutes of Health (NIH), 6/16. 

1949 Mental hygiene program of Public Health Service transferred to NIH and expanded to become 
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). 

1950 "Omnibus Medical Research Act," 8/15. National Institute of Neurological Diseases & Blind- 
ness (NINDB) and National Institute of Arthritis & Metabolic Diseases (NIAMD) established, 
the latter absorbing EBMI. 

1953 Public Health Service becomes a constituent of newly created Department of Health, Educa- 
tion, & Welfare (DHEW). Clinical Center opens. 

1955 NMI becomes National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases (NIAID). Division of Biologies 
Standards formed, assuming NMI's biologies control function. Division of Research Services 
(DRS) created. 

1956 Health Research Facilities Act, authorizing program of matching grants for research construc- 
tion in non-Federal institutions. 

1958 Division of General Medical Sciences (DGMS) created. 

1960 PHS Act amended to provide for general support of research and research training programs in 
nonprofit institutions. International Health Research Act extends NiH international programs. 

1962 Division of Research Facilities & Resources (DRFR) formed. National Library of Medicine 
(NLM), constituent of PHS since 1956, moves to NIH reservation. 



51 

1963 Two Institutes (authorized in 1962) established — National Institute of General Medical 
Sciences (NIGMS), superseding DGMS, and National Institute of Child Health & Human 
Development (NICHD). 

1964 Division of Computer Research and Technology (DCRT) established. 

1965 Division of Regional Medical Programs (DRMP) created to administer the "Heart Disease, 
Cancer, and Stroke Amendments of 1965." 

Division of Environmental Health Sciences (DEHS) established. 

National Institute of Mental Health becomes separate bureau of PHS, 1/1. 

John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences (FIC) estab- 
lished. National Eye Institute (NEI) created. NINDB becomes National Institute of Neurological 
Diseases & Stroke (NINDS). 

PHS reorganized under Assistant Secretary for Health & Scientific Affairs, DHEW. Bureau of 
Health Manpower (BHM), formed in PHS the previous year, and NLM become constituents of 
NIH, 4/1. DRMP transferred to new Health Services & Mental Health Administration, PHS. 
Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications established at NLM. 

DEHS becomes National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). National Heart 
Institute renamed National Heart & Lung Institute (NHLI). 

Family Planning Services and Population Research Act. 

National Cancer Program established. Sickle Cell Disease Program initiated in NHLI. 



52 

1972 NIAMD becomes National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism & Digestive Diseases (NIAMDD). 
National Heart, Blood Vessel, Lung, & Blood Disease Program established. Division of 
Biologies Standards transferred to Food & Drug Admininstration (FDA-PHS), where it 
becomes Bureau of Biologies, 7/1. NCI and NHLI gain bureau status within NIH. National 
Cooley's Anemia Control Act. 

1973 PHS reorganization establishes new agencies: Health Resources Administration (HRA), Health 
Services Administration (HSA), Center for Disease Control (CDC), and Alcohol, Drug Abuse, & 
Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA). Bureau of Health Manpower Education (BHME, 
formerly BHM) transferred to HRA, 7/1. (See current organization chart, page i.) 

1974 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Act. National Institute on Aging (NIA) established, 5/31. 
National Research Act revises research training authority and establishes national commission 
for protection of human subjects. National Diabetes Mellitus Research & Education Act. 
President's Biomedical Research Panel established. 

1975 National Arthritis Act. NINDS becomes National Institute of Neurological & Communicative 
Disorders & Stroke (NINCDS). National commissions established for epilepsy and 
Huntington's disease. 

1976 NHLI becomes National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute (NHLBI). Advisory boards created for 
diabetes and arthritis. National commission on digestive diseases established. 



53 



ABBREVIATIONS 



AEC — Atomic Energy Commission 

ADAMHA — Alcohol, Drug Abuse, & Mental Health 

Administration 
A & S — arts & sciences 
BHM — Bureau of Health Manpower 
BHME — Bureau of Health Manpower Education 
CC — Clinical Center 
CDC — Center for Disease Control 
DBS — Division of Biologies Standards 
DCRT — Division of Computer Research & Technology 
DEHS — Division of Environmental Health Sciences 
DGMS — Division of General Medical Sciences 
DHEW — Department of Health, Education, & Welfare 
DLA — Division of Legislative Analysis 
DoD — Department of Defense 
DPA — Division of Program Analysis 
DRFR — Division of Research Facilities & Resources 
DRG — Division of Research Grants 
DRMP — Division of Regional Medical Programs 
DRR — Division of Research Resources 
DRS — Division of Research Services 
EBMI — Experimental Biology & Medicine Institute 
ED — Engineering Division 
ERDA — Energy Research & Development Administration 



FDA — Food & Drug Administration 

FFRDC — Federally funded research and development 

center 
FIC — John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced 

Study in the Health Sciences 
FY — fiscal year (7/1 - 6/30 until FY 1977, which began 

10/1/76) 
GRS — General Research Support Programs (incl. 

Minority Biomedical Support Grants) 
GR&S — General Research and Support appropriation 
HRA — Health Resources Administration 
HRF — Health Research Facilities construction program 
HSA — Health Services Administration 
HSMHA — Health Services & Mental Health Administration 
l/RD — Institutes & Research Divisions 
NA — not available 

NASA — National Aeronautics & Space Administration 
NBS — National Bureau of Standards 
NCI — National Cancer Institute 
NEI — National Eye Institute 
NHI — National Heart Institute 
NHLBI — National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute 
NHLI — National Heart & Lung Institute 
NIA — National Institute on Aging 



54 

NIAID — National Institute of Allergy & Infectious 

Diseases 
NIAMD — National Institute of Arthritis & Metabolic 

Diseases 
NIAMDD — National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism & 

Digestive Diseases 
NICHD — National Institute of Child Health & Human 

Development 
NIDR — National Institute of Dental Research 
NIEHS — National Institute of Environmental Health 

Sciences 
NIGMS — National Institute of General Medical Sciences 
NIH — National Institute of Health or National Institutes 
j of Health 

NIMH — National Institute of Mental Health 
NINCDS — National Institute of Neurological & Commu- 
nicative Disorders & Stroke 
NINDB — National Institute of Neurological Diseases & 

Blindness 



NINDS — National Institute of Neurological Disease & 

Stroke 
NLM — National Library of Medicine 
NMI — National Microbiological Institute 
NRSA — National Research Service Awards 
NSF — National Science Foundation 
OA — Office of Administration, NIH 
OD — Office of the Director, NIH 
OE — Operating Expenses, NIH appropriation 
OIR — Office of International Research 
OPPE— Office of Program Planning & Evaluation, NIH 
PHS — Public Health Service 
RCPAs — Research Career Program Awards 
R&D — research & development 
SRS — Social Rehabilitation Service 
SSA — Social Security Administration 
TQ — transition quarter between old FY ending 6/30/76 

and new FY beginning 10/1/76 



55 



INDEX 



Abbreviations 

Appropriations, NIH 

Buildings & facilities, 1970-1977 

I/RD, 1950-1977 

NLM, 1969-1977 

OD, 1970-1977 

Awards, NIH extramural 

Aggregate by l/RD and performer, 1976 

Construction 

Medical schools, 1967-1976 30 

By performer, 1976 30 

By State, 1976 

Time series, 1963-1976 & TQ 

Contracts, R&D 

By l/RD, 1976 & TQ 

Medical schools, 1973-1976 30 

By performer, 1976 30 

By State, 1976 

Time series, 1963-1976 & TQ 

Control programs (incl. with R&D grants & contracts 

By l/RD 25-26,34,36,38,41 ,43, 

NLM 24,27-29,31 ,33-35 

National research service awards 
(see Research Training and Obligations) 

Rates, award, 1967, 1976 



Pages 
53-54 



.. 15 
14-15 
.. 15 
. . 15 



34 



32,35 
32,35 
27-29 
.. 24 



25-26 
.32,35 
32,35 
27-29 
.. 24 



45-46 
43,48 



38 



Pages 



Awards, NIH extramural (Cont.) 

Research career programs 

By l/RD, 1976 & TQ 

Medical schools, 1967-1976 30 

By performer, 1976 30 

By State, 1976 

Time series, 1963-1976 & TQ 

Research grants 

Applications, 1967-1976 

Average amount, 1970, 1976 

Centers 40- 

Direct & indirect costs by performer, 1970-1976 

Expenditures, 1973 

General research support programs 1973, 1976 .... 

By l/RD, 1976 & TQ 

By kind or type, 1967-1976 

Medical schools, 1967-1976 30 

Minority biomedical support grants, 1976 

By performer, 1976 30,32 

Positions supported under, 1974 

Program projects & centers, 1970, 1973, 1976 . . 40- 

Research projects, 1970, 1973, 1976 40- 

By State, 1976 

Time series, 1963-1976 & TQ 

Traditional research projects, 1970, 1976 



25-26 
32,35 
32,35 
27-29 
.. 24 



37-38 
.. 41 
41,43 
.. 42 
.. 43 
40,43 
25-26 
39,40 
,32,35 
21,40 
,35,42 
.. 44 
41,43 
41,43 
27-29 
.. 24 
40-41 



56 



INDEX 



Pages 



Awards, NIH extramural (Cont.) 
Research training 

Degree held by recipient, 1975-1976 

By l/RD, 1976 & TQ 

By l/RD, degree held by recipient, 1975-1976 

Medical schools, 1967-1976 31 

NRSA, 1975-1976 25-29,31,33, 

By performer, 1976 31 

By State, 1976 

Time series, 1963-1976 & TQ 

Chronology 

Clinical trials, 1975 

Constant dollars, obligations in, 1965-1976 

Construction (see Awards and Obligations) 

Contents 

Contracts (see Awards and Obligations) 

Control programs (see Obligations and Technical Note) 

Deflator, biomedical R&D, 1970-1976 & TQ 

Direct costs (research grants), 1967-1976 37-38, 

Direct operations, 1976 

Discipline, science doctorates by, 1973-1975 

Doctorates, 1971-1976 7-9, 

Expenditures under research grants, 1973 

Extramural (see Awards and Obligations) 



45-46 
25-26 
45-46 
33,35 
45-46 
,33,35 
27-29 

.. 24 
49-52 

.. 36 
. 4,23 



IM-VI 



.. 23 
42-43 
16-21 

...9 
45-47 

.. 43 



Health cost, national, 1966, 1976 1 

Health R&D cost 

Federal 

NIH, 1961-1976 2-6 

By source & performer, 1961-1976 2-6 

National, 1966, 1976 1 

NIH, 1961-1976 2-4 

By source & performer, 1961-1976 2-4 

Higher education, 1961-1976 2-3,5-8,30-34,42 

History 49-52 

Indirect costs (research grants), 1970-1976 42-43 

Institutions receiving awards, number of, 1976 30-31 

Intramural (see Health R&D Cost, Obligations, Personnel) 
Manpower 

National, 1971-1976 7-9 

NIH Personnel, 1968, 1976 47-48 

NIH support of, 1974-1976 44-46 

Medical schools, 1967-1976 5-8,30-35 

Morbidity, U.S., 1972-1975 11-13 

Mortality, U.S., 1968, 1974 10 

National Library of Medicine 

(see Appropriations, Awards, Obligations) 
National Research Service Awards 

(see Awards and Obligations) 



57 



INDEX 



Pages 
Obligations, NIH 
Aggregate by l/RD, 1965-1976 & TQ — 

current & constant $ 23 

Buildings & facilities, 1976 16 

Construction, 1976 16-17 

Control programs, 1976 16-17 

Extramural by l/RD and program activity, 1976 16-21 

Intramural by l/RD and program activity, 1976 

Lab. & clinical research 16-21 

Program management 16-21 

NLM, 1976 & TQ 22 

OD, 1976 16 



Pages 

Organization of PHS and NIH i 

Personnel, NIH, 1968, 1976 47-48 

Program activities, l/RD, 1976 16-21 

Programs transferred out of NIH ii, 49-52 

Research career program awards 
(see Awards and Technical Note) 

R&D cost, national, 1966, 1976 1 

Research grants (see Awards and Obligations) 
Research training (see Awards and Obligations) 

Technical Note ii 

Training (see Awards and Obligations) 

Transition quarter 15,22,23-26 



4U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1977-241-161:3042 




DHEW Publ 



lo. (NIH) 77-1261 




I 



ing to the 
National Institutes of Health 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE 
Public Health Service D National Institutes of Health 



Prepared by the staffs of the 

Office of Program Planning & Evaluation 

and the 

Division of Research Grants 

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH 
March 1978 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office 
Washington, D.C. 20402 

Stock No. 017-040-00424-9 



DHEW 

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE 



FDA 



HSA 



ADAMHA 



CDC 



HRA 



NATIONAL INSTITUTES : 



ALLERGY & 
INFECTIOUS 
DISEASES 



ARTHRITIS 
UETABOL1S* 
DIGESTIVE I 



1 CHILD HEALTH 
j & HUMAN 

I DEVELOPMENT 



(NEUROLOGICAL & 



National Cancer Institute 



' BUREAUS 



National 
Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute 



RESEARCH & SUPPORT DIVISIONS 



National Library of Medicine 




TECHNICAL NOTE 



Basic Data Relating to the National Institutes of Health 
has been published annually since 1961. Single copies of 
the current issue are available at NIH information offices. 

The booklet is planned, edited, and published by the 
Special Projects Branch, DLA-OPPE. Data are derived from 
NIH records and studies unless otherwise noted. The 
Division of Resources Analysis, OPPE, develops the data 
on national support for health R&D from annual surveys 
and other sources. The Statistics and Analysis Branch, 
DRG, compiles the data on NIH awards. The Division of 
Financial Management, OA, is the source of information 
on NIH budget and staff. (See "Abbreviations," page 51.) 
Programs that have been transferred out of NIH — 
NIMH, DRMP, DBS, and BHME - are excluded from all 
data except national and Federal time series. DRR, though 
located in BHME from 4/68 to 9/70, is always included 
with the Institutes and Research Divisions. The NIMH 
portion of GRS grants, which are administered by DRR, is 
included in all award data through 1974. See "Chronology," 
page 47, for major organizational changes. 

"Health R&D" denotes medical and health-related 
projects, resources, and general support, but no training 
or construction. In Health R&D series, the NIH compo- 
nent (pages 1-7) contains certain items not classified as 
research in other tables on obligations, such as foreign 



currency programs and portions of cancer control, NLM, 
and direct operations. 

Funds withheld in FY 1973 and later released for use 
are reflected in 1974 and 1975 obligation and award 
data. The transition quarter (TQ) is not included unless 
mentioned. All award data exclude scientific evaluation 
grants. Research career program awards are included under 
research project grants and total research grants unless 
shown separately or noted. Supplemental awards, unless 
noted, are combined with their parent awards or with 
other supplements when made from the same fiscal-year 
funds, and are always excluded from number of individual 
training awards. 

Differences between "obligations" and "awards" are 
due to differences in treatment of certain items (cancer 
control, scientific evaluation grants, GRS programs, etc.) 
in the accounting methods used by the various data 
sources. The largest difference reflects the handling of 
cancer control, which is identified in obligation tables 
but integrated with R&D grants and contracts in award 
presentations. Details may not add exactly to totals 
because of rounding. 

W.T. Carrigan and Ann B. Armstrong, editors 

(301-496-4591) 



iii 



wm 






CONTENTS 



NIH in the National Health Scene 

Page 
National Health R&D, 1967 and 1977, as a Proportion of Total 

R&D Cost and Total Health Cost (Figure 1) 1 

National Support for Health R&D by Source or Performer, 

1963-1977 (Table 1) 2 

National Support for Health R&D by Source and Performer, 

1977 Est. (Table 2) 3 

National Support for Health R&D by Source, 1968-1977 (Figure 2) 4 

Federal Obligations for Health R&D by Source or Performer, 

Fiscal Years 1968-1977 (Table 3) 5 

Federal Obligations for Health R&D by Source and Performer, 

Fiscal Year 1977 Est. (Table 4) 6 

DHEW Outlays for Health by Agency and Activity, Fiscal Years 

1967, 1971, 1974, and 1977 (Table 5) 7 

Science Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities by Field 

of Degree and Sex, Fiscal Years 1972 and 1976 (Table 6) 8 

National Mortality and Morbidity Data 

Mortality from Selected Causes: United States, 1968 and 

1975 (Table 7) 9 



Page 
Morbidity from Selected Chronic Conditions: United States, 

1976 (Table 8) 10 

Morbidity from Selected Acute Conditions: United States, 

19,76 (Table 9) 11 

Patients Discharged from Short-Stay Hospitals by Selected 

Conditions: United States, 1970 and 1975 (Table 10) 12 

NIH Appropriations and Obligations 

NIH Appropriations by NIH Component, Fiscal Years 1968- 

1978 (Table 11) 13 

NIH Obligations by Institute and Research Division, Fiscal 

Years 1968-1977, in Current and Constant Dollars (Table 12) 14 

NIH Obligations by Function/Mechanism, Fiscal Years 

1968-1977 (Table 13) 15 

NIH Obligations by l/RD and Program Activity and by Function/ 

Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1977 (Table 14) 16 

NLM Appropriation and Obligations by Function/Mechanism 

and Organization, Fiscal Year 1977 (Table 15) 22 

NIH Awards 

NIH Awards by Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1965-1977 

(Table 16) 23 



vi 



Page 
NIH Awards by NIH Component and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal 

Year 1977 (Table 17) 24 

NIH Awards by State and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1977 

(Table 18) ; 25 

NIH Awards by Performing Institution and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 

1977 (Table 19) 28 

NIH Awards to U.S. Institutions of Higher Education by Component 

and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1977 (Table 20) 30 

NIH Awards by NIH Component and Performer, Fiscal Year 1977 

(Table 21 ) 32 

NIH Awards to U.S. Medical Schools by Funding Mechanism, 

Fiscal Years 1967-1977 (Table 22) 33 

NIH Support of Clinical Trials Active in Fiscal Year 1976 by NIH 

Component and Function/Mechanism (Table 23) 34 

NIH Competing Research Grant Applications Reviewed by Councils, 

Fiscal Years 1967-1977 (Figure 3) 35 

Award Rates for NIH Competing Research Grant Applications by NIH 

Component, Fiscal Years 1967 and 1977 (Table 24) 36 

NIH Research Grants by Type, Fiscal Years 1968-1977 (Figure 4) 37 

NIH Research Grants by Kind and Type, Fiscal Year 1977 (Table 25) 38 

Direct and Indirect Costs Awarded for NIH Research Grants by Type 

of Performer, Fiscal Years 1971, 1973, 1975, and 1977 (Table 26) 39 



VII 



Page 

Grantee Expenditures from NIH Research Grant Funds by NIH 
Component and Kind of Grant and by Type of Expenditure, 
Fiscal Year 1974 (Table 27) 40 

NIH Support for Positions Funded from Fiscal Year 1975 Research 

Grants by Occupational Category (Table 28) 41 

Number of Persons in NIH Research Training Programs by Academic 

Level and l/RD, Fiscal Years 1973-1977 (Table 29) 42 

NIH Staff 

NIH Personnel by Type of Occupation and Degree Held and by Pay 

System, September 30, 1977 (Table 30) 45 

NIH Permanent Full-Time Personnel by NIH Component and 

Function, 6/30/68 and 9/30/77 (Figure 5) 46 



Chronology of Important Events in the Development of NIH Programs 47 

Abbreviations 51 

Index 53 



viii 



Figure 1 
NATIONAL HEALTH R&D, 1967 AND 1977, AS A PROPORTION OF . . . 



... TOTAL R&D COST' 



1967 



1977 
est. 



$23.1 BILLION 



-HEALTH R&D $2.4 (10.2%) 



$40.8 BILLION 



^•HEALTH R&D $5.5 (13.5%) 
... TOTAL HEALTH COST T 



1967 



1977 
est. 



$48.6 BILLION 
-HEALTH R&D $2.4 (4.9%) 



V, 



PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF 
TOTAL HEALTH COST BY CATEGORY 




1967 


1977 est. 


TOTAL 


100% 


100% 


HOSPITALS 
NURSING-HOME CARE 


38.4 


47.5 


PHYSICIANS', DENTISTS', 
& OTHER PROFESSIONAL 
SERVICES 


28.8 


26.9 


DRUGS, APPLIANCES, 
& OTHER EXPENSES 


23.9 


18.9 


CONSTRUCTION 


4.0 


3.3 


R&D 


4.9 


3.4 



$162.3 BILLION 



-HEALTH R&D $5.5 (3.4%) 
'Source: NSF and NIH. ' Source: HCFA, with adjustments of R&D (and ther^fcj^^l_t^talsl_tfljaa^QIflLMUlkMii^lala 



Tabid 1 

NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE OR PERFORMER, 1963-1977* 

{In millions of dollars) 



Sector 




1963 


1964 


1965 


1966 


1967 1968 1969 1970 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 


1976 
est. 


1977 
est. 


Total of A t 


rS 


S1.545 


SI .710 


S1.903 


$2,124 


S2.359 $2,576 $2,784 S2.827 


$3,133 


S3.478 


$3,691 


$4,415 


S4.640 


S4.988 


$5,526 














A BY SOURCE OF FUNDS 

















Government 


1,008 


1,140 


1,277 


1,428 


1,581 


1,707 


1,817 


1,817 


2,040 


2,326 


2,426 


2,976 


3,038 


3,274 


3,612 


Federal 


919 


1,049 


1,174 


1,316 


1,459 


1.582 


1,674 


1,667 


1,877 


2,147 


2,225 


2,754 


2.799 


3,023 


3,351 


NIH 


1566) 


1651) 


(7151 


17911 


(312) 


1864) 


(8931 


(873) 


(1,039) 


(1,271) 


(1.323) 


(1.737) 


(1.846) 


(2,023) 


(2,244) 


State 


89 


91 


103 


112 


122 


125 


143 


150 


163 


179 


201 


222 


239 


251 


261 


Industry 


375 


400 


450 


510 


580 


661 


754 


795 


860 


925 


1.033 


1.187 


1,322 


1,438 


1,625 


Private nonprofit 


162 


170 


176 


186 


198 


208 


213 


215 


233 


227 


232 


252 


280 


276 


289 


Foundations 


60 


63 


61 


64 


67 


72 


69 


69 


83 


77 


75 


79 


94 


81 


86 


Voluntary health agencies 


40 


42 


45 


47 


54 


57 


61 


61 


63 


63 


70 


84 


93 


98 


103 


Other 


62 


65 


70 


75 


77 


79 


83 


85 


87 


87 


87 


89 


93 


97 


100 


B. BY PERFORMER 


Government 


280 


308 


346 


398 


426 


484 


541 


577 


663 


718 


761 


S17 


828 


895 


994 


Federal 


250 


272 


305 


345 


369 


403 


458 


489 


568 


609 


629 


668 


717 


779 


863 


State & local 


30 


36 


41 


53 


57 


81 


83 


88 


95 


109 


132 


149 


111 


116 


131 


Industry 


397 


438 


483 


560 


653 


722 


811 


826 


888 


964 


1,043 


1.232 


1,361 


1,478 


1,590 


Private nonprofit 


820 


914 


1,017 


1.105 


1.211 


1,290 


1,344 


1,343 


1.478 


1,687 


1,739 


2,182 


2,254 


2,386 


2,676 


Higher education 


620 


689 


764 


838 


934 


1,001 


1,052 


1,041 


1.148 


1,325 


1,360 


1,699 


1,763 


1,877 


2,103 


Other 


200 


225 


253 


267 


277 


289 


292 


302 


330 


362 


379 


483 


491 


509 


573 


Foreign 


48 


50 


57 


61 


69 


80 


88 


81 


104 


109 


148 


184 


197 


229 


266 



"Reflects 1977 revisions in the Foundations series, 1963-1976,and in the Industry performance distribution, 1968-1976. Final 1977 and estimated 1978 data for Tables 1-4 will be available in May 1978 from 
Division of Resources Analysis, OPPE/N1H, (301) 496-9291. 



Table 2 
NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE AND PERFORMER, 1977 EST. 

(In millions of dollars) 



Source 
of support 


Total 


Performer 


Federal 


State 
and local 


Industry* 


Higher 
education* 


Other 
nonprofit* 


Foreign 


Total 


$5,526 


$863 


$131 


$1,590 


$2,103 


$573 


$266 


Federal 


3,351 


862 


63 


258 


1,680 


443 


45 


NIH 


(2,244) 


(415) 


(35) 


(126) 


(1,300) 


(343) 


(25) 


State 


261 


— 


64 


— 


193 


4 


- 


Industry 


1,625 


- 


4 


1,332 


52 


25 


212 


Private nonprofit 


289 


1 


- 


- 


178 


101 


9 



SOURCE 
Federal $3,351 

NIH ($2,244) 

Industry $1,625 

*Contains FFRDCs. 



PERFORMER 



Federal 26% 


Higher education 50% 


Other 24% 


i i 


Federal 18% 


Higher education 58% 


Other 24% 


i i i i 


Industry 82% 
i i ■ ■ i i 


Other 18% 



0% 



20% 



40% 



60% 



80% 



100% 



■■ 





$6,000 


Millions 


5,000 


$6,000 


4,000 




3,000 


5,000 


2,000 




1,000 


4,000 






Figure 2 

NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE, 1968-1977 

(Dollars in millions) 



S5.526 



3,000 - 



2,000 



1,000 





TOTALS IN CURRENT AND 
CONSTANT (1968) DOLLARS)' 




- 


CURRENTS^. 




- 


' CONSTANT $ 








I I I I I I 


U.est., 



$5,526 



4,988 



$4,415 



$4,640 



'69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 

$3,478 
$3,133 
— $2,827 I 



$3,691 



■$2,784" 



$2,576 



■34%: 



12% 



12% 



28% 



^ 
^ 



>m 



12% 



11% 



27% 



11% 



III 



10% 



OTHER 



INDUSTRY 



OTHER 
FEDERAL 



NIH T 



1968 



1969 



1970 



1971 



1972 



1973 



1974 



1975 



1976 est. 1977 est. 



"Constant dollars based on revised biomedical R&D deflator. $2,244 million in 1977, including $1,436 grants, $394 contracts, $248 intramural research, etc. 



Table 3 
FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE OR PERFORMER, FISCAL YEARS 1968-1977* 

(In millions of dollars) 





1968 


1969 


1970 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 


1976 est 


1977 est. 


Total of A or B 


$1,581.9 


$1,674.1 


$1,666.6 


$1,876.6 


$2,147.3 


$2,225.3 


$2,753.6 


$2,798.9 


$3,023.5 


$3,351.4 








A 


BY SOURCE OF FUNDS 












DHEW 


1,139.0 


1.191.4 


1,177.0 


1,316.0 


1,584.3 


1,609.9 


2,092.2 


2,162.5 


2,345.1 


2,612.5 


NIH 


864.0 


892.9 


873.3 


1,038.9 


1,271.3 


1,323.2 


1,736.8 


1,845.5 


2,022.6 


2,244.2 


Other PHS 


229.1 


249.9 


270.0 


247.6 


275.9 


255.4 


315.2 


278.5 


287.7 


305.1 


Other DHEW 


45.8 


48.7 


33.8 


29.4 


37.0 


31.3 


40.2 


38.2 


34.8 


63.2 


Other agencies 


443.0 


482.6 


489.5 


560.6 


563.1 


615.4 


661.4 


636.7 


678.4 


738.9 


Agriculture 


45.8 


48.8 


50.1 


60.3 


67.3 


61.1 


59.7 


61.4 


t 


84.8 


Defense 


114.0 


117.5 


124.9 


124.2 


126.0 


126.6 


119.0 


115.9 


t 


150.5 


Energy (ERDA, AEC) 


95.0 


97.9 


104.2 


104.9 


102.7 


110.6 


121.4 


163.9 


t 


181.2 


State 


2.7 


8.7 


10.8 


15.2 


15.1 


16.3 


10.3 


6.4 


t 


23.7 


Transportation 


4.5 


7.3 


9.7 


41.9 


39.0 


65.0 


64.8 


11.9 


t 


6.7 


EPA 


- 


- 


- 


13.1 


i 14.5 


20.3 


18.8 


36.1 


t 


56.2 


NASA 


108.6 


116.8 


85.9 


74.9 


50.3 


42.3 


80.1 


74.9 


t 


47.8 


NSF 


21.2 


25.6 


28.0 


34.3 


37.2 


45.5 


47.0 


44.7 


t 


55.4* 


VA 


45.6 


50.3 


58.7 


62.7 


68.9 


74.2 


84.0 


94.8 


94.3 


104.5 


Other 


5.6 


9.7 


17.3 


29.1 


42.0 


53.6 


56.5 


24.8 


t 


28.1 


B. BY PERFORMER 


Intramural (Federal) 


402.2 


456.5 


488.3 


566.5 


608.2 


627.3 


667.9 


715.7 


778.6 


862.5 


Extramural (non-Federal) 


1,179.8 


1,217.6 


1,178.3 


1,310.1 


1,539.1 


1,598.0 


2,085.8 


2,083.1 


2,244.9 


2,488.7 


State & local 


50.6 


47.7 


49.0 


51.5 


60.2 


79.3 


91.6 


54.0 


51.0 


62.7 


Industry § 


138.3 


137.4 


121.7 


128.6 


158.8 


176.3 


248.4 


256.3 


283.8 


258.4 


Private nonprofit § 


960.4 


996.0 


986.2 


1,089.1 


1,289.3 


1,318.3 


1,716.8 


1,742.8 


1,869.1 


2,122.7 


Higher education 


757.7 


792.1 


775.1 


859.4 


1,025.4 


1,039.5 


1,347.0 


1,374.8 


1,480.8 


1,679.8 


Medical schools II 


379.6 


408.3 


394.1 


436.0 


507.8 


618.3 


809.7 


837.5 


870.6 


990.1 


Other 


202.6 


203.9 


211.1 


229.7 


264.0 


278.8 


369.7 


368.1 


388.4 


442.9 


Foreign 


30.5 


36.4 


21.4 


40.9 


30.8 


24.1 


29.1 


30.0 


40.9 


44.7 



As organized in year specified, t Since 1975, nonhealth agencies have only been surveyed biennially, 
contracts for 1968-1972. Such contracts are contained in Higher Education for all years. 



f Estimated by NIH. § Contains FFRDCs. II Excludes NIH medical school 



Table 4 
FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE AND PERFORMER, FISCAL YEAR 1977 EST. 1 

(In miltions of dollars! 







Performer 






Extramural (non-Federal) 


Source of 
support 


Total 


Intra- 
mural 


Total 


State 
and 


Industry' 


Higher 


education 


Other 

private 

nonprofit' 






Total * 


Medical 


Foreign 






(Federal) 




local 




schools 




Total 


$3,351 


$862 


$2,489 


$63 


$258 


$1,680 


$990 


$443 


$45 


Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare 


2,613 


531 


2,081 


59 


156 


1,445 


955 


390 


31 


National Institutes of Health 


2,244 


415 


1,829 


35 


126 


1,300 


892 


343 


25 


Other Public Health Service 


305 


106 


199 


15 


18 


123 


57 


37 


6 


ADAMHAt 


153 


27 


126 


12 


8 


88 


43 


17 


1 


CDC 


55 


39 


15 


§ 


4 


5 


1 


5 


2 


FDA 


43 


25 


18 


1 


5 


8 


1 


2 


1 


HRA 


37 


9 


28 


1 


§ 


16 


7 


10 


1 


HSA+ 


17 


6 


12 


1 




5 


4 


4 


1 


Other D HEW 


63 


10 


53 


9 


12 


22 


6 


10 


1 


Health Care Financing Admin. 


30 


8 


22 


7 


12 


2 


1 


2 


- 


Off. Asst. Secy., Planning & Eval. 


5 


1 


4 


- 


- 


§ 


- 


4 


- 


Office of Human Development 


28 


1 


27 


2 


- 


20 


5 


5 


1 


Other agencies 


739 


331 


408 


4 


102 


235 


35 


53 


13 


Department of Agriculture 


85 


60 


25 


§ 


3 


20 


§ 


§ 


1 


Department of Defense 


151 


107 


44 


2 


10 


22 


3 


7 


3 


Department of Energy (ERDA) 


181 


10 


171 


§ 


32 


107 


11 


32 


§ 


Department of State (AID) 


24 


1 


23 


- 


— 


11 


7 


3 


9 


Environmental Protection Agency 


56 


24 


32 


1 


13 


16 


1 


3 


§ 


National Aeronautics & Space Admin. 


48 


9 


39 


— 


33 


6 


3 


§ 


— 


National Science Foundation 


55 


2 


53 


— 


- 


49 


11 


4 


§ 


Veterans Administration 


105 


102 


3 


§ 


1 


1 


§ 


1 


— 


Other* 


35 


17 


18 


1 


12 


3 


- 


3 


- 



*AII figures are preliminary. Final 1977 and estimated 1978 data will be available in May 1978 from Divisionof Resources Analysis, OPPE/NIH (301) 
496-9291. tDistribution estimated by NIH from prior-year data, f Contains FFRDCs. §Less than $0.5 million. 



Table 5 
DHEW OUTLAYS FOR HEALTH BY AGENCY AND ACTIVITY, FISCAL YEARS 1967, 1971, 1974, AND 1977* 

(In millions of dollars) 





Total 


Health R&D 


Hospital & 
medical services 


Other 1 " 


Total 


Health R&D 


Hospital & 
medical services 


Other'' 




Amount 


Percent 
of total 


Amount 


Percent 
of total 


Amount 


Percent 
of total 


Amount 


Percent 
of total 


Amount 


Percent 
of total 


Amount 


Percent 
of total 




1967 


1971 


Total 


$6,883 


$996 


14.5% 


$4,899 


71.2% 


$987 


14.3% 


$14,490 


$1,116 


7.7% 


$11,748 


81.1% 


$1,627 


11.2% 


NIH 


942 


773 


82.1 


_ 


_ 


169 


17.9 


1,513 


942 


62.3 


_ 


_- 


571 


37.7 


FDA 


58 


10 


17.2 


- 


- 


48 


82.8 


86 


22 


25.6 


- 


- 


64 


74.4 


Other PHS 


1,032 


186 


18.0 


134 


13.0 


712 


69.0 


1,634 


152 


9.3 


500 


30.6 


982 


60.1 


SRS* 


1,424 


27 


1.9 


1.371 


96.3 


26 


1.8 


3,364 


- 


- 


3,362 


99.9 


2 


0.1 


SSA§ 


3,396 


- 


- 


3,396 


100.0 


- 


- 


7,875 


- 


- 


7,875 


100.0 


- 


- 


Other DHEW 


32 


- 


- 


- 


- 


32 


100.0 


19 


- 


- 


11 


57.9 


8 


42.1 




1974 


1977 


Total 


$21,384 


$1,583 


7.4% 


$17,959 


84.0% 


$1,842 


8.6% 


$37,939 


$2,374 


6.3% 


$33,517 


88.3% 


$2,048 


5.4% 


NIH 


1,584 


1,386 


87.5 


_ 


_ 


199 


12.6 


2,253 


2,062 


91.5 


_ 


_ 


191 


8.5 


FDA 


165 


20 


12.1 


- 


- 


144 


87.3 


246 


24 


9.8 


- 


- 


221 


89.8 


Other PHS 


2,634 


175 


6.6 


1,010 


38.3 


1,451 


55.1 


3,825 


265 


6.9 


2,010 


52.5 


1,549 


40.5 


SRS?\,HCFA 
SSA§)in 1977 


5,591 
11,348 


3 


0.1 


5,586 
11,348 


99.9 
100.0 


2 


- 


31,262 


9 


- 


31,253 


100.0 


- 


- 


Other DHEW 


62 


1 


1.6 


15 


24.2 


46 


74.2 


353 


14 


4.0 


253 


71.7 


87 


24.6 



*As organized in budget year of Special Analyses. Outlays - payments of obligations during the current year regardless of the year incurred. Includes training, education, 
construction, planning, prevention, control, f Contains Medicaid. §Contains Medicare. 

Source: Special Analyses, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Years 1969, 1973, 1976, and 1979. 



Table 6 

SCIENCE DOCTORATE RECIPIENTS FROM U.S. UNIVERSITIES 

BY FIELD OF DEGREE AND SEX, FISCAL YEARS 1972 AND 1976 





Total 


Men 


Women 


Percentage chai 
1972-1976 


lge 


Field of 


1972 


1976 


1972 


1976 


1972 


1976 




degree 


Number 


Number 


Number 


Number 


Number 


Percent 
of total 


Number 


Percent 
of total 


Total 


Men 


Women 


Total 


19,556 


18,790 


17,390 


15,628 


2,166 


11.1% 


3,162 


16.8% 


-3.9% 


-10.1% 


+46.0% 


Agricultural sciences 


1,016 


951 


983 


897 


33 


3.2 


54 


5.7 


-6.4 


-8.7 


+63.6 


Biomedical sciences 


3,898 


3,890 


3,207 


2,995 


691 


17.7 


895 


23.0 


-0.2 


-6.6 


+29.5 


Anatomy 


159 


133 


116 


98 


43 


27.0 


35 


26.3 


-16.4 


-15.5 


-18.6 


Biochemistry 


580 


616 


475 


475 


105 


18.1 


141 


22.9 


+6.2 


0.0 


+34.3 


Biophysics 


114 


123 


98 


103 


16 


14.0 


20 


16.3 


+7.9 


+5.1 


+25.0 


Genetics 


159 


143 


120 


99 


39 


24.5 


44 


30.8 


-10.1 


-17.5 


+12.8 


Microbiology 


395 


359 


305 


266 


90 


22.8 


93 


25.9 


-9.1 


-12.8 


+3.3 


Pathology 


87 


93 


77 


70 


10 


11.5 


23 


24.7 


+6.9 


-9.1 


+ 130.0 


Pharmacology 


187 


205 


164 


180 


23 


12.3 


25 


12.2 


+9.6 


+9.8 


+8.7 


Physiology 


340 


285 


288 


232 


52 


15.3 


53 


18.6 


-16.2 


-19.4 


+1.9 


Other 


1,877 


1,933 


1.564 


1,472 


313 


16.7 


461 


23.8 


+3.0 


-5.9 


+47.3 


Engineering 


3,475 


2,791 


3,454 


2,738 


21 


0.6 


53 


1.9 


-19.7 


-20.7 


+152.4 


Environmental sciences 


70 


130 


63 


112 


7 


10.0 


18 


13.8 


+85.7 


+77.8 


+157.1 


Physical sciences 


5,507 


4,445 


5,142 


4,036 


365 


6.6 


409 


9.2 


-19.3 


-21.5 


+12.1 


Psychology 


2,262 


2,878 


1,657 


1,932 


605 


26.7 


946 


32.9 


+27.2 


+16.6 


+56.4 


Social sciences 


3,328 


3,705 


2,884 


2,918 


444 


13.3 


787 


21.2 


+ 11.3 


+1.2 


+77.3 



Source: National Academy of Sciences, Earned Doctorate Survey. 



Tabic 7 
MORTALITY FROM SELECTED CAUSES: UNITED STATES, 1968 AND 1975 





ICDAcode* 


1968 


1975 


Cause of death 


Rank 


Number 


Rate per 
1 00,000 pop. 


Percent of 
all deaths 


Rank 


Number 


Rate per 
100.000 pop. 


Percent of 
all deaths 


Total 






1,930,082 


965.7 


100.0% 




1,892,879 


8S8.5 


100.0% 


Diseases of the circulatory system 
Diseases of the heart 
Hypertension 
Cerebrovascular diseases 
Arteriosclerosis 


390-458 

390-398,402,404,41 0-429 

400,401 ,403 

430-438 

440 


1 


1,040.292 

744.658 

9,063 

211,390 

33,568 


520.5 

372.6 

4.5 

105.8 

16.8 


53.9 
38.6 

0.5 
11.0 

1.7 


1 


988.073 

716,215 

6,300 

194,038 

28,887 


463.8 

336.2 

3.0 

91.1 

13.6 


52.2 
37.8 

0.3 
10.3 

1.5 


Neoplasms 
Malignant 

Digestive organs & peritoneum 
Respiratory system 
Breast 
Genital organs 


140-239 
140-209 
150-159 
160-163 
174 
180-187 


2 


323,495 
318,547 
93,563 
63,485 
29,081 
40,936 


161.9 
159.4 
46.8 
31.8 
14.6 
20.5 


16.8 
16.5 
4.8 
3.3 
1.5 
2.1 


2 


370,640 
365,693 
99,629 
86,675 
32,435 
42,994 


174.0 
171.7 
46.8 
40.7 
15.2 
20.2 


19.6 
19.3 
5.3 
4.6 
1.7 
2.3 


Diseases of the respiratory system 
Influenza & pneumonia 
Bronchitis, emphysema, & asthma 


460-519 

470-474,480-486 

490-493 


3 


123,440 
73,492 
33,078 


61.8 
36.8 
16.6 


6.4 
3.8 
1.7 


3 


111,982 
55,664 
25,468 


52.6 
26.1 
12.0 


5.9 
2.9 

1.3 


Diseases of the digestive system 
Cirrhosis of liver 


520-577 
571 


4 


73,718 
29,183 


36.9 
14.6 


3.8 
1.5 


4 


70,382 
31,623 


33.0 
14.8 


3.7 
1.7 


Endocrine, nutritional, & metabolic diseases 
Diabetes mellitus 


240-279 
250 


5 


46,354 
38,352 


23.2 
19.2 


2.4 
2.0 


5 


43,465 
35,230 


20.4 
16.5 


2.3 

1.9 


Certain causes of mortality in early infancy 


760-769.2,769.4-772,774-778 


6 


43,840 


21.9 


2.3 


6 


26.616 


12.5 


1.4 


Diseases of the genitourinary system 


580-629 


7 


29,787 


14.9 


1.5 


7 


25,322 


11.9 


1.3 


Diseases of the nervous system & sense organs 


320-389 


10 


16,439 


8.2 


0.9 


8 


16,729 


7.9 


0.9 


Infective & parastic diseases 


000-136 


8 


17,776 


8.9 


0.9 


9 


15,930 


7.5 


0.8 


Congenital anomalies 


740-759 


9 


16,793 


8.4 


0.9 


10 


13,245 


6.2 


0.7 


All other diseases 


Residual 




42,91 1 


21.5 


Z2 




54,232 


25.5 


2.9 


Accidents, poisonings, & violence 


E800-E999 




155,237 


77.7 


8.0 




156,263 


73.4 


8.3 



*Based on Eighth Revision International Classification of Diseases, Adapted for Use in the United States. 



Source: National Center for Health Statistics, DHEW. 



10 



Table 8 
MORBIDITY FROM SELECTED CHRONIC CONDITIONS: UNITED STATES, 1976' 





Days 


of bed 


Perso 


is chronically 


Chronic condition and codes, ICDA and X 


(in 


disability 
thousands) 


(in 


imited* 
thousands) 




Rank 






Number 


Rank 


Number 


Heart disease 390-398,402,404,410-429,782.1-782.2,782.4 


1 






1 1 5,690 


2 


4,735 


Arthritis 710-715 


2 






1 03,348 


1 


4,978 


Malignant neoplasms 140-209 


3 






49,389 


13 


648 


Mental disorders § 290-309,319,X14-X19,780.6,781. 5,785.6,786.2,790.0,790.2 


4 






48,073 


4 


2,134 


Impairment of back & spine X70-X72.X80-X81 


5 






40,447 


3 


2,275 


Cerebrovascular disease 430-438 


6 






38,836 


11 


816 


Paralysis X40-X69 


7 






38,579 


9 


915 


Hypertension without heart involvement 400,401,403 


8 






36,485 


5 


2,088 


Impairment of lower extremities X75-X77.X82-X85 


9 






35,226 


6 


1,836 


Diabetes 250 


10 






33,517 


7 


1,525 


Asthma 493 


11 






31,654 


8 


1,460 


Emphysema 492 


12 






25,648 


10 


823 


Ulcer 531-534 


13 






21,177 


14 


501 


Gallbladder§ 574-576.2,576.9 


14 






16,427 


15 


136 


Hernia 550-553 


15 






11,899 


12 


667 



'National estimate based on continuing survey of a probability sample of some 40,000 households in the civilian noninstitutionalized population, 
t ICDA code from Eighth Revision International Classification of Diseases, Adapted for Use in the United States; X code from Vital and Health 
Statistics, Publication Series 10, Number 99 (pp. 51-56). T Persons with limitations of activity are those chronically unable to fully perform their 
usual activities because of the condition specified. § Includes some acute conditions. 

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, DHEW. 



11 



Table 9 
MORBIDITY FROM SELECTED ACUTE CONDITIONS: UNITED STATES, 1976* 

(In thousands) 



Acute condition and I CD A code 



Incidence of 

acute 
conditions 



Restricted- 
activity days 



Bed- 
disability 
days 



Work-loss 
days 



School-loss 
days 



Total 

Respiratory conditions 
Upper respiratory 
Influenza 
Pneumonia 
Bronchitis 
Other 

Infective & parasitic diseases 

Digestive system conditions 

Diseases of the ear 

Genitourinary disorders 

Diseases of the musculoskeletal system 

Headaches 



460-486,501,508-516,519,783 

460-465,501,508 

470-474 

480-486 

466 

510-516,519,783 

000-136 

520.6-521.5,521.7-523.9,525-530, 
535-543,560,561,564-577,784,785 

380-387,745.0-745.3,781 .3 

580-629,786,789 

717-733,787 

791 



Deliveries & disorders of pregnancy & the puerperium 630-678 

Diseases of the skin 680-709 

Injuries N(800-870,872-884, 890-894,900-994, 996-999) 

All other acute conditions Other acute code numbers 



461,377 


2,014,813 


932,493 


326,113 


208,719 


250,704 

127,656 

110,391 

3,190 

5,087 

4,381 


944,555 

368,832 

468,295 

49,590 

34,683 

23,154 


489,718 

151,664 

278,581 

31,509 

15.679 

12,286 


143,993 

40,622 

90,199 

5,820 

t 

4,349 


120,967 

52,058 

60,514 

3,561 

f 

t 


52,603 


205,800 


114,553 


26,847 


39,008 


21,997 


89,234 


44,755 


16,001 


10,178 


14,789 


48,798 


22,178 


§ 


§ 


11,328 


57,483 


31,608 


12,154 


§ 


7,721 


49,616 


18,452 


7,980 


§ 


4,849 


10,362 


§ 


§ 


§ 


3,961 


50,754 


23,243 


4,869 


§ 


4,625 


16,923 


5,907 


§ 


§ 


67,714 


425,080 


124,130 


86,303 


16,999 


21,086 


116,210 


57,949 


27,966 


21,566 



'National estimate based on continuing survey of a probability sample of some 40,000 households in the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Eighth 
Revision International Classification of Diseases, Adapted for Use in the United 
available. Included in "All other acute conditions." 



States, f Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision. § Not 

Source: National Center for Health Statistics. DHEW. 



12 



Table 10 
PATIENTS DISCHARGED FROM SHORT-STAY HOSPITALS BY SELECTED CONDITIONS: UNITED STATES, 1970 AND 1975" 



Category of first-listed diagnosis 



ICDA 
code 



Hospital discharges 



(in thousands) 10,000 pop- 



Average 
length of stay 



Days 



Hospital discharges 



(in thousands) 10,000 pop. 



Total 

Diseases of the circulatory system 390-458 

Ischemic heart disease 410-414 

Cerebrovascular disease 430-438 

Diseases of the digestive system 520-577 

Stomach, duodenum, gastrojejunal ulcer 531-534 

Inguinal hernia 550,552 

Cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, cholangitis 574-575 

Complications of pregnancy, childbirth, & the puerperium 630-678 

Diseases of the genitourinary system 580-629 

Diseases of the respiratory system 460-519 

Influenza & pneumonia 470-486 

Neoplasms 140-239 

Malignant 140-209 

Diseases of the musculoskeletal system 710-738 

Mental disorders 290-315 

Diseases of the nervous system & sense organs 320-389 

Endocrine, nutritional, & metabolic diseases 240-279 

Diabetes mellitus 250 

Infective & parasitic diseases 000-136 

Diseases of the skin & subcutaneous tissue 680-709 

All other diseases Residual 

Accidents, poisonings, & violence 800-999 



29,127 



4 


3,340 




1.376 




519 


2 


3,634 




438 




475 




527 


1 


4,390 


5 


2,858 


3 


3,361 




850 


6 


1,840 




1,142 


7 


1,251 


9 


986 


8 


1,066 


1 


719 




436 





723 


2 


485 




1,362 




3,062 



1,459 
167 
69 
26 
185 
22 
24 
26 
220 
143 
168 
43 
92 
57 
63 
49 
53 
36 
22 
36 
24 
68 
153 



12.0 
12.8 
14.2 





6.4 




10.8 


12 


3.9 


9 


6.6 


11 


6.0 




8.8 


3 


11.0 




13.9 


5 


9.6 


2 


11.1 


8 


7.1 


4 


10.7 




12.2 



1 


4,418 




1,832 




608 


2 


4.260 




412 




513 




605 


3 


4,031 


4 


3,480 


5 


3,393 




869 


6 


2,353 




1,556 


7 


1,704 


8 


1,494 


9 


1,438 


10 


887 




533 


11 


829 


12 


549 




1,647 




3,562 



1,628 

211 

88 

29 

204 
20 
25 
29 

193 
166 
162 
42 
113 
74 
82 
71 
69 
42 
25 
40 
26 
79 
170 



non-Federal short-stay hospitals. Includes deaths, excludes newborn infants. Eighth Revision International Classification of Diseases, Adapted for 

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, DHEW. 



"National estimate based on samples of medical records from 
Use in the United States. 



13 



Table 1 1 

NIH APPROPRIATIONS BY NIH COMPONENT. FISCAL YEARS 1968-1978" 

{In thousands of dollars) 



NIH component 


1968 


1969 


1970 f 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 


1976 


TQ 


1977? 


1978§ 


Percentchange 1968-78 


Percentchange 1977-78 


Currents Constants" 


CurrentS Constants" 


Total 


51,111,461 


$1,118,153 


SI, 06 1,007 


$1,212,847 


Sl.506,156 


$1,762,565 


$1,790,425 


S2,092,897 


S2, 302,126 


S439.107 


$2,544,078 


$2,825,102 


+154.2% 


+33.6% 


+11.0% 


+4.3% 


l/RD 


1,111,461 


1,099,993 


1,032,600 


1.1B2.504 


1,466.752 


1,713,455 


1,744,554 


2,043,721 


2,200,691 


427.143 


2,424,510 


2,704,835 


+143.4 


+27.9 


+11.6 


+4.7 


NIAID 


89,081 


91,551 


91,846 


97,324 


103,968 


107,719 


111,089 


1 19,452 


126,852 


27,638 


141.000 


161,042 


+80.8 


-5.0 


+ 14.2 


+7.3 


NIAMDD 


134,083 


134,479 


122,909 


129,863 


145.036 


158,132 


153,561 


173,514 


179,516 


43,719 


219.600 


258,461 


+92.8 


+1.3 


+17.7 


+10.5 


NCI 


176,225 


178,312 


175,024 


227,259 


372,742 


485,505 


527,486 


691.666 


761,727 


152.901 


815,000 


867,136 


+392.1 


+ 158.6 


+6.4 


-0.1 


NICHD 


64,213 


69.044 


71,836 


90,851 


112,447 


126,027 


125,455 


142.435 


136.404 


24,201 


145,543 


165,261 


+ 157.4 


+35.2 


+13.5 


+6.6 


MIA 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


19,288 


4.038 


30.000 


37,000 


- 


- 


+23.3 


+ 15.8 


(NICHD &NIA) 


(64,213) 


(69.044) 


(71.836) 


(90,851 > 


(112,447) 


(126,027) 


(125,455) 


(142,435) 


(155,692) 


(28.238) 


(175,543) 


(202.261) 


(+215.0) 


(+65.5) 


(+15.2) 


(+8.2) 


NIDR 


29,009 


28,789 


27,635 


34,412 


42,348 


45,840 


43,959 


50.033 


51,291 


7,854 


55,573 


60.981 


+ 110.2 


+ 10.5 


+9.7 


+3.0 


NIEHS 


16,724 


17,269 


16,895 


19,666 


25,945 


30,412 


28,397 


35.171 


37,660 


8,743 


51,141 


63,600 


+280.3 


+99.8 


+24.4 


+ 16.8 


NIGMS 


152,027 


155,387 


140,691 


153,216 


166,348 


175.289 


16B.329 


187,400 


187.312 


34,078 


205.000 


230,396 


+51.5 


20.4 


+12.4 


+5.5 


NHLBI 


157.317 


157,503 


151,778 


186,798 


224,302 


290,784 


289,550 


324,630 


370,013 


58,763 


396.661 


445,642 


+182.4 


+48.4 


+ 12.3 


+5.5 


NINCDS 


120,269 


121,505 


91,838 


98.475 


111,595 


124,526 


121,358 


142,498 


144,446 


34,272 


155.500 


177,000 


+47.2 


-22.7 


+ 13.8 


+6.9 


NEI 


- 


- 


21.138 


28.481 


35,548 


36,809 


41,177 


44,133 


50,212 


9,519 


64,000 


85,000 


- 


- 


+32.8 


+24.7 


(NINCDS &NEI 


(120,269) 


(121,505) 


(112,976) 


(126.956) 


(147,143) 


(161.335) 


(162,535) 


(186,631) 


(194,658) 


(43,791) 


(219,500) 


(262,000) 


(+117.8) 


(+14.5) 


(+19.4) 


(+12.1) 


FIC 


13,944° 


13.143° 


2,775 


3,666 


4,307 


4,666 


4,767 


5,589 


5,705 


1,135 


7,992 


8,369 


-40.0 


-68.5 


+4.7 


-1.7 


DRR 


62,014 


65,810 


63,565 


66,320 


74,981 


75,073 


76,273 


76,979 


79,714 


19,044 


86,812 


93,302 


+50.5 


-20.9 


+7.5 


+0.9 


GRS" 


56,033 


52,945 


50,310 


46.173 


47,185 


52,673 


53,153 


50,221 


50,551 


1,238 


50.688 


51,645 


-7.8 


-51.6 


+1.9 


-4.3 


DCRT/ED 


5,022 


5.856 


4.360 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


HRF 


35,000 


8,400 


" 


" 


- 


" 


- 


- 


- 


" 


" 


- 


- 


- 


- 


" 


NLM 


- 


18,160 


19,251 


21.440 


24,127 


28,568 


25,871 


28,850 


29,065 


6,572 


35,234 


36,746 


- 


- 


+4.3 


-2.1 


OD 


- 


- 


7,541 


8,903 


11,712 


12,042 


12,000 


17,326 


18,370 


4,642 


16.934 


17.871 


- 


- 


+5.5 


0.9 


Bldgs. & Fac. 


- 


- 


1,615 


" 


3,565 


8,500 


8,000 


3,000 


54,000 


750 


67.400 


65,650 


" 


" 


-2.6 


-8.5 



'Excludes programs that have been transferred out of NIH. Excludes Foreign Currency Programs. GRS is represented as a line item, though it was actually appropriated to the l/RDs through FY 1973 and to DRR in sub- 
sequent years, t Excludes $65,454 thousand plus $16,924 thousand to reflect cutbacks (PL. 91-204 and P.L. 91-305). t Includes supplemental appropriation. § Continuing resolution at level agreed to by the conferees. 
II Based on revised NIH biomedical R&D deflator (1968= 100, 1978= 190.3). See Table 12.0 OIR programs. "" Contains Minority Biomedical Support grants. 



14 



Table 12 

N1H OBLIGATIONS BY INSTITUTE AND RESEARCH DIVISION. FISCAL YEARS 1968 1977* 

IN CURRENT AND CONSTANT DOLLARS (In millions) Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 



Fiscal 
year 


All 
l/RDst 


NIA 


NIAID 


NIAMDD 


NCI 


NICHD 


NIDR 


NIEHS 


NEI 


NIGMS 


NHLBI 


NINCDS 


DRR* 


FIC 


















CURRENT DOLLARS 
















1968 


$1,075.2 


$ - 


$90.4 


$139.3 


$177.3 


$ 66.8 


$29.3 


$16.7 


$ - 


$156.1 


$162.1 


$122.0 


$ 99.5 


$11.0 




1969 


1,066.0 


- 


92.6 


140.3 


182.4 


71.2 


29.6 


17.9 


21.5 


160.1 


161.9 


104.6 


65.3 


13.1 




1970 


1,029.8 


- 


97.1 


131.5 


181.3 


76.0 


28.7 


17.3 


22.8 


148.1 


160.3 


97.2 


62.6 


2.7 




1971 


1,180.6 


- 


102.1 


137.9 


232.9 


94.7 


35.2 


20.1 


30.0 


159.8 


194.8 


103.4 


66.2 


3.4 




1972 


1,465.6 


- 


109.0 


153.3 


378.6 


116.5 


43.3 


26.4 


36.9 


173.3 


232.6 


116.4 


75.0 


4.2 




1973 


1,483.5 


- 


103.0 


142.8 


431.2 


111.2 


40.9 


26.1 


34.4 


154.0 


255.7 


107.4 


72.8 


3.9 




1974 


1,945.2 


- 


120.8 


177.4 


581.0 


144.1 


50.0 


32.1 


45.2 


188.6 


327.3 


143.5 


130.1 


5.0 




1975 


2.056.9 


- 


119.4 


173.6 


699.3 


142.4 


50.0 


35.9 


43.7 


189.5 


327.8 


142.4 


127.1 


5.7 




1976 


2.185.5 


19.2 


125.6 


174.9 


760.5 


135.9 


50.7 


36.8 


50.1 


186.9 


368.6 


140.4 


130.3 


5.7 




TQ 


439.6 


4.0 


28.9 


48.2 


153.9 


24.4 


8.3 


9.5 


9.2 


33.7 


59.8 


38.3 


20.3 


1,1 




1977 


2,420.7 


29.9 


140.4 


219,4 


814.9 


145.1 


55.4 


50.9 


63.7 


204.8 


396.5 


154.6 


1374 


7.7 


















CONSTANT DOLLARS 














Biomedical 
R&D deflator 


1968 


1,075.2 


_ 


90.4 


139.3 


177.3 


66.8 


29.3 


16.7 


- 


156.1 


162.1 


122.0 


99.5 


11.0 


100.0 


1969 


1,011.9 


- 


88.0 


133.2 


173.1 


67.6 


28.1 


17.0 


20.4 


152.0 


153.7 


99.3 


62,0 


12.4 


105.4 


1970 


919.8 


- 


86.7 


117.5 


161.9 


67.9 


25.6 


15.5 


20.4 


132.3 


143.2 


86.8 


55.9 


2.4 


112.0 


1971 


996.5 


- 


86.2 


116.4 


196.6 


79.9 


29.7 


17.0 


25.3 


134.9 


164.4 


87.3 


55.9 


2.9 


118.5 


1972 


1,178.5 


- 


87.6 


123.3 


304.4 


93.7 


34.8 


21.2 


29.7 


139.4 


187.0 


93.6 


60.3 


3.4 


124.4 


1973 


1.138.5 


- 


79.0 


109.6 


330.9 


85.3 


31.4 


20.0 


26.4 


118.2 


196.2 


82.4 


55.9 


3.0 


130.3 


1974 


1,403.7 


- 


87.2 


128.0 


419.3 


104.0 


36.1 


23.2 


32.6 


136.1 


236.2 


103.6 


93.9 


3.6 


138.6 


1975 


1,340.9 


- 


77.8 


113.2 


455.9 


92.8 


32.6 


23.4 


28.5 


123.5 


213.7 


92.8 


82.9 


3.7 


153.4 


1976 


1,327.0 


11.7 


76.3 


106.2 


461.8 


82.5 


30.8 


22.3 


30.4 


113.5 


223.8 


85.3 


79.1 


3.5 


164.7 


TQ 


256.7 


2.3 


16.9 


28.1 


89.9 


14.2 


4.8 


5.5 


5.4 


19.7 


34.9 


22.4 


11.9 


0.6 


171.3 


1977 


1,354.5 


16.7 


78.6 


122.8 


456.0 


81.2 


31.0 


28.5 


35.6 


114.6 


,'21 


86.5 


76.9 


4.3 


178.7 



*Excludes NLM, OD, Buildings & Facilities, and Foreign Currency Programs. Constant dollars based on revised NIH biomedical R&D deflator {1968=100). tTotal (only) contains ED 
(1968-69) and DCRT (1968-70), which are no longer separately budgeted, f Contains HRF (1968). Contains GRS programs, 1974-77, formerly spread among l/RDs (but 1973 funds 
released in 1974 are spread). 



15 



Table 13 

NIH OBLIGATIONS BY FUNCTION /ME CHAN ISM, FISCAL YEARS 1968 • 1977* 

Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 

(In thousands of dollars) 



Function/mechanism 


1968 


1969 


1970 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 


1976 


TQ 


1977 


Total 


$1,102,428 


$1,087,728 


$1,057,759 


$1,211,979 


$1,505,793 


$1,530,318 


$1,994,431 


$2,108,886 


$2,238,410 


$453,932 


$2,581,988 


l/RD 


1,075,162 


1,065,989 


1,029,765 


1,180,600 


1.465.617 


1,483,530 


1,945,224 


2,056,904 


2.185,528 


439,622 


2,420,685 


Grants & R&D contracts 931,387 


907,651 


867,330 


1,003,199 


1.259,376 


1,255,585 


1,685,423 


1.744.098 


1.836,239 


350,689 


2,018,103 


Regular grants 


461,328 


454,949 


437.316 


472,389 


563,314 


585,373 


765,121 


808,404 


909,303 


184,606 


1,015,244 


Special grants 


183,272 


190,035 


183,290 


223,050 


256,778 


255,985 


326,674 


338,530 


357,825 


74,873 


407,255 


R&D contracts* 


88,789 


94,600 


96,070 


154,907 


229,630 


254,220 


335,291 


346.924 


367,921 


62,967 


385.724 


Research training 


159,629 


168,067 


150,654 


152,853 


158,651 


115,979 


186,489 


154,875 


119,998 


12,336 


127.458 


Disease control 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5.223 


33,758 


50,389 


56,471 


11,627 


60,482 


Construction 


38.369 


- 


- 


- 


51,003 


38,805 


38.090 


44,976 


24.721 


4,280 


21,940 


Direct activities 


143,775 


158,338 


162,435 


177,401 


206,241 


227,945 


259,801 


312,806 


349.289 


88.933 


402,582 


Research 


117,666 


130.029 


136,417 


144,432 


160,404 


173,610 


189,033 


224,695 


240,524 


63.555 


247,952§ 


Other" 


26,109 


28,309 


26,018 


32,969 


45,837 


54,335 


70,768 


88,111 


108,765 


25,378 


154,630§ 


MLM 


27,266 


21,739 


19,758 


21,382 


23.859 


24,964 


29,236 


28.843 


27,014 


8,429 


34,527 


OD 


- 


- 


7,988 


8,902 


11,242 


12,000 


12,695 


17,298 


18,334 


4.606 


16,921 


Buildings & facilities 


~~ 


— 


248 


1,095 


5,075 


9,824 


7.276 


5,841 


7,534 


1,275 


109,855 



'Excludes Foreign Currency Programs. ^Contains RCPAs. TDRG award data are shown through FY 1970. ^ Reflects new budget structure; not strictly comparable with prior years. 
Contains management of extramural programs, ODs of l/RDs, and some management costs applicable to overall operations. 



16 



Table 14 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD AND PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Grants and R&D contracts 


Direct activities 


l/RD & program activity 


R&D grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Researc 


n training 


Disease 
control 


Construc- 
tion 


- . Other Program 

Research .. - , ,r\n » 

direct mgt (ODs) 




Regular 


Special 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Total l/RD 


$2,420,685 


$1,015,244 


$407,255 


$385,724 


$24,946 


$102,512 


$60,482 


$21,940 


$247,952 $132,726 $21,904 


NIA 


29,879 


17,539 


133 


1,823 


413 


1,780 


- 


- 


6,093 1,359 739 


Aging 


21,688 


17,539 


133 


1,823 


413 


1,780 


- 


- 


_ 


Intramural research 


6,093 


- 


- 


- 


■- 


- 


- 


- 


6,093 


Direct operations 


1,359 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,359 


Program management 


739 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


739 


NIAID 


140,382 


76,799 


5,684 


15,279 


1,970 


4,598 


- 


- 


27,769 6,646 1,637 


lmmunology;immunologic & allergic diseases 


38,675 


32,288 


1,512 


2,235 


801 


1,839 


- 


- 


- - - 


Microbiology & infectious diseases 


65,655 


44,511 


4,172 


13,044 


1,169 


2,759 


- 


- 


- - - 


Intramural research 


27,769 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


27,769 


Direct operations 


6,646 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


6,646 


Program management 


1,637 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,637 


"Includes mgt. of extramural programs, some mg 
applicable to overall operations, etc. 


t. costs 




Total NIH $2,581,988 
l/RD 2,420,685 
NLM 34,527 
OD 16,921 
BIdgs. & fac. 109,855 






(Continued] 



17 



Table 14 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD AND PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM. FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Grants and R&D contracts 


D 


rect activities 


l/RD & program activity 


R&D grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research 


training 


Disease 
control 


Construc- 
tion 


Research 


Other 
direct* 


Program 




Regular 


Special 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


mgt (ODs) 


NIAMDD 


S 219,444 


$139,029 


$20,599 


$10,795 


$2,464 


$7,198 


- 


- 


$30,932 


$7,585 


$842 


Arthritis; bone & skin diseases 


34,488 


27,106 


3,601 


1,573 


403 


1.805 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Diabetes, endocrinology, & metabolism 


74,801 


59,380 


11,167 


1,279 


1,140 


1,835 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Digestive diseases & nutrition 


34,588 


26,441 


3,731 


2,225 


517 


1,674 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Kidney disease, urology, & hematology 


36,208 


26,102 


2,100 


5,718 


404 


1,884 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural research 


30,932 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


30,932 


- 


- 


Direct operations 


7,585 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


7,585 


- 


Program management 


842 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


842 


NCI 


814,905 


166,277 


176,701 


224,382 


4,559 


15,232 


$60,482 


$21,940 


80,517 


57,217 


7,598 


Research 


639,243 


166,277 


106,433 


224,382 


- 


- 


2,381 


- 


80,517 


52,125 


7,128 


Cause & prevention 


219.800 


41,434 


29,628 


108,065 


- 


- 


- 


- 


25,181 


13,045 


2,447 


Detection & diagnosis 


51,961 


6,814 


5,569 


23,257 


- 


- 


- 


- 


7,650 


7,782 


889 


Treatment 


252.377 


65,648 


54,171 


76,729 


- 


- 


2,381 


- 


31,699 


19,454 


2,295 


Cancer biology 


115,105 


52,381 


17,065 


16,331 


- 


- 


- 


- 


15,987 


11,844 


1,497 


Resource development 


115,644 


- 


70,268 


- 


4,559 


15,232 


- 


21,940 


- 


3,433 


212 


Cancer centers support 


59,286 


- 


57,765 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,430 


91 


Research manpower 


33,621 


- 


12,503 


- 


4,599 


15.232 


- 


- 


- 


1,259 


68 


Construction 


22,737 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


21,940 


- 


744 


53 


Cancer control 


60,018 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


58,101 


- 


- 


1,659 


258 



See footnote at beginning of table 



18 



Table 14 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RO AND PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Grants and R&D contracts 


D 


rec L activities 


l/RD & program activity 


R&D 


grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research 


training 


Disease 
control 


Construc- 
tion 


Research 


Other Program 




Regular 


Special 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


direct* mgt. (ODs) 


NICHD 


$145,111 


S84.019 


$7,944 


$20,067 


$1,553 


$7,847 


- 


- 


$15,530 


$6,766 $1,385 


Research for mothers & children 


71,607 


52,867 


7,414 


5,004 


830 


5,492 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Population 


49,823 


31,152 


530 


15,063 


723 


2,355 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural research 


15,530 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


15,530 




Direct operations 


6,766 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


6.766 


Program management 


1,385 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


-. 1.385 


NIDR 


55,405 


21,382 


8,801 


5,105 


1,154 


2,170 


- 


- 


10,653 


5,061 1,079 


Caries 


10,213 


4,759 


82 


3,190 


131 


210 


- 


- 


- 


1,841 


Periodontal diseases 


5,811 


3,649 


758 


571 


165 


668 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Restorative materials 


3,592 


2,388 


123 


401 


325 


355 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Craniofacial anomalies 


7,463 


6,167 


215 


515 


283 


283 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Pain control & behavioral studies 


1,587 


1,139 


57 


90 


95 


206 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Soft tissue, stomatology, and nutrition 


4,439 


3,280 


218 


338 


155 


448 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Dental research institutes 


7,348 


- 


7,348 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural research 


10,653 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


10,653 


- 


Direct operations 


3,220 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3,220 


Program management 


1.079 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,079 



See footnote at beginning of table. 



(Continued) 



19 



Table 14 (Cont.) 
IMIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD AND PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Grants and R&D contracts 


Direct activities 


l/RD & program activity 


R&D 


irants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research training 


Disease 
control 


Construc- 
tion 


Research 


Other 
direct* 


Program 




Regular 


Special 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


mgt. (ODs) 


NIEHS 


$50,891 


$18,592 


$7,203 


$5,102 


$431 


$3,764 


- 


- 


$13,413 


$1,223 


S1.163 


Environmental health science centers 


6,901 


- 


6,901 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Envir. mutagenesis & reprod. toxicology 


4,368 


2,199 


- 


2,096 


38 


35 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Etiology of envir. diseases & disorders 


8,525 


6,859 


90 


812 


117 


647 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Environmental pharmacology & toxicology 


12,726 


7,665 


179 


2,086 


262 


2,534 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Environmental pathogenesis 


2,572 


1,869 


33 


108 


14 


548 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural research 


13,413 


- 


. 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


13,413 


- 


- 


Direct operations 


1,223 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,223 


- 


Program management 


1,163 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,163 


NEI 


63,654 


39,969 


5,974 


3,517 


1,267 


3,364 


- 


- 


6,973 


1,623 


967 


Retinal & choroidal diseases 


22,893 


15,872 


1,925 


3,487 


723 


886 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Corneal diseases 


8,274 


5,951 


1,248 


- 


183 


892 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Cataract 


4,851 


4,134 


431 


30 


44 


242 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Glaucoma 


6,941 


4,417 


1,686 


- 


48' 


760 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Sensory-motor disorders & rehabilitation 


11,132 


9,595 


684 


- 


269 


584 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural research 


6,973 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


6,973 


- 


- 


Direct operations 


1,623 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,623 


- 


Program management 


967 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


967 



See footnote at beginning of table. 



20 



Table 14 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD AMD PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Grants and R&D contracts 


D 


rect activities 


l/RD & program activity 


R&D grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research training 


Disease 
control 


Construc- 
tion 


Research 


Other Program 




Regular 


Special 


Indiv. Inst'l 


direct* mgt. (ODs) 


NIGMS 


$204,758 


$128,021 


$24,715 


$887 


$4,316 $39,524 


- 


- 


$379 


$5,680 $1,236 


Cellular & molecular basis of disease 


69,220 


45,680 


2,489 


15 


1.423 19,613 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Genetics 


65,173 


48.469 


7,679 


621 


1,767 6,637 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Pharmacol ogy-toxicology 


26,085 


15,190 


5,359 


42 


245 5,249 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Clinical & physiological sciences 


19,126 


8,130 


6,162 


- 


66 4,768 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Biomedical engineering 


16,071 


10,552 


3,026 


209 


86 2,198 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Minority access to research careers 


1,788 


- 


- 


- 


729 1,059 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural research 


379 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


379 


- 


Direct operations 


5,680 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5,680 


Program management 


1,236 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,236 


NHLBI 


396,531 


236,176 


6,428 


81,283 


2,678 14,406 


- 


- 


32,438 


20,347 2,775 


Heart & vascular diseases 


228,317 


151,131 


2.766 


63,996 


1,864 8,560 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Lung diseases 


54,994 


39,615 


2,675 


8,671 


420 3,613 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Blood diseases & resources 


57,660 


45,430 


987 


8,616 


394 2,233 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural research 


32,438 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


32,438 


- 


Direct operations 


20,347 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


20,347 


Program management 


2,775 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2,775 



See footnote at beginning of table. 



{Continued) 



21 



Table 14 (Com.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD AND PROGRAM ACTIVITY AND BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Grants and R&D contracts 


Direct activities 


l/RD & program activity 


R&D grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research training 


Disease 
control 


Construc- 
tion 


Research 


Other 
direct* 


Program 




Regular 


Special 


Indiv. Inst'l 


mgt. (ODs) 


NINCDS 


$154,594 


$87,441 


$12,292 


$13,731 


$4,109 $2,189 


- 


- 


$23,255 


$10,178 


$1,399 


Communicative disorders 


21,148 


16,911 


2,107 


760 


622 748 


- 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


Neurological disorders 


49,601 


34,901 


5,124 


5,876 


2,704 996 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Stroke, nervous system trauma 


22,951 


16,867 


4,496 


1,429 


159 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Fundamental neurosciences 


22,257 


18,762 


565 


1,861 


624 445 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Intramural research 


27,060 


- 


- 


3,805 


- - 


- 


- 


23,255 


- 


- 


Direct operations 


10,178 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


10,178 


- 


Program management 


1,399 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,399 


DRR 


137,408 


- 


129,381 


3,753 


32 440 


- 


- 


- 


2,961 


841 


Clinical research 


47,077 


- 


46,728 


349 


- 


_ 


- 


- 


_ 


- 


Biotechnology research 


12,800 


- 


12,186 


614 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Lab. animal sciences & primate research 


22,055 


- 


19,913 


1,670 


32 440 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Biomedical research support 


40,873 


- 


40,873 


- 


- - 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Minority biomedical support 


9.711 


- 


9,681 


30 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Chem. biological info.-handling research 


1,090 


- 


- 


1,090 


- - 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Direct operations 


2,961 


- 


- 


- 


- - 


- 


- 


- 


2,961 


- 


Program management 


841 


- 


- 


- 


- - 


- 


- 


- 


- 


841 


FIC 


7,723 


- 


1,400 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


6,080 


243 


Gorgas Memorial Institute 


1,400 


- 


1,400 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Scholars 


2,904 


- 


- 


- 


- - 


- 


- 


- 


2,904 


- 


Direct operations 


3,176 


- 


- 


- 


- - 


- 


- 


- 


3,176 


- 


Program management 


243 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


243 



See footnote at beginning of table. 



22 



Table 15 
NLM APPROPRIATION AND OBLIGATIONS BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM AND ORGANIZATION, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(In thousands of dollars) 



Function/mechanism 




National 
Extramural Library Toxicology Medical 

Programs Operations Information Audiovisual 

Center 



Lister Hill 

National 

Center 

for Biomedical 

Communications 



Office 
of the 
Director 



APPROPRIA TION 



Total 


$35,234 


$8,882 


$12,658 


$2,166 


$3,401 


$3,215 


$4,912 


Medical library assistance grants 


5,200 


5,200 


— 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


Intramural programs 


1 5,200 


- 


9,533 


1,681 


2,871 


1,115 


- 


Contracts 


9,040 


2,800 


3,125 


485 


530 


2,100 


- 


Program management 


5,794 


882 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4,912 



OBLIGATIONS 



Total 


34,527 


9,184 


12,252 


1,928 


3,451 


2,777 


4,935 


Medical library assistance grants 


5,103 


5,103 


_ 


— 


_ 


— 


_ 


Intramural programs 


15,639 


- 


9,757 


1,570 


2,893 


1,419 


- 


Contracts 


8,013 


3,244 


2,495 


358 


558 


1,358 


- 


Program management 


5,772 


837 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4,935 



Table 16 

NIH AWARDS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1965-1977* 

Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 

(Dollars in millions) 



23 





Total 
amount 


Institutes and Research Divisions 




Fiscal 
year 


R&D 


Construction 
grants 


Research training 


NLM 


Research grants 


Researcr 
program 


career 
awards 


R&D 


contracts 


Individual 
awards 


Institutional 
grants 


awards 




Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


1965 


$736.1 


13,389 


$472.6 


1,049 


$19.5 


397 


$46.2 


117 $64.9 


3,198 


$22.3 


2,374 


$110.7 




1966 


809.8 


13,319 


528.6 


1,188 


22.6 


514 


50.7 


84 58.7 


3,587 


24.7 


2,568 


124.4 




1967 


899.9 


13.937 


593.3 


1,246 


25.1 


688 


82.2 


72 42.3 


3,575 


25.3 


2,411 


131.7 




1968 


957.0 


12,947 


620.2 


1,267 


26.8 


928 


88.9 


50 41.1 


3,592 


27.6 


2,405 


132.0 


$20.3 


1969 


945.5 


12,276 


621.2 


1,254 


27.9 


812 


94.6 


20 21.5 


3,842 


29.7 


2,373 


138.4 


12.2 


1970 


881.4 


11,203 


596.6 


1,179 


27.6 


854 


96.2 


3 0.5 


2,806 


22.7 


2,164 


127.9 


9.7 


1971 


1,005.4 


10,959 


671.7 


1,167 


28.0 


1,167 


143.0 


- 


2,718 


23.8 


2,111 


129.1 


9.7 


1972 


1,253.6 


11,412 


797.8 


1,156 


27.7 


1,381 


215.6 


17 44.1 


2,264 


21.5 


2,024 


136.1 


10.8 


1973 


1,241.2 


11,223 


811.6 


1,087 


25.9 


1,522 


243.9 


20 33.5 


1,233 


12.2 


1,696 


103.1 


11.1 


1974 


1.680.5 


13,364 


1,075.9 


958 


23.5 


1,882 


349.9 


9 31.7 


2,267 


30.6 


2,922 


155.9 


13.0 


1975 


1,735.3 


13,398 


1,119.1 


1,104 


26.9 


2,074 


390.9 


12 30.0 


2,056 


27.8 


1,739 


129.0 


11.6 


1976 


1,830.5 


14,264 


1,248.5 


1,024 


25.6 


1,976 


404.1 


14 20.0 


1,652 


23.2 


1,339 


98.8 


10.3 


TO* 


349.5 


3,914 


256.2 


180 


3.9 


441 


70.3 


3 3.5 


676 


8.3 


140 


4.4 


3.0 


1977 


2,015.1 


14,447 


1,401.0 


1,055 


32.7 


2,161 


419.7 


10 16.0 


1,975 


27.3 


1,200 


103.1 


15.4 



* Excludes Scientific 
increases in FY 1976 



Evaluation Grants ($8.4 mi 
awards. 



lion in FY 1977). Contains GRS programs, including NIMH portion thru FY 1974. * Contains some actions that are mere 



24 



Table 17 

NPH AWARDS BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 
amount 


R&D 


Research training 




Research 
grants 


Research 
program 


career 
awards 


R&D 


:ontracts 


Total 


NRSA 


component 


Indiv 

awa 


idual 
rds 


Institutional 
grants 


Indiv 
aw 


idual 
rds 


Institutional 
grants 




Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Total 


$2,0 15,061 • t 


14,447 


$1,401,038 


1,065 


$32,652 


2,161 


$419,652 


1,975 


$27,271 


1,200 


$103,072 


1.734 


$23,741 


884 


$76,053 


NIA 


21,268 


213 


17,352 


5 


133 


16 


1,590 


28 


412 


20 


1,780 


27 


398 


15 


1,103 


NIAID 


104,580 


1,043 


78,801 


103 


3,284 


124 


15,924 


144 


1,971 


69 


4,599 


140 


1,922 


47 


3,170 


NIAMDD 


179,400 


1,936 


152,310 


184 


5,889 


101 


11,444 


179 


2,463 


144 


7,293 


175 


2,413 


144 


7,293 


NCI 


664,045' 


3,027 


353,728 


112 


3,527 


1,166 


261,000 


335 


4,559 


117 


15,232 


325 


4,367 


103 


13,677 


NICHD 


121,243 


1,025 


89.951 


58 


1,778 


165 


20,116 


113 


1,552 


89 


7,847 


110 


1,504 


49 


4,189 


NIDR 


37,656 


359 


29,142 


30 


858 


54 


4,332 


42 


578 


39 


2,746 


40 


547 


26 


2,170 


NIEHS 


35,371 


246 


26,965 


10 


302 


26 


3,925 


33 


431 


34 


3,749 


29 


372 


27 


3,025 


NEI 


53,951 


722 


43,945 


62 


1,857 


32 


3,517 


95 


1,267 


57 


3.364 


91 


1,216 


45 


2,440 


NIGMS 


196,491 


1,889 


146,733 


177 


5,392 


4 


526 


323 


4,316 


402 


39.524 


309 


4,227 


247 


25,915 


NHLBI 


332,288 


2,106 


234,076 


208 


6,428 


334 


74,796 


190 


2,678 


190 


14,310 


188 


2,650 


143 


1 0,444 


NINCDS 


118.636 


1,099 


95,924 


105 


3,178 


93 


13,236 


299 


4,109 


31 


2.188 


298 


4,092 


31 


2,188 


DRR 


136,974 


782 


132,113 


1 


24 


23 


4,366 


2 


32 


8 


440 


2 


32 


7 


439 


FIC 


3.165 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


262 


192 


2,903 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


OTHER* 


4,619 


- 


- 


- 


- 


22 


4,619 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 



* Total (only) contains NLM grants ($5.0 million) and contracts ($10.4 million). Contains $16 million in construction grants. * Includes CC, DRS, and OD. 



25 



Table 18 

NIH AWARDS BY STATE AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(In thousands of dollars) 







Institutes and Research Divisions 






R&D 




Research train 


ing 




State 


Total 


Total 


Research 


Research career 


R&D 


Cancer 
construction 


Total 


Individual 


Institutional 


NLM 
awards 








grants 


program awards 


contracts 


grants 




awards 


grants 




Total 


$2,015,061 


$1,853,343 


$1,401,038 


$32,652 


$419,652 


$16,000 


$130,343 


$27,271 


$103,072 


$15,375 


U.S. total 


1,993,312 


1,832,437 


1,394,568 


32,652 


405,216 


16,000 


129,499 


26,427 


103,072 


15,375 


Alabama 


26,000 


24,252 


16,115 


251 


7,886 


- 


1,508 


153 


1,355 


240 


Alaska 


535 


456 


456 


— 


- 


- 


— 


— 


— 


79 


Arizona 


10,275 


9,834 


7,861 


147 


1,826 


- 


441 


97 


344 


— 


Arkansas 


2,256 


2,148 


1,549 


34 


565 


- 


38 


38 


- 


71 


California 


278,405 


256,409 


198,930 


4,318 


53,162 


- 


20,550 


5,292 


15,258 


1,445 


Colorado 


24,698 


22,504 


19,788 


599 


2,117 


- 


2,180 


576 


1,604 


14 


Connecticut 


49,242 


43,260 


38,726 


874 


3,660 


1,064 


4,810 


1,014 


3,796 


108 


Delaware 


■ 1,656 


1,646 


1,031 


42 


573 


- 


10 


10 


- 


— 


Dist. of Col. 


31,704 


26,256 


14,972 


95 


11,189 


3,874 


469 


135 


334 


1,105 


Florida 


29,158 


27,479 


21,519 


606 


5,354 


— 


1,568 


295 


1,273 


111 


Georgia 


20,749 


19,192 


15,216 


355 


3,621 


- 


919 


239 


680 


637 


Hawaii 


6,725 


6,529 


3,718 


84 


2,728 


— 


166 


74 


92 


31 


Idaho 


790 


746 


388 


29 


329 


— 


- 


- 


- 


44 


Illinois 


81,206 


73,464 


57,912 


1,593 


13,959 


895 


6,332 


977 


5,355 


515 


Indiana 


20,261 


18,735 


16,437 


462 


1,837 




1,447 


267 


1,180 


79 



(Continued) 



26 



Table 18 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS BY STATE AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Institutes and Research Divisions 






R&D 


Cancer 

construction 

grants 


F 


esearch train 


ng 




State 


Total 


Research 
grants 


Research career 
program awards 


R&D 
contracts 


Total 


Individual 
awards 


Institutional 
grants 


NLM 
awards 


Iowa 


$18,234 


$16,923 


$12,882 


$426 


$3,635 


— 


$1,311 


$184 


$1,127 


- 


Kansas 


12,356 


11,598 


9,608 


359 


1,631 


— 


758 


82 


676 


- 


Kentucky 


6,623 


6,199 


5,070 


32 


1,097 


- 


139 


67 


72 


$285 


Louisiana 


14,544 


13,914 


11,444 


263 


2,207 


_ 


581 


123 


458 


50 


Maine 


4,809 


4.661 


3,897 


29 


735 


- 


74 


26 


48 


74 


Maryland 


132,700 


124,547 


42,315 


1,035 


81,197 


- 


5,630 


1,933 


3,697 


2,523 


Massachusetts 


191,955 


172,421 


140,819 


3,809 


27,793 


$4,365 


14,501 


3,908 


10,593 


668 


Michigan 


48,699 


45,176 


33,413 


461 


1 1 ,302 


- 


3,186 


553 


2,633 


337 


Minnesota 


54,654 


51,116 


35,904 


645 


14,566 


- 


3,277 


590 


2,687 


261 


Mississippi 


4,342 


3,991 


3,059 


31 


901 


- 


350 


30 


320 


- 


Missouri 


49,002 


44,417 


37,080 


992 


6,346 


- 


4,415 


605 


3,810 


171 


Montana 


577 


512 


396 


30 


86 


- 


- 


- 


- 


65 


Nebraska 


6,627 


6,195 


2,900 


- 


3,295 


- 


33 


- 


33 


398 


Nevada 


481 


481 


339 


- 


142 


- 


— 


- 


— 


.- 


New Hampshire 


5,734 


5,703 


4,139 


142 


1,422 


- 


31 


31 


- 


- 


New Jersey 


20,113 


18,452 


9,590 


278 


8,584 


- 


1,092 


179 


912 


569 


New Mexico 


8,659 


8,432 


6,657 


157 


1,618 


- 


228 


32 


196 


- 


New York 


281,009 


258,099 


219,211 


4,341 


34,547 


4,120 


17,346 


3,047 


14,299 


1,444 


North Carolina 


54,835 


48,087 


40,655 


1,348 


6,084 


- 


6,622 


716 


5,906 


126 


North Dakota 


360 


289 


289 


- 


- 


- 


70 


- 


70 


- 



(Continued) 



27 



Table 18 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS BY STATE AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(In thousands of dollars) 







Institutes and Research Divisions 






R&D 


Cancer 


Research training 




















NLM 


State 


Total 




Research 


Research career 


R&D 


construction 




Individual 


Institutional 


awards 






Total 


grants 


program awards 


contracts 


grants 


Total 


awards 


grants 




Ohio 


$49,684 


$43,681 


$34,101 


$561 


$9,019 


$1,682 


$2,997 


$334 


$2,663 


$1,325 


Oklahoma 


7,689 


7,415 


4,631 


75 


2,709 


_ 


274 


39 


235 


- 


Oregon 


20,133 


19,290 


15,731 


527 


3,033 


— 


843 


263 


579 


- 


Pennsylvania 


116,956 


108,892 


92,272 


1,966 


14,653 


- 


7,054 


1,158 


5,896 


1,010 


Rhode Island 


6,660 


6,342 


4,789 


184 


1,369 


- 


318 


130 


188 


- 


South Carolina 


5,842 


5,603 


4,900 


60 


643 




239 


72 


167 


- 


South Dakota 


301 


275 


250 


25 


- 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


26 


Tennessee 


31,881 


29,712 


26,272 


549 


2,891 


— 


2,169 


345 


1,823 


- 


Texas 


87,025 


82,444 


65,752 


1,703 


14,989 


- 


4,273 


960 


3,313 


308 


Utah 


17,198 


16,635 


11,508 


462 


4,666 


- 


541 


105 


435 


23 


Vermont 


6,989 


6,817 


5,960 


135 


722 




172 


29 


143 


- 


Virginia 


39,913 


37,393 


16,553 


881 


19,959 


_ 


1,734 


283 


1,451 


785 


Washington 


54,205 


49,595 


40,551 


737 


8,308 


- 


4,188 


728 


3,460 


422 


West Virginia 


1,401 


1,245 


1,075 


56 


113 


- 


132 


13 


119 


25 


Wisconsin 


43,019 


38,583 


33,136 


739 


4,707 


- 


4,436 


682 


3,753 


- 


Wyoming 


423 


419 


242 


30 


147 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3 


Puerto Rico 


3,839 


3,786 


2,582 


95 


1,109 


— 


52 


15 


37 


- 


Pacific Trust 






















Territory 


184 


184 


- 


- 


184 


_ 


— 


— 


— 


- 


Foreign 


21,749 


20,906 


6,470 


- 


14,436 


- 


844 


844 


- 


- 



28 



Table 19 

NIH AWARDS BY PERFORMING INSTITUTION AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(Dollars in thousands) 

















Insti 


utes and Research Divisions 
















H&t 










„ 


Performing 
institution 












Research grants 


Research career 


R8fD contracts 


construction 










Total 

amount 








program awards 








grants 




No. of 
inst. • 


Amount 


Percent 


No. of 
inst.* 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Total 


1,207 


$2,015,061 


100.0% 


$1,853,342 


782 


14,447 


$1,401,038 


1,055 $32,652 


2,161 


$419,652 


10 


$16,000 




1,060 


1,993,312 


98.9 


1,832,437 


706 


14,299 


1 ,394,568 


1,055 32,652 


2.030 


405,216 


10 


16.000 


Nonprofit 


919 


1,864,656 


92.5 


1,708,006 


706 


14,299 


1 ,394.568 


1.055 32,652 


1,722 


280.786 


10 


16,000 


Higher education 


380 


1 ,444,855 


71.7 


1,309,638 


366 


11,942 


1,118,206 


950 29.281 


1,063 


162.151 


7 


11,122 


Medical schoolsT 


119 


991,804 


49.2 


900,988 


117 


7,270 


754,796 


652 20,437 


778 


125,756 


6 


9,624 


Government 


119 


46,516 


2.3 


43,156 


61 


311 


26,079 


5 185 


95 


16,892 


1 


600 


Federal 


31 


3.486 


0.2 


1.943 


15 


21 


1,371 


- 


6 


572 


- 


- 


Research institutes 


10 


1,401 


0.1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Hospitals 


15 


1,305 


0.1 


1,262 


13 


18 


1,262 


- 


- 


- 


- 


~ 


Other 


6 


781 


0.0 


682 


2 


3 


110 


- - 


6 


572 


- 


- 


State and local 


88 


43,030 


2.1 


41.213 


46 


290 


24,708 


5 185 


89 


16,320 


1 


600 


Research institutes 


6 


2,573 


0.1 


2,564 


5 


39 


2,379 


- 


2 


184 


- 


- 


Hospitals 


37 


23,572 


1.2 


22,570 


24 


186 


17,491 


5 185 


40 


4.894 


- 


- 


Other 


45 


16,884 


0.8 


16,080 


17 


65 


4,838 


- 


47 


11,242 


1 


600 


Other nonprofit 


420 


373,284 


18.5 


355,212 


279 


2,046 


250,283 


100 3.185 


564 


101,743 


2 


4,278 


Research institutes 


137 


208,434 


10.3 


198,254 


108 


999 


135,831 


39 1,263 


320 


61,160 


2 


4,278 


Hospitals§ 


171 


134,269 


6.7 


129,171 


118 


928 


100,758 


58 1,829 


158 


26,583 


- 


- 


Other 


112 


30,581 


1.5 


27,787 


53 


119 


13,694 


3 93 


86 


14.000 


- 


-. 


Profit 


141 


128,656 


6.4 


124,430 


- 


- 


- 


- - 


308 


124.430 


- 


- 


Research institutes 


58 


44,028 


2.2 


43.930 


- 


- 


- 


- 


150 


43,930 


- 


- 


Other 


83 


84,629 


4.2 


80,501 


- 


- 


- 


- 


158 


80,501 


- 


- 


Foreign II 


147 


21.749 


1.1 


20,906 


76 


148 


6,470 


- 


131 


14,436 


- 


- 



"Each individual institution, 
joint schools of medicine and 
institutions. 



or separate branch of a university or college belonging to a State system 
dentistry. § Independent hospitals not owned by institutions classified as 



of higher education, is counted separately. Contains all 
Higher Education, Government, or Research Institute. " 



hospitals owned by these institutions. Contains 
U.S. citizens and nationals training in foreign 

(Continued) 



Table 19 (Cont.) 
NIH AWARDS BY PERFORMING INSTITUTION AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

{Dollars In thousands) 



29 





Institutes and Research Divisions 


NLM 






Research training 


awards 


Performing 
institution 


All research training 


NRSA 






Total 
amount 


Indivi 


dual awards 


Institut 


onal grants 


Total 

amount 


Indivic 


ual awards 


Institut 


onal grants 


Number of 
institutions* 






Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


Total 


3130,343 


1,975 


$27,271 


1,200 


$103,072 


$99,794 


1,734 


$23,741 


884 


$76,053 


213 


$15,375 


Domestic 


129,499 


1,915 


26.427 


1,200 


103,072 


98,974 


1,675 


22,921 


884 


76.053 


213 


15,375 


Nonprofit 


129,499 


1.915 


26.427 


1,200 


103,072 


98,974 


1,675 


22,921 


884 


76,053 


180 


11,149 


Higher education t 


117,169 


1,609 


22.189 


1,088 


94.980 


89,272 


1,426 


19,567 


796 


69,705 


106 


6,925 


Medical schools' 


77,294 


943 


13,181 


756 


64,113 


59,654 


817 


11,337 


572 


48,317 


51 


3,898 


Government 


2,514 


136 


1,773 


12 


740 


1,694 


96 


1.134 


9 


560 


12 


246 


Federal 


1,464 


114 


1,464 


- 


- 


852 


76 


852 


- 


- 


1 


78 


Research institutes 


1.401 


109 


1,401 


- 


- 


815 


73 


815 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Hospitals 


43 


3 


43 


- 


- 


17 


1 


17 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Other 


21 


2 


21 


- 


- 


21 


2 


21 


- 


- 


1 


78 


State and local 


1.049 


22 


309 


12 


740 


842 


20 


282 


9 


560 


11 


167 


Research institutes 


9 


1 


9 


- 


- 


9 


1 


9 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Hospitals 


901 


19 


282 


10 


619 


743 


18 


258 


8 


485 


9 


101 


Other 


139 


2 


18 


2 


121 


90 


1 


15 


1 


75 


2 


66 


Other nonprofit 


9,817 


170 


2,465 


100 


7,352 


8,008 


153 


2,219 


79 


5,789 


62 


3,978 


Research institutes 


4,698 


87 


1,246 


39 


3,452 


4,308 


78 


1,123 


35 


3,185 


8 


1,204 


Hospitals! 


4,527 


76 


1,128 


55 


3,400 


3,149 


68 


1,005 


39 


2,144 


25 


571 


Other 


591 


7 


91 


6 


500 


549 


7 


91 


5 


458 


29 


2,203 


Profit 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


33 


4,226 


Research institutes 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


98 


Other 


- 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


31 


4,128 


Foreign II 


844 


60 


844 


- 


- 


820 


59 


820 


- 


- 


- 


- 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



30 



Table 20 
NIH AWARDS TO U.S. INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION BY COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

{Dollars in thousands) 





Total 










nstitutes and Research D 


visions 










R&D 


Cancer 




Major component 
















construction 










Researcl 






R&D coi 












Total 

amount 






program 


awards 












Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Total — all institutions 


($2,015,061) 




($1,853,342) 


(14,447) 


($1,401,038) 


(1,055) 


($32,652) 


(2,161) 


($419,652) 


(10) 


(S16.000) 


Total — higher education 


1,444,855 


100.0% 


1,309,638 


11,942 


1,118,206 


950 


29,281 


1,063 


162,151 


7 


11,122 


Health professional components 


1,114,867 


77.1 


1,014,107 


8,172 


842,014 


723 


22,559 


920 


149,534 


6 


9,624 


Medical schools* 


991,804 


68.6 


900,988 


7.270 


754,796 


652 


20,437 


778 


125,756 


6 


9,624 


Public health 


34.745 


2.4 


30,765 


193 


23,081 


17 


509 


47 


7,175 


- 


- 


Dentistry 
Hospitals* 


27,457 


1.9 


24,864 


254 


21,539 


24 


689 


25 


2,636 


_ 


- 


27,771 


1.9 


27,008 


108 


18.853 


6 


191 


27 


7,963 


_ 


_ 


Veterinary medicine 


14.734 


1.0 


13,539 


139 


11,749 


6 


187 


14 


1,603 


_ 


_ 


Pharmacy 


10,360 


0.7 


9,471 


141 


7,560 


11 


362 


15 


1,550 


_ 


_ 


Other 


7,996 


0.6 


7,472 


67 


4,436 


7 


185 


14 


2,850 


- 


- 


Schools of A&S and graduate schools 


213,308 


14.8 


187,469 


2,720 


175,316 


195 


5,812 


77 


6,342 


1 


1,499 


Other components 


116,681 


8.1 


108,061 


1,050 


100,875 


32 


910 


66 


6,276 


_ 


_ 


Organized research units 


24,613 


1.7 


23,196 


160 


21,650 


2 


28 


14 


1,518 


_ 


_ 


Engineering 


23,166 


1.6 


21,132 


234 


18,326 


17 


528 


25 


2,278 


_ 


_ 


Agriculture 


19,723 


1.4 


16,855 


255 


15,345 


9 


247 


12 


1,263 


_ 


_ 


Primate centers 


9,060 


0.6 


9,037 


21 


8,552 


1 


27 


8 


458 


_ 


_ 


University -wide 


30,240 


2.1 


30,147 


313 


30,086 


_ 


_ 


1 


61 


_ 


_ 


Other 


9,879 


0.7 


7,693 


67 


6,914 


3 


81 


6 


699 


- 


- 



"Contains joint schools of medicine and dentistry, hospitals owned by institutions of higher education. 



(Continued} 



Table 20 (Cont) 
NIH AWARDS TO U.S. INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION BY COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(Dollars in thousands) 



31 





Institutes and Research Divisions 














Research training 










NLM 


Major component 


Total 
amount 


All research training 


NRSA 






Individ 


al awards 


Institutional grants 


Total 

amount 


Individual awards 


Institutional grants 






Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


Total — all institutions 


($130,343) 


(1,975) 


($27,271) 


(1,200) 


($103,072) 


($99,794) 


(1.734) 


($23,741) 


(884) 


($76,053) 


($15,375) 


Total — higher education 


117,169 


1,609 


22,189 


1,088 


94,980 


89,272 


1.426 


19,567 


796 


69,705 


6,925 


Health professional components 


86,652 


1,036 


14,569 


854 


72,083 


66,970 


895 


12,478 


644 


54,492 


4,482 


Medical schools* 


77,294 


943 


13,181 


756 


64,113 


59,654 


817 


11,337 


572 


48,317 


3,898 


Public health 


3,980 


17 


271 


43 


3,709 


2,971 


13 


213 


32 


2,758 


- 


Dentistry 


2,206 


29 


444 


23 


1,762 


1,886 


21 


310 


17 


1,576 


386 


Hospitals 


763 


9 


129 


4 


634 


746 


8 


112 


4 


634 


- 


Veterinary medicine 


1.143 


19 


291 


12 


852 


682 


18 


271 


6 


411 


52 


Pharmacy 


889 


8 


106 


12 


783 


656 


7 


91 


9 


565 


- 


Other 


377 


11 


145 


4 


231 


375 


11 


144 


4 


231 


147 


Schools of A&S and graduate schools 


23,637 


458 


6,044 


171 


17,593 


17,060 


426 


5,629 


109 


11,431 


703 


Other components 


6,880 


115 


1,576 


63 


5,304 


5,241 


105 


1.459 


43 


3,782 


1.741 


Organized research units 


1,234 


39 


560 


12 


674 


1.081 


35 


514 


11 


567 


184 


Engineering 


1,949 


33 


448 


23 


1,501 


1,295 


31 


419 


13 


876 


85 


Agriculture 
Primate centers 


2.828 
22 


34 


441 
3 


19 
1 


2,387 

19 


2,320 
22 


31 


413 
3 


13 
1 


1,907 
19 


41 


University wide 


- 


- 


- 


- 




_ 


_ 


- 


_ 


_ 


93 


Other 


847 


9 


125 


8 


722 


525 


8 


112 


5 


413 


1,338 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



32 



Table 21 

NIH AWARDS BY NIH COMPONENT AND PERFORMER. FISCAL YEAR 1977 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Domestic nonprofit institutions 


Domestic 


profit institutions 




NIH 


Total 




Higher 


ducation 




Research 
institutes 


Hospitals 


Other 


Total 


Research 
institutes 


Other 


Foreign 
institutions 


component 


Total 


Medical 
schools" 


Other health 

professional 

schools 


Other 


Total 


S2.01 5,061 


SI, 864,656 


SI, 444.855 


S991.804 


8123,062 


$329,990 


$212,408 


S159.146 


S48.246 


S1 28,656 


S44.028 


S84.629 


$21,749 


l/RD 


1,999,686 


1.853.506 


1.437.930 


987,906 


122,478 


327,546 


211,204 


158,474 


45,899 


124,430 


43,929 


80,501 


21,749 


NIA 


21,268 


20,615 


16,601 


8,912 


963 


6,727 


2,011 


1,582 


420 


612 


54 


557 


41 


NIAID 


104.580 


102.810 


83,311 


56,394 


7,387 


19,530 


10,289 


7,535 


1,676 


1,063 


1,061 


1 


707 


NIAMDD 


179,400 


177,390 


145,268 


118,350 


4,330 


22,589 


9,885 


21.435 


802 


777 


329 


448 


1,233 


NCI 


654,045 


543,538 


341,907 


253,715 


40,544 


47,648 


116,360 


60,376 


24,894 


98,496 


32,415 


66,081 


12,011 


NICHD 


121,243 


118,148 


94,755 


57,590 


9,570 


27,595 


12,222 


9,051 


2,119 


2,379 


1,055 


1,324 


716 


NIDR 


37,656 


36,537 


31,176 


6,228 


22,119 


2,829 


2,758 


620 


1,984 


863 


589 


274 


257 


NIEHS 


35,371 


33,583 


30,243 


14,495 


6,441 


9.307 


2,718 


556 


67 


1,613 


1,269 


344 


175 


NEI 


53,951 


53,462 


44,916 


32,651 


1,543 


10,722 


4,611 


3.676 


259 


30 


- 


30 


458 


NIQMS 


196,491 


195,710 


181,951 


89,518 


4,978 


87,455 


8,971 


3,764 


1,023 


127 


29 


99 


654 


NHLBI 


332,288 


316,242 


255,887 


217,839 


14,246 


23,802 


24,086 


29,289 


6,980 


11,811 


5.330 


6,481 


4,235 


NINCDS 


118,636 


115,497 


98,859 


77,970 


3,230 


17,659 


6,245 


9,263 


1,130 


1,900 


1,584 


316 


1,238 


DRR 


136,974 


134,921 


110,226 


52,613 


6.866 


50,747 


9,956 


11,172 


3,567 


2,054 


187 


1,867 


- 


FIC 


3,165 


3,145 


2,298 


1,533 


175 


591 


689 


154 


3 


- 


- 


- 


21 


OTHER t 


4,619 


1,908 


531 


99 


86 


346 


403 


- 


975 


2,706 


27 


2,679 


5 


NLM 


15,375 


11,149 


6.925 


3,898 


583 


2.444 


1,204 


673 


2,347 


4,226 


98 


4,128 


- 



Contains joint schools of medicine and dentistry. Includes all nonprofit hospitals not owned by schools or research institutes. * includes CC, DRS, and OD. 



33 



Table 22 
NIH AWARDS TO U.S. MEDICAL SCHOOLS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1967-1977' 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 

amount 








Institutes and Research Divi 


ions 












Fiscal 
year 


R&D 


Construction 
grants 


Research training 


NLM 


Research grants 


Research career 
program awards 


R&D contracts 


Individual 
awards 


Institutional 
grants 


awards 




Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


1967 


$435,727 


6,907 


$303,772 


916 $18,842 


NA 


NA 


31 


$18,541 


1,142 


$8,923 


1,539 


$84,188 


$1,461 


1968 


466,532 


6,508 


323,143 


932 20,080 


NA 


NA 


25 


21,525 


1,197 


10,497 


1,565 


84,630 


6,657 


1969 


465,896 


6,236 


329,507 


877 20,116 


NA 


NA 


10 


1 2,535 


1,320 


11,581 


1,566 


89,763 


2,394 


1970 


431,906 


5,794 


318,574 


805 19,349 


NA 


NA 


1 


24 


992 


9,143 


1,440 


83,882 


933 


1971 


479,600 


5,731 


363,928 


777 19.265 


NA 


NA 


- 


- 


1,031 


10,271 


1,425 


85,052 


1,085 


1972 


566,064 


5,842 


435,333 


747 18,573 


NA 


NA 


4 


11,292 


917 


9,377 


1,361 


89.979 


1,511 


1973 


636,459 


5,731 


447,226 


687 17,004 


527 


$74,388 


9 


18,310 


524 


5.518 


1,135 


69,437 


4,574 


1974 


851,197 


6,668 


588,948 


625 15,854 


688 


110,695 


5 


14,525 


1,107 


15,370 


1,911 


100,655 


5.150 


1975 


873,620 


6,728 


620,610 


685 17,330 


733 


118,583 


7 


17,029 


981 


13,436 


1,127 


82,054 


4,578 


1976 


891,485 


7,177 


680,975 


630 16,168 


686 


110,834 


8 


8,327 


813 


11,589 


806 


60,037 


3,557 


1977 


991,804 


7,270 


754,796 


652 20,437 


778 


125,756 


6 


9,624 


943 


13,181 


756 


64,113 


3,898 



* Contains joint schools of medicine and dentistry. Does not include TQ. 



Table 23 
NIH SUPPORT OF CLINICAL TRIALS ACTIVE IN FISCAL YEAR 1976 BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNCTION/MECHANISM 

(Dollars in thousands) 



NIH 


Total 




Extramural 


support 




Intramural 
support''' 


Started before 1976 


Started 


in 1976 


component 


Number Amount 


Total 


Research 
grants 


R&D 
contracts * 


Giants & 
contracts 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Total 


921 


$120,450 


$112,394 


$35,997 


$73,920 


$2,477 


$8,056 


592 


$99,346 


329 


$21,104 


NIAID 


142 


4,815 


4,022 


1,943 


2,063 


16 


793 


104 


3,140 


38 


1,675 


NIAMDD 


50 


7,752 


7,265 


2,102 


5,163 


- 


487 


41 


5,753 


9 


1,999 


NCI 


522 


41,918 


38,452 


22,478 


13,736 


2,238 


3,467 


276 


27,569 


246 


14,349 


NICHD 


52 


5,986 


5,833 


2,429 


3,275 


129 


153 


39 


4,528 


13 


1,458 


NIDR 


34 


1,613 


1,127 


602 


525 


- 


486 


30 


1,418 


4 


195 


NEI 


21 


4,658 


4,445 


1,400 


3,045 


- 


212 


17 


4,461 


4 


197 


NHLBI 


26 


50,762 


49,688 


3,926 


45,668 


94 


1,074 


22 


49,968 


4 


796 


NINCDS 


74 


2,946 


1,562 


1,117 


445 


- 


1,384 


63 


2,511 


11 


435 



Includes interagency agreements without intramural support. Includes interagency agreements with intramural support. 



35 



2,000 



Figure 3 

NIH COMPETING RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS REVIEWED BY COUNCILS, 
FISCAL YEARS 1967-1977* 

NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS 

$1,200r 



DOLLARS IN MILLIONS (DIRECT COST) 






1967 '68 



J I I L 



J L 



1,000 



800 



600 



400 



200 







/ 
/ 



A N / 

/ V 



AMOUNT REQUESTED 



J 



r' 



/ RECOMMENDED / 
/ FOR APPROVAL,-"^ / 




J I I 



AWARDED 

I L 



J L 



'69 '70 '71 '72 '73 '74 '75 '76 '77 1967 '68 '69 '70 '71 '72 '73 '74 '75 '76 '77 

"Excludes TQ. All years include RCPAs; exclude NLM, originals of amended applications, and applications awarded for budget periods of 24 months or more. 



36 



Table 24 
AWARD RATES FOR NIH COMPETING RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS BY NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL YEARS 1967 AND 1977* 









Number 




Amount (in thousands of dollar 


>* 


NIH 
component 


Reviewed by 
councils 


Percent 

recommended 

for approval 


Percent of 

council 

recommendations 

awarded 


Requested in 

reviewed 
applications 


Percent 
recommended 
for approval 


Percent of 

council 

recommendations 

awarded 




1967 


1977 


1967 1977 


1967 1977 


1967 1977 


1967 1977 


1967 1977 


Total 


8,536 


13,175 


66.2% 71.9% 


81.5% 48.0% 


$331,553 $1,119,777 


55.8% 50.7% 


83.1% 58.0% 


NIA 


- 


330 


63.3 


64.6 


22.590 


44.7 


65.0 


NIAID 


905 


1,053 


71.2 80.4 


85.7 33.6 


26,447 57,131 


65.0 63.2 


88.2 41.0 


NIAMDD 


1,652 


1,754 


66.3 77.3 


83.0 53.7 


51,216 141,600 


58.1 50.7 


84.4 60.8 


NCI 


837 


2,894 


61.2 64.9 


81.8 47.2 


38,608 308,260 


52.4 44.9 


85.9 60.4 


NICHD 


782 


1,179 


54.1 65.1 


81.1 42.0 


30,074 80,752 


43.5 52.0 


81.1 52.9 


NIDR 


247 


388 


53.8 55.7 


83.7 57.2 


11,252 24,215 


59.6 46.6 


77.0 67.5 


NIEHS 


78 


252 


66.7 77.8 


90.0 61.7 


4,935 16,389 


44.8 61.7 


94.6 66.0 


NEI 


- 


468 


83.5 


64.1 


26,839 


80.1 


58.3 


NIGMS 


1,472 


1,493 


73.2 83.1 


63.6 38.7 


60,463 102,923 


56.8 56.0 


72.2 49.4 


NHLBI 


1,285 


2,101 


61.6 71.6 


86.5 55.0 


53,336 221,868 


51.2 48.8 


88.0 60.5 


NINCDS 


1,119 


1,088 


71.3 68.1 


93.5 39.1 


36,381 73,277 


61.9 49.2 


90.9 50.6 


DRR 


84 


175 


72.6 76.0 


83.3 77.9 


18,617 43,935 


61.7 55.0 


78.7 81.0 


FIC 


75 


- 


89.3 


97.0 


225 


100.8 


90.9 



* Excludes NLM, applications with later amendments, and applications withdrawn prior to council review. Includes applications withdrawn subsequent to council review. 
Includes RCPAs. Applications awarded for budget periods of 24 months or more are included in computing rates of recommendations for approval but not award rates. 
FY 1977 data as of January 1978. Direct costs only. 



37 



12,000 



10,000 



8,000 



6,000 



4,000 



2,000 



Figure 4 
ISHH RESEARCH GRANTS BY TYPE, FISCAL YEARS 1968-1977* 

NUMBER OF AWARDS DOLLARS IN MILLIONS 

$ 1,000 1 



CONTINUATION 



..J 



r- 



NEW 

RENEWAL 

SUPPLEMENTAL 




I I I j L 



800 



600 



400 



200 



CONTINUATION 




1968 '69 '70 '71 '72 '73 '74 '75 '76 '77 1968 '69 '70 '71 '72 '73 '74 '75 '76 '77 

"Excludes TQ. Excludes NLM. Includes RCPAs. GRS programs included under Continuations. 



38 



Table 25 
NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY KIND AND TYPE, FISCAL ' 
(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 


New 


Renewal 
(competing) 


Continuation 
(noncompeting) 


Supplemental 
(competing and non-competing) 




Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


To current-year grants 


To prior-year grants 




Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Total 


15,687 


$1,433,690 


2,559 


$185,547 


1,848 


$241,033 


10,274 


$972,247 


142 


$7,692 


864 


$27,173 


Research projects 


12.954 


852,810 


2,236 


137,367 


1,665 


144,820 


8,211 


556,362 


97 


2,285 


745 


11,976 


Traditional (ROD 


12,006 


768,364 


1,962 


121,432 


1,532 


124,121 


7,770 


511,227 


89 


1,973 


653 


9,611 


Other 


948 


84,446 


274 


15,935 


133 


20.699 


441 


45,135 


8 


312 


92 


2,365 


Research career program awards 


1,056 


32,652 


210 


6,329 


- 


- 


842 


26,300 


1 


21 


3 


2 


Research program projects (P01 } 


512 


219,790 


41 


19,039 


61 


32,623 


337 


157,948 


15 


3,240 


58 


6,939 


Research centers and resources 


597 


276,189 


70 


22,286 


93 


57,663 


351 


186,045 


25 


1,939 


58 


8,256 


Specialized centers of research 


212 


98,080 


19 


8,096 


37 


21,515 


114 


61,615 


14 


864 


28 


5,990 


Center core grants 


131 


77,250 


9 


3,154 


23 


21,877 


86 


51,025 


7 


811 


6 


383 


General clinical research centers 


83 


46,728 


1 


305 


11 


6,129 


70 


40,194 


- 


- 


1 


100 


Comprehensive centers of research 


39 


21,197 


20 


7,808 


5 


4,826 


8 


7,556 


2 


219 


4 


788 


Animal resource grants 


62 


19,033 


10 


1,374 


6 


788 


38 


16,650 


- 


- 


8 


222 


Biotechnology resource grants 


55 


12,552 


6 


1,274 


9 


2,343 


29 


8,347 


2 


45 


9 


543 


Exploratory grants 


15 


1,349 


5 


275 


2 


185 


6 


658 


- 


- 


2 


230 


Biomed. res. sup. & dev. grants (GRSI 


467 


40,673 


- 


- 


- 


- 


467 


40,673 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Minority biomedical support grants 


101 


11,576 


2 


525 


29 


5,927 


66 


4,917 


4 


207 


- 


- 



"Excludes NLM. Each supplemental grant is counted separately. 



Table 26 

DIRECT AND INDIRECT COSTS AWARDED FOR NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY TYPE OF PERFORMER. 

FISCAL YEARS 1971, 1973. 1975, AND 1977* 

(In thousands of dollars) 



39 



Type of 
performer 


FY 1971 


FY 1973 


FY 1975 


FY 1977 


Total 


Direct 


Indirect 


Total 


Direct 


Indirect 


Total 


Direct 


Indirect 


Total 


Direct 


Indirect 




cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


cost 


Total 


$617,452 


$488,641 


$128,810 


$785,664 


$605,734 


$179,931 


$1,068,563 


$807,968 


$260,595 


$1,348,789 


$997,485 


$351,304 


Public 


281,722 


219.988 


61,734 


345,419 


265,988 


79,431 


480,582 


368,532 


112,050 


589,499 


447,957 


141,542 


Private 


335,730 


268,654 


67,076 


440,246 


339,746 


100,500 


587,981 


439,436 


148,545 


759,291 


549,528 


209,763 


Higher education 


502,205 


395.096 


107,108 


635,974 


487,609 


148,365 


863,776 


650,740 


213,036 


1,076,354 


794,377 


281,978 


Public 


265,849 


206,886 


58,963 


324,117 


248,476 


75,641 


453,832 


346,886 


106,947 


560,975 


424,611 


136,364 


Private 


236,356 


188,210 


48,145 


311,858 


239,133 


72,724 


409,944 


303,855 


106,089 


515,380 


369,766 


145,614 


Research institutes 


47,807 


37,546 


10,262 


62,429 


46,562 


1 5,867 


94,361 


68,539 


25,821 


134,199 


94,875 


39,324 


Public 


2,100 


1,614 


486 


662 


487 


175 


2,122 


1,689 


434 


2,510 


1,932 


578 


Private 


45,707 


35,932 


9,775 


61,767 


46,075 


1 5,692 


92,238 


66,851 


25,388 


131,688 


92,943 


38,746 


Independent hospitals 


57,544 


47,386 


10,158 


75,071 


61,099 


13,972 


96,551 


76,786 


19,765 


115,523 


88,928 


26,595 


Public 


9,632 


7,736 


1,896 


14,899 


12,084 


2,815 


19,695 


15,713 


3,982 


18,056 


14,401 


3,655 


Private 


47,912 


39,650 


8,262 


60,172 


49,015 


11,157 


76,855 


61,072 


15,783 


97,467 


74,527 


22,940 


Other 


9,896 


8,614 


1,282 


12,190 


10,464 


1,726 


13,875 


11,903 


1,973 


22,713 


19,306 


3,408 


Public 


4,141 


3,752 


389 


5,741 


4,941 


800 


4,932 


4,244 


688 


7,958 


7,013 


945 


Private 


5,755 


4,861 


894 


6,449 


5,523 


926 


8,944 


7,659 


1,285 


14,756 


12,292 


2,463 



"Excludes NLM, RCPAs, and GRS programs. Includes government hospitals and those not owned by institutions shown above. 



40 



Table 27 

GRANTEE EXPENDITURES FROM NIH RESEARCH GRANT FUNDS BY NIH COMPONENT 

AND KIND OF GRANT AND BY TYPE OF EXPENDITURE, FISCAL YEAR 1974* 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 


Direct cost expenditures 


Indirect cost expenditures 


NIH component 
and kind of grant 


Total 

amount 


Percent distribution 


Total 


Personnel 


Consultants 


Patient 

Travel 
care cost 


Equipment 


Supplies 


Other 


. Percent Percent 
Amount , ,. 

of total of direct 


Total of A or B 


$1,019,362 


$794,834 


100.0% 


63.8% 


0.4% 


3.3% 1.4% 


8.9% 


15.0% 


7.1% 


$224,528 22.0% 28.2% 



A. NIH COMPONENT 



l/RD 


1,018.103 


793,852 


100.0 


63.8 


0.4 


3.3 


1.4 


8.9 


15.0 


7.1 


224,250 


22.0 


28.2 


NIA 


2,770 


2.101 


100.0 


66.4 


1.3 


0.2 


1.6 


6.2 


18.0 


6.2 


668 


24.1 


31.8 


NIAID 


65,561 


49,011 


100.0 


66.6 


1 


1 


1.7 


5.7 


20.8 


5.1 


16,550 


25.2 


33.8 


NIAMDD 


112,775 


85,431 


100.0 


65.4 


0.2 


1.0 


1.3 


8.3 


18.0 


5.7 


27,345 


24.2 


32.0 


NCI 


214,799 


154,935 


100.0 


62.9 


0.9 


3.4 


1.7 


7.8 


15.5 


7.9 


49,862 


23.2 


30.2 


NICHD 


76,314 


57,226 


100.0 


69.6 


0.3 


0.2 


1.5 


6.4 


14.9 


7.0 


19,088 


25.0 


33.4 


NIDR 


23,927 


17,681 


100.0 


73.5 


0.5 


0.2 


1.6 


6.0 


14.0 


4.3 


6,246 


26.1 


35.3 


NIEHS 


15,473 


11,472 


100.0 


70.1 


0.3 


0.0 


1.4 


9.2 


14.5 


4.4 


4,001 


25.9 


34.9 


NEI 


28,177 


21,019 


100 


68.4 


0.3 


0.4 


1.3 


10,1 


14.6 


5.0 


7.158 


25.4 


34.1 


NIGMS 


106,585 


79,641 


100.0 


64.9 


0.2 


0.3 


1.4 


9.8 


17.6 


5.8 


26,945 


25.3 


33.8 


NHLBI 


168,641 


128.188 


100.0 


65.1 


3 


1.5 


1.4 


7.4 


14.7 


9.5 


40,452 


24.0 


31.6 


NINCDS 


80.743 


60,845 


100.0 


65.3 


0.3 


1.0 


1.5 


11.0 


15.4 


5.5 


19,898 


24.6 


32.7 


DRR ? 


122,339 


116,302 


100.0 


53.9 


0.4 


14.4 


0.9 


13.8 


8.6 


8.1 


6,037 


4.9 


5.2 


NLM 


1,259 


981 


100.0 


74.0 


2.0 


0.0 


4.1 


5.6 


5.9 


8.4 


278 


22.1 


28.3 



B. KIND OF GRANT 



Research projects 


600.693 


452,799 


100.0 


65.9 


0.4 


0.4 


1.7 


8.1 


17.7 


5.8 


147,894 


24.6 


32.7 


Program projects and centers 


371,562 


294,927 


100,0 


61.9 


0.4 


8.2 


0.9 


7.8 


11.3 


9.4 


76,634 


20.6 


26.0 


GRS programs ' 


47,108 


47,108 


100.0 


55.2 


0.8 


0.1 


1.2 


23.6 


13.1 


5.9 












"Includes previous year's unobligated balances, excludes current year's. Contains supplements to current-year awards regardless of when funded. Excludes RCPAs. ' Excludes FY 1973/74 GRS released funds. 



41 



Table 28 
NIH SUPPORT FOR POSITIONS FUNDED FROM FISCAL YEAR 1975RESEARCH GRANTS BY OCCUPATIONAL CATEGORY* 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 


Research projects 


Program projects and centers 






Num 


aer of 






Number of 






Number of 




Occupational 


Number 
of 


funded positions 


Salary 
paid from 


Number 
of 


funded positions 


Salary 
paid from 


Number 
of 


funded positions 


Salary 


category 




Average 


Average 


Average 


paid from 




grants 


Total 


per 
grant 


grants 


grants 


Total per 
grant 


grants 


grants 


Total per 
grant 


grants 


Total 


11,965 


83,885 


7.0 


$445,618 


11,054 


59,351 5.4 


$275,621 


911 


24,534 26.9 


$169,996 


Faculty 


7,731 


14,796 


1.9 


125,224 


6,957 


9,947 1.4 


72,972 


774 


4,849 6.3 


52,252 


Nonfaculty (professional) 


5,252 


1 1 ,949 


2.3 


89,714 


4,647 


8,423 1.8 


58,870 


605 


3,526 5.8 


30,845 


In training status 


4,618 


11,256 


2.4 


40,903 


4,288 


10,032 2.3 


35,201 


330 


1,224 3.7 


5,703 


Clinical support 


418 


1,910 


4.6 


12,207 


231 


537 2.3 


2,389 


187 


1,373 7.3 


9,817 


Technical staff 


8,918 


30,051 


3.4 


135,147 


8,117 


21,196 2.6 


84,969 


801 


8,855 11.0 


50,177 


Clerical & administrative 


4,568 


9,111 


2.0 


33,220 


3,803 


5,941 1.6 


16,528 


765 


3,170 4.1 


16,692 


Other staff 


1,663 


4,812 


2.9 


9,203 


1,424 


3,275 2.3 


4,692 


239 


1,537 6.4 


4,511 



* Includes NLM. Excludes RCPAs, GRS programs, foreign grants, supplemental awards, and fringe benefits. Includes individuals supported for short periods. 



42 



Table 29 
NUMBER OF PERSONS IN NIH RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAMS BY ACADEMIC LEVEL AND BY NIH COMPONENT AND KIND OF AWARD, FISCAL YEARS 1973-1977' 



Fiscal year and 




Total NIH 






NIA 






NIAID 






NIAMDD 




academic level 


























Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


1973 


12,692 


1.233 


11,459 


- 


- 


- 


898 


41 


857 


884 


123 


761 


Postdoctoral 


5.466 


1,042 


4,424 


- 


- 


- 


342 


41 


301 


828 


122 


706 


M.D. 


3,612 


337 


3,275 


- 


- 


- 


180 


11 


169 


660 


38 


622 


Ph.D. 


1,854 


705 


1.149 


- 


- 


- 


162 


30 


132 


168 


84 


84 


Predoctoral 


7,226 


191 


7,035 


- 


- 


- 


556 


- ■ 


556 


56 


1 


55 


1974 


14,218 


2,267 


11.951 


- 


- 


- 


982 


112 


870 


891 


293 


598 


Postdoctoral 


6,313 


2,154 


4,159 


- 


- 


- 


406 


111 


295 


839 


292 


547 


M.D. 


3,522 


616 


2,906 


- 


- 


- 


187 


42 


145 


569 


102 


467 


Ph.D. 


2,791 


1,538 


1,253 


- 


- 


- 


219 


69 


150 


270 


190 


80 


Predoctoral 


7,905 


113 


7,792 


- 


- 


- 


576 


1 


575 


52 


1 


51 


197b 


13,030 


2,056 


10,974 


5 


- 


5 


754 


211 


543 


637 


191 


446 


Postdoctoral 


5,829 


2,024 


3,805 


5 


- 


5 


442 


211 


231 


592 


191 


401 


M.D. 


2,796 


440 


2,356 


- 


- 


- 


181 


44 


137 


412 


72 


340 


PhD 


3,033 


1,584 


1,449 


5 


- 


5 


261 


167 


94 


180 


119 


61 


Predoctoral 


7.201 


32 


7,169 


- 


- 


- 


312 


- 


312 


45 


- 


45 


1976 


10,661 


1,652 


9,009 


151 


22 


129 


628 


185 


443 


141 


87 


54 


Postdoctoral 


4,791 


1,639 


3,152 


60 


22 


38 


419 


185 


234 


130 


87 


43 


M.D. 


1,915 


370 


1,545 


3 


- 


3 


195 


41 


154 


52 


17 


35 


PhD 


2,876 


1,269 


1.607 


57 


22 


35 


224 


144 


80 


78 


70 


8 


Predoctoral 


5,870 


13 


5,857 


91 


- 


91 


209 


- 


209 


11 


- 


11 


1977 r 


10,541 


1,975 


8,566 


169 


28 


141 


455 


144 


311 


603 


179 


424 


Postdoctoral 


5,224 


1,970 


3,254 


80 


28 


52 


361 


144 


217 


565 


179 


386 


M.D. 


NA 


407 


NA 


NA 


1 


NA 


NA 


34 


NA 


NA 


60 


NA 


Ph.D 


NA 


1,563 


NA 


NA 


27 


NA 


NA 


110 


NA 


NA 


119 


NA 


Predoctoral 


5.317 


5 


5,312 


89 


- 


89 


94 


- 


94 


38 


- 


38 



"Based on year of funding. Persons training under individual awards are full-time; those training under institutional grants are full- or part-time. "M.D." and "Ph.D." also contain equivalent 
doctorates. Persons holding both M.D. and Ph.D. or equivalent are under "M.D." Table excludes TQ. Number of persons under institutional grants is estimated. 



(Continued) 



43 



Table 29 (Cont.) 
NUMBER OF PERSONS IN NIH RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAMS BY ACADEMIC LEVEL AND BY NIH COMPONENT AND KIND OF AWARD. FISCAL YEARS 1973-1977' 



Fiscal year and 
academic level 


NCI 


NICHD 


NIDR 


NIEHS 


NEI 


Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


1973 


1,008 


91 


917 


773 


44 


729 


341 


38 


303 


254 


3 


251 


230 


57 


173 


Postdoctoral 


618 


91 


527 


257 


44 


213 


204 


37 


167 


49 


3 


46 


211 


54 


157 


M.D. 


401 


25 


376 


100 


15 


85 


174 


28 


146 


8 


1 


7 


153 


14 


139 


Ph.D 


217 


66 


151 


157 


29 


128 


30 


9 


21 


41 


2 


39 


58 


40 


18 


Predoctoral 


390 


- 


390 


516 


- 


516 


137 


1 


136 


205 


- 


205 


19 


3 


16 


1974 


1,505 


405 


1.100 


1,188 


200 


988 


402 


71 


331 


263 


42 


221 


289 


104 


185 


Postdoctoral 


975 


405 


570 


447 


199 


248 


247 


70 


177 


65 


42 


23 


245 


104 


141 


M.D. 


487 


84 


403 


164 


52 


112 


180 


32 


148 


5 


2 


3 


150 


31 


119 


Ph.D. 


488 


321 


167 


283 


147 


136 


67 


38 


29 


60 


40 


20 


95 


73 


22 


Predoctoral 


530 


- 


530 


741 


1 


.740 


155 


1 


154 


198 


- 


198 


44 


- 


44 


1975 


1.578 


373 


1,205 


956 


128 


828 


317 


58 


259 


312 


31 


281 


237 


74 


163 


Postdoctoral 


979 


373 


606 


354 


128 


226 


221 


58 


163 


92 


31 


61 


188 


74 


114 


M.D. 


352 


49 


303 


122 


24 


98 


142 


24 


118 


5 


2 


3 


72 


17 


55 


Ph.D. 


627 


324 


303 


232 


104 


128 


79 


34 


45 


87 


29 


58 


116 


57 


59 


Predoctoral 


599 


- 


599 


602 


- 


602 


96 


- 


96 


220 


- 


220 


49 


- 


49 


1976 


1,460 


193 


1.267 


802 


162 


640 


293 


59 


234 


238 


18 


220 


283 


85 


198 


Postdoctoral 


889 


193 


696 


346 


162 


184 


217 


59 


158 


84 


18 


66 


225 


85 


140 


M.D. 


249 


29 


220 


127 


31 


96 


135 


27 


108 


5 


2 


3 


65 


15 


50 


Ph.D. 


640 


164 


476 


219 


131 


88 


82 


32 


50 


79 


16 


63 


160 


70 


90 


Predoctoral 


571 


- 


571 


456 


- 


456 


76 


- 


76 


154 


- 


154 


58 


- 


58 


1977 f 


1,490 


335 


1,155 


752 


113 


639 


240 


42 


198 


304 


33 


271 


321 


95 


226 


Postdoctoral 


962 


335 


627 


315 


113 


202 


190 


42 


148 


138 


33 


105 


253 


95 


158 


M.D. 


NA 


42 


NA 


NA 


20 


NA 


NA 


17 


NA 


NA 


1 


NA 


NA 


19 


NA 


Ph.D. 


NA 


293 


NA 


NA 


93 


NA 


NA 


25 


NA 


NA 


32 


NA 


NA 


76 


NA 


Predoctoral 


528 


- 


528 


437 


- 


437 


50 


- 


50 


166 


- 


166 


68 


- 


68 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



(Continued) 



44 



Table 29 (Cont.) 
NUMBER OF PERSONS IN NIH RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAMS BY ACADEMIC LEVEL AND BY NIH COMPONENT AND KIND OF AWARD, FISCAL YEARS 1973-1977* 



Fiscal year and 


NIGMS 


NHLBI 


NINCDS 


DRR 


FIC 


academic level 






























Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Total 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


Indiv. 


1973 


6,028 


620 


5,508 


1,132 


71 


1,061 


1,025 


143 


882 


21 


4 


17 


98 


Postdoctoral 


1,143 


337 


806 


825 


68 


757 


871 


143 


728 


20 


4 


16 


98 


M.D. 


474 


31 


443 


677 


27 


650 


695 


73 


622 


19 


3 


16 


71 


Ph.D. 


669 


306 


363 


148 


41 


107 


176 


70 


106 


1 


1 


- 


27 


Predoctoral 


4.885 


183 


4,702 


307 


3 


304 


154 


- 


154 


1 


- 


1 


- 


1974 


6.158 


406 


5,752 


1,317 


202 


1,115 


1.009 


241 


768 


35 


12 


23 


179 


Postdoctoral 


1.108 


304 


804 


934 


197 


737 


835 


240 


595 


34 


12 


22 


178 


M.D. 


398 


25 


373 


683 


70 


613 


549 


48 


501 


31 


9 


22 


119 


Ph.D. 


710 


279 


431 


251 


127 


124 


286 


192 


94 


3 


3 


_ 


59 


Predoctoral 


5,050 


102 


4,948 


383 


5 


378 


174 


1 


173 


1 


- 


1 


1 


1975 


6,001 


407 


5,594 


1,193 


202 


991 


872 


229 


643 


18 


2 


16 


150 


Postdoctoral 


1.143 


378 


765 


900 


200 


700 


746 


229 


517 


18 


2 


16 


149 


M.D. 


373 


22 


351 


567 


65 


502 


454 


21 


433 


18 


2 


16 


98 


Ph.D. 


770 


356 


414 


333 


135 


198 


292 


208 


84 


_ 


_ 


_ 


51 


Predoctoral 


4,858 


29 


4,829 


293 


2 


291 


126 


- 


126 


- 


- 


- 


1 


1976 


4.769 


207 


4,562 


1,188 


235 


953 


535 


239 


296 


16 


3 


13 


157 


Postdoctoral 


823 


194 


629 


953 


235 


718 


472 


239 


233 


16 


3 


13 


157 


M.D. 


286 


14 


272 


532 


73 


459 


149 


17 


132 


16 


3 


13 


101 


Ph.D. 


537 


180 


357 


421 


162 


259 


323 


222 


101 


_ 


_ 


_ 


56 


Predoctoral 


3,946 


13 


3,933 


235 


- 


235 


63 


- 


63 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1977 f 


4,430 


323 


4,107 


1,118 


190 


928 


444 


299 


145 


23 


2 


21 


192 


Postdoctoral 


817 


318 


499 


920 


190 


730 


408 


299 


109 


23 


2 


21 


192 


M.D. 


NA 


11 


NA 


NA 


60 


NA 


NA 


31 


NA 


NA 


2 


NA 


109 


Ph.D. 


NA 


307 


NA 


NA 


130 


NA 


NA 


268 


NA 


NA 


_ 


NA 


83 


Predoctoral 


3,613 


5 


3,608 


198 


- 


198 


36 


- 


36 


- 


- 


- 





See footnotes at beginning of table. 



45 



Table 30 
NIH PERSONNEL BY TYPE OF OCCUPATION AND DEGREE HELD AND BY PAY SYSTEM, SEPTEMBER 30, 1977* 







Permanent full-time 
















Other than 


Type of occupation 
and degree held 


Total 


Tota 




Civil Service 


Commissioned 
officer corps 


Staff fellows & 
visiting scientists 


permanent 
full-time 






Number 


Percent 








Number Percent 


Total 


12,238 


11,003 


89.9% 


9,515 


988 


500 


1,235 10.1% 


Doctorate 


2,377 


2,270 . 


95.5 


1,034 


803 


433 


107 4.5 


M.D. t 


1,006 


971 


96.5 


188 


676 


107 


35 3.5 


Ph.D. 


1,221 


1,167 


95.6 


796 


51 


320 


54 4.4 


Other 


150 


132 


88.0 


50 


76 


6 


18 12.0 


Other than doctorate 


9,861 


8,733 


88.6 


8,481 


185 


67 


1,128 11.4 


Professional & scientific 


4,579 


4,232 


92.4 


2,751 


981 


500 


347 7.6 


M.D.t 


1,003 


971 - 


96.8 


188 


676 


107 


32 3.2 


Ph.D. 


1,207 


1,154 


95.6 


784 


50 


320 


53 4.4 


Other doctorate 


146 


129 


88.4 


47 


76 


6 


17 11.6 


Other 


2,223 


1,978 


89.0 


1,732 


179 


67 


245 11.0 


Sub-professional & tech. support 


1,730 


1,565 


90.5 


1,565 


- 


- 


165 9.5 


M.D.t 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 100.0 


Ph.D. 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- - 


Other doctorate 


2 


1 


50.0 


1 


- 


- 


1 50.0 


Other 


1,726 


1,564 


90.6 


1,564 


- 


- 


162 9.4 


Admin., clerical & office services 


4,642 


3,982 


85.8 


3,975 


7 


- 


660 14.2 


M.D.t 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 100.0 


Ph.D. 


14 


13 


92.9 


12 


1 


- 


1 7.1 


Other doctorate 


2 


2 


100.0 


2 


- 


- 


- 


Other 


4,625 


3,967 


85.8 


3,961 


6 


- 


658 14.2 


Plant operation & maintenance 


1,287 


1,224 


95.1 


1,224 


- 


- 


63 4.9 


Other 


1,287 


1,224 


95.1 


1,224 


- 


- 


63 4.9 



*Excludes consultants, council members, and personnel exempt from ceilings. ' Includes M.D.s with other doctorate. 



46 



Figure 5 
NIH PERMANENT FULLTIME PERSONNEL BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNCTION. 6/30/68 AND 9/30/77" 



10,991 11,003 



191 706 621 633 585 1453 1955 405 349 301 276 169 308 143 207 159 619 723 732 525 148 75 




100% 



1968 '77 '77 '68 '77 '68 '77 '68 '77 '68 '77 

NIH TOTAL NIA IMIAID NIAMDD NCI NICHD 

*As of ends of fiscal years. Excludes consultants, council members, and personnel exempt from ceiling: 



'68 '77 
NIDR 



'68 '77 
NIEHS 



'77 

NEI 



'68 '77 
NIGMS 



'68 '77 
NHLBI 



'68 '77 
NINCDS 



'68 '77 
DRR 



47 



CHRONOLOGY OF IMPORTANT EVENTS IN THE 
DEVELOPMENT OF NIH PROGRAMS 



1887 Research laboratory founded at Marine Hospital, Staten Island, N.Y., to meet new responsibili- 
ties of Marine Hospital Service. 

1891 Hygienic Laboratory moves from Staten Island to Service headquarters, Washington, D.C. 

1902 Advisory Board for the Hygienic Laboratory established; later to become National Advisory 
Health Council. Act of Congress makes Service responsible for biologies control. 

1912 Name of Public Health & Marine Hospital Service changed to Public Health Service (PHS). 

1930 Hygienic Laboratory becomes National Institute of Health (NIH) under the Ransdell Act, 5/26. 

1937 Congress authorizes National Cancer Institute (NCI), 8/15. First research grants. 

1938 National Institute of Health moves to land donated by Mr. and Mrs. Luke I. Wilson at Bethesda, 
Md. First research fellowships (NCI). 

1944 Public Health Service Act, giving general research authority, 7/1. 

1945 Research grants extended, with central NIH responsibility. 

1946 Division of Research Grants (DRG) established to review and evaluate applications for NIH 
grants to non-Federal institutions and scientists. 

1947 First training grants (NCI). DRG starts research fellowship program. 



48 

1948 National Heart Institute authorized; other laboratories regrouped to form National Microbiolog- 
ical Institute (NMI), Experimental Biology & Medicine Institute (EBMI), and National Institute 
of Dental Research (NIDR). NIH becomes National Institutes of Health (NIH), 6/16. 

1949 Mental hygiene program of Public Health Service transferred to NIH and expanded to become 
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). 

1950 "Omnibus Medical Research Act," 8/15. National Institute of Neurological Diseases & Blind- 
ness (NINDB) and National Institute of Arthritis & Metabolic Diseases (NIAMD) established, 
the latter absorbing EBMI. 

1953 Public Health Service becomes a constituent of newly created Department of Health, Educa- 
tion, & Welfare (DHEW). Clinical Center opens. 

1955 NMI becomes National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases (NIAID). Division of Biologies 
Standards formed, assuming NMI's biologies control function. Division of Research Services 
(DRS) created. 

1956 Health Research Facilities Act, authorizing program of matching grants for research construc- 
tion in non-Federal institutions. 

1958 Division of General Medical Sciences (DGMS) created. 

1960 PHS Act amended to provide for general support of research and research training programs in 
nonprofit institutions. International Health Research Act extends NIH international programs. 

1962 Division of Research Facilities & Resources (DRFR) formed. National Library of Medicine 
(NLM), constituent of PHS since 1956, moves to NIH reservation. 






49 

Two Institutes (authorized in 1962) established — National Institute of General Medical 
Sciences (NIGMS), superseding DGMS, and National Institute of Child Health & Human 
Development (NICHD). 

Division of Computer Research and Technology (DCRT) established. 

Division of Regional Medical Programs (DRMP) created to administer the "Heart Disease, 
Cancer, and Stroke Amendments of 1965." 

Division of Environmental Health Sciences (DEHS) established. 

National Institute of Mental Health becomes separate bureau of PHS, 1/1. 

John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences (FIC) estab- 
lished. National Eye Institute (NEI) created. NINDB becomes National Institute of Neurological 
Diseases & Stroke (NINDS). 

PHS reorganized under Assistant Secretary for Health & Scientific Affairs, DHEW. Bureau of 
Health Manpower (BHM), formed in PHS the previous year, and NLM become constituents of 
NIH, 4/1. DRMP transferred to new Health Services & Mental Health Administration, PHS. 
Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications established at NLM. 

DEHS becomes National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). National Heart 
Institute renamed National Heart & Lung Institute (NHLI). 

Family Planning Services and Population Research Act. 

National Cancer Program established. Sickle Cell Disease Program initiated in NHLI. 



50 

1972 NIAMD becomes National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism & Digestive Diseases (NIAMDD). 
National Heart, Blood Vessel, Lung, & Blood Disease Program established. Division of 
Biologies Standards transferred to Food & Drug Admininstration (FDA-PHS), where it 
becomes Bureau of Biologies, 7/1. NCI and NHLI gain bureau status within NIH. National 
Cooley's Anemia Control Act. 

1973 PHS reorganization establishes new agencies: Health Resources Administration (HRA), Health 
Services Administration (HSA), Center for Disease Control (CDC), and Alcohol, Drug Abuse, & 
Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA). Bureau of Health Manpower Education (BHME, 
formerly BHM) transferred to HRA, 7/1. (See current organization chart, page i.) 

1974 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Act. National Institute on Aging (NIA) established, 5/31. 
National Research Act revises research training authority and establishes national commission 
for protection of human subjects. National Diabetes Mellitus Research & Education Act. 
President's Biomedical Research Panel established. 

1975 National Arthritis Act. NINDS becomes National Institute of Neurological & Communicative 
Disorders & Stroke (NINCDS). National commissions established for epilepsy and 
Huntington's disease. 

1976 NHLI becomes National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute (NHLBI). Advisory boards created for 
diabetes and arthritis. National commission on digestive diseases established. 



ABBREVIATIONS 



51 



AEC — Atomic Energy Commission 

ADAMHA - Alcohol, Drug Abuse, & Mental Health 

Administration 
A & S — arts & sciences 
BHM — Bureau of Health Manpower 
BHME — Bureau of Health Manpower Education 
CC - Clinical Center 
CDC — Center for Disease Control 
DBS — Division of Biologies Standards 
DCRT — Division of Computer Research & Technology 
DEHS — Division of Environmental Health Sciences 
DGMS — Division of General Medical Sciences 
DHEW - Department of Health, Education, & Welfare 
DLA — Division of Legislative Analysis 
DoD — Department of Defense 
DPA — Division of Program Analysis 
DRFR — Division of Research Facilities & Resources 
DRG — Division of Research Grants 
DRMP — Division of Regional Medical Programs 
DRR — Division of Research Resources 
DRS — Division of Research Services 
EBMI — Experimental Biology & Medicine Institute 
ED — Engineering Division 
EPA — Environmental Protection Agency 
ERDA — Energy Research & Development Administration 



FDA — Food & Drug Administration 

FFRDC — federally funded research and development 

center 
FIC —John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced 

Study in the Health Sciences 
FY - fiscal year: 10/1 - 9/30 starting 10/1/76 (FY 1977); 

formerly 7/1 - 6/30 (see TQ) 
GRS — general research support grants to institutions 
GR&S — general research and services, NIH appropriation 
HCFA — Health Care Financing Administration 
HRA — Health Resources Administration 
HRF — health research facilities construction program 
HSA — Health Services Administration 
HSMHA - Health Services & Mental Health Administration 
l/RD — Institutes & Research Divisions 
NA — not available 

NASA — National Aeronautics & Space Administration 
NBS — National Bureau of Standards 
NC! - National Cancer Institute 
NEI — National Eye Institute 
NHI - National Heart Institute 
NHLBI - National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute 
NHLI - National Heart & Lung Institute 
NIA — National Institute on Aging 



52 



Nl AID - National Institute of Allergy & Infectious 

Diseases 
NIAMD - National Institute of Arthritis & Metabolic 

Diseases 
IMIAMDD - National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism & 

Digestive Diseases 
NICHD - National Institute of Child Health & Human 

Development 
NIDR - National Institute of Dental Research 
IMIEHS — National Institute of Environmental Health 

Sciences 
NIGMS - National Institute of General Medical Sciences 
IMIH - National Institute of Health or (since 6/16/48) 

National Institutes of Health 
NIMH - National Institute of Mental Health 
NINCDS - National Institute of Neurological & Commu- 
nicative Disorders & Stroke 
ISIIIMDB — National Institute of Neurological Diseases & 

Blindness 
NiNDS — National Institute of Neurological Diseases & 

Stroke 



NLM - National Library of Medicine 

NMI — National Microbiological Institute 

NRSA — national research service awards 

NSF — National Science Foundation 

OA - Office of Administration, NIH 

OD - Office of the Director, NIH 

OE — operating expenses, NIH appropriation 

OIR — Office of International Research 

OPPE - Office of Program Planning & Evaluation, NIH | 

PHS - Public Health Service 

RCPAs — research career program awards 

R&D — research & development 

R01 — DRG code for traditional research project grants 

P01 — DRG code for research program project grants 

SRS — Social Rehabilitation Service 

SSA — Social Security Administration 

TQ — transition quarter between old FY ending 6/30/76 

and new FY beginning 10/1/76 
VA — Veterans Administration 



INDEX 



53 



Pages 

Abbreviations 51-52 

Appropriations, NIH 

Buildings & facilities, 1970-1978 13 

l/RD, 1968-1978 13 

NLM, 1969-1978 13, 22 

OD, 1970-1978 .13 

Awards, NIH extramural 

Aggregate by l/RD and performer , 1977 32 

Construction 

Medical schools, 1967-1977 28, 30, 33 

By performer, 1977 28, 30; 33 

By State, 1977 25-27 

Time series, 1965-1977 23 

Contracts, R&D 

By l/RD, 1977 24 

Medical schools, 1973-1977 28, 30, 33 

By performer, 1977 28, 30, 33 

By State, 1977 25-27 

Time series, 1965-1977 23 

Control programs (incl. with R&D grants & contracts) 

Foreign 2-3, 5-6, 27-29, 32 

By l/RD 24, 32, 34, 36, 40, 42-44 

NLM 23, 25-27, 29, 31-33, 40 

National research service awards 24, 29, 31 

Rates, research grant award, 1967, 1977 36 



Pages 
Awards, NIH extramural (cont.) 

Research career programs 

By l/RD, 1977 24 

Medical schools, 1967-1977 28, 30, 33 

By performer, 1977 28, 30, 33 

By State, 1977 25-27 

Time series, 1965-1977 23 

Research grants 

Applications, 1967-1977 35-36 

Award rates, 1967, 1977 36 

Biomedical research support grants, 1977 38 

Centers 38, 40, 41 

Direct & indirect costs 35-36, 39-40 

Expenditures, 1974 40 

General research support programs, 1974, 1977 38, 40 

By l/RD, 1977 24 

By kind or type, 1967-1977 37-38 

Medical schools, 1967-1977 28,30, 33 

By performer, 1971-1977 28, 30, 33, 39 

Positions supported under, 1975 41 

Program projects, research, 1974, 1977 38, 40 

Research projects, 1974, 1977 38, 40 

By State, 1977 25-27 

Time series, 1965-1977 23 

Traditional research grants, 1977 38 



54 



INDEX 



Pages 
Awards, NIH extramural (cont.) 
Research training 

Degree held by recipient, 1973-1977 42-44 

Individual awards 23-27, 29, 31, 33, 42-44 

Institutional grants 23-27, 29, 31, 33, 42-44 

By l/RD, 1977 24, 42-44 

Medical schools, 1967-1977 29, 31, 33 

NRSA, 1977 24, 29, 31 

By performer, 1977 29, 31, 33 

By State, 1977 25-27 

Time series, 1965-1977 23 

Biomedical research support grants ...:.... 21, 38 

Chronology (NIH) 47-50 

Clinical trials, 1976 34 

Constant dollars, 1968-1978 4, 13-14 

Construction (see Awards and Obligations) 

Contents v-viii 

Contracts (see Awards and Obligations) 

Control programs (see Obligations and Technical Note) 

Deflator, biomedical R&D, 1968-1978 13-14 

Direct activities, 1968-1977 15-21 

Direct costs (research grants), 1967-1977 35-36, 39-40 

Direct operations, 1977 15-21 

Discipline, science doctorates by, 1972, 1976 8 

Doctorates, 1972-1977 8, 42-45 



Pages 

Expenditures under research grants, 1974 40 

Extramural (see Awards and Obligations) 

General research support grants 13, 21, 38, 40 

Grants (see Awards and Obligations) 

Health cost, national, 1967, 1977 1 

Health R&D cost, national and Federal 

DHEW by agency, 1967-1977 5-7 

NIH, 1963-1977 '2-7 

By source and performer, 1963-1977 1-6 

Higher education, 1963-1977 2-3, 5-6, 28-32, 39 

History (NIH) 47-50 

Hospital & medical costs, DHEW, 1967-1977 7 

Hospital discharges 12 

Hospitals 28-32, 39 

Indirect costs (research grants), 1971-1977 39-40 

Institutions receiving awards, number of, 1977 28-29 

Intramural (Federal and NIH) 5-6, 15-21, 34, 46 

Manpower 

Science doctorate recipients, 1972-1976 8 

NIH personnel, 1968, 1977 45-46 

NIH support of, 1973-1977 40-44 

Medical schools, 1967-1977 5-6, 28-33 

Minority biomedical support grants 21, 38 

Morbidity, U.S., 1970, 1975-1976 10-12 

Mortality, U.S., 1968, 1975 9 



INDEX 



55 



Pages 
ational Library of Medicine 
(see Appropriations, Awards, Obligations) 

stional research service awards 24, 29, 31 

^ligations, NIH (see also Health R&D cost) 

Aggregate by l/RD, 1968-1977-current & constant $ 14 

Buildings & facilities, 1970-1977 15-16 

Construction, 1968-1977 15-17 

Control programs, 1973-1977 15-17 

Extramural 

By l/RD, program activity, & function/mechanism, 1977. . . 16-21 

Time series by function/mechanism, 1968-1977 15 

Intramural 

By l/RD, program activity, & function/mechanism, 1977. . . 16-21 

Time series by function/mechanism, 1968-1977 15 

NLM, 1968-1977 15-16, 22 

OD, 1970-1977 15-16 



Pages 

Organization of PHS and NIH i 

Outlays for health, DHEW, 1967-1977 7 

Personnel, NIH, 1968, 1977 45^16 

Profit, nonprofit institutions 2-6, 28-29, 32 

Program activities, l/RD, 1977 16-21 

Program management 16-22 

Programs transferred out of NIH iii, 47-50 

Research career program awards 

{see Awards and Technical Note) 

R&D cost, national, 1967, 1977 1 

Research grants (see Awards and Obligations) 

Research institutes 28-29, 32, 39 

Research training (see Awards and Obligations) 

Technical Note iii 

Training (see Awards and Obligations) 

Transition quarter 13-15, 23 



OU.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1978 260-899/3066 ! -3 



DHEW Publication No. (NIH)78-12( 



WERT 

JUL " 



N 



• LIBRARY 

(H 

l|™ Amazing Research. 
Amazing Help. 



http://nihlibrasy-nih.gov 



10 Center Drive 

Bethesda, MD 20892-1 1 50 

301-496-1080